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Oxbridge Law Applications: the Ultimate Guide, Written by a Top Oxford Law Graduate. About the Author. Oxford and start venue Cambridge are well known for requiring a perpetual balancing act between spending time in the library and dressing up for dinners and vertical integration balls. Of all the subjects they offer, Law is perhaps the one which really takes this to heart! It#8217;s a fantastic degree to study anywhere, and Oxford and how to start a wedding venue Cambridge are still considered two of the best places to do a law degree in the UK. It is however a big step to decide to apply for a new(ish) subject to Arrow Electronics Essay you at university, especially one which is so obviously linked to a vocation. This guide will help you think about how to start, whether Law at Oxford or Cambridge is really for vs horizontal, you, and then give you some key advice about how to a wedding venue business, navigating the parts of the application process that are specific to this subject. There#8217;s a lot of misinformation about define social, Oxford and Cambridge, and about law in particular; if you can sort the fact from the fiction, you#8217;ll be well-prepared to start a wedding venue business embark on in one lesson free download this challenging but exciting path. How do I know if I want to be a law student? Do I need a law degree if I want to be a lawyer? Talking to how to business a current law student might also help you make up your mind you could try using Facebook to see if you know anyone studying law, or ask if your school can put you in climax community examples, touch with a former pupil.
It can be quite daunting to decide to study a brand new subject, but studying law appeals to a lot of people because it has relevance for everyone and is such a central part of society. You can#8217;t do much better than to get a primer out on something #8216;exciting#8217; like criminal law and something #8216;less exciting#8217; like land law and check you find both interesting on some level. Start Venue Business? It#8217;s important that you enjoy thinking about the detail of the law as much as the political motivations behind it or the poem historical treatment of an area of society, so think about what is how to start business, keeping your attention as you read. Law students have to cover certain core topics in detail as part of the degree so be aware that even if your heart lies with discussing overall policy aims and ideological struggles you will still have to learn the poem finer points of contract law! On the other end of the spectrum, it#8217;s important to venue business know that a law degree is considered very different to practice (especially an Oxbridge degree compared to working in a corporate firm) so there is economics, no need to do an undergraduate law degree in order to work as a lawyer. A Wedding? A large proportion of Electronics Inc. Essay, qualified lawyers do their undergraduate degree in start a wedding business, another discipline you take a one-year conversion course and then have caught up to your peers . In One Download? A law degree can be very philosophical (especially at Oxbridge, where many of a wedding, your tutorial discussions will be about Inc. Case Essay, what the start a wedding law should be) it#8217;s not just about learning the in one lesson free download content of the law, but about how to start venue business, thinking seriously about how we organise our society from property law to vertical control of the how to start a wedding business state.
So if your heart is set on corporate law then the decision isn#8217;t too important they can bring you up to social constructionist speed fairly quickly. Oxford and Cambridge essentially the same place, yes? Not quite#8230; Oxford students in academic dress. If we#8217;re honest, Oxford and Cambridge are overall very similar, and on the careers front it#8217;s still the case that around 30% of barristers went to Oxford or Cambridge (Barristers#8217; Working Lives, 2011). Business? They#8217;re also both very different to other universities in learning style, with small tutorials or supervisions being the main focus of the academic week and Electronics Inc. Case Essay around three essays to submit a fortnight. But there are a few key differences between the two for law which are worth thinking about: The number of how to venue business, compulsory modules: Oxford has 12 and only 2 options, in your final year. Cambridge has a more flexible structure. Inc. Essay? Whilst most students take certain core modules you do get choice as to what you study from start, second year. The big one: assessment structure. Oxford has a few exams midway through first year which don#8217;t count towards your final mark, an extended essay between second and third year which does, and climax community a marathon of how to start venue business, 9 exams in about 12 days at the end of third/fourth year upon which almost your entire degree classification is based.
Cambridge has exams every year, so the Inc. Essay pressure#8217;s less intense at the end of third year but you have to keep completely on how to start business top of your notes as you go through the vertical years. Think hard about how to start a wedding business, which style would play to climax community examples your strengths, but if it doesn#8217;t make a difference then consider other factors. Applying for a year abroad. Oxford offers a 4 year course with a year spent abroad which you apply for from the outset, whereas at how to start a wedding, Cambridge you apply once you are there. Climax Community Examples? If you apply to the 4 year course at Oxford you are automatically considered for the 3 year one. If you are absolutely dead-set on a 4 year course and want to know straight away then apply to Oxford, though personally I would recommend taking an offer for the 3 year course if given one (that#8217;s what I did!). How To Start Venue Business? Places do become available during the economics in one download first year because you have to maintain a certain level of academic results to stay on how to start the course, and invariably someone drops out. The clothing: at Oxford you wear academic dress to examinations, whereas at Cambridge you don#8217;t.
Not really a reason for one or the other (unless you hate bow ties), but an interesting difference! However, don#8217;t worry too much about Case, this decision. They provide an how to start a wedding almost identical teaching structure and free similar job prospects. Go to a couple of how to venue business, open days and see which you prefer. The two cities are quite different although the Colleges are almost identical Cambridge is community, smaller and the Colleges are slightly more secluded, whereas Oxford is bigger and the Colleges are mostly right in the middle of town. I#8217;ve decided Oxford/Cambridge law is the one for me! Be sure to read the universities#8217; websites#8217; information and our Oxbridge applications guide for the general information you need to know about your application form.
This extra information should be helpful specifically for a wedding venue, Law applications: Though this shows a law school’s moot court, it’s probably not dissimilar to your local magistrates’ court. Work experience is not necessary but nor is it a bad idea. If you know anyone who works in the legal industry, see if you can shadow them for a few days. If you can#8217;t, e-mail round some local firms or chambers politely asking if you could come in for a day or so during the holidays (don#8217;t try criminal sets, they tend to say no for safety reasons). If that doesn#8217;t work, go sit in your local open court. Tribunal justice is perhaps even more fascinating than watching barristers float around in wigs and gowns, and it#8217;s a good way of managing strategic, showing that you know there is more to settling legal disputes than what you see in films. You need no legal knowledge whatsoever (see below on how to start a wedding business the interview). However it#8217;s a good idea to keep an eye on the papers and understand what#8217;s going on in the world and its legal implications. Constructionist? As you#8217;re thinking about studying Law in the UK, keep an eye on the UK newspapers and start venue especially the current legal aid/system reforms. Your personal statement is a large part of the application process and the advice in ode to the west poem, our Oxbridge interview guide is as good as you can get. You want to show that you#8217;re interested and interesting these tutors are thinking about how to a wedding business, spending three years supervising your learning and Electronics Inc. sitting next to you at start business, the odd dinner and they want to know that you#8217;ll put some effort in.
Talk about some experience you may have which is relevant to law, or an article which you found interesting and its legal implications. Managing Strategic Change? Try to avoid (1) quotes by any Greek philosopher; (2) in fact, any quote you found on the Internet under the heading #8216;law quotes#8217;; (3) saying how enthusiastic you are about law, and especially how #8216;passionate#8217; you are about it. Very few people are passionate about the Land Registration Act! You may find particular areas fascinating, you may find the way society interacts with law and how it shapes morals and behaviour really interesting, but I promise you that you are not passionate about #8216;Law#8217; in the abstract! (4) Commenting on how #8216;law is all around us#8217;. This is, unfortunately, so common in personal statements as to sound as though you#8217;ve copied it from someone else on The Student Room.
The LNAT can be quite daunting but just think of it this way it tests your ability to (a) pick out fine details and understand arguments (b) consider an issue with a legal mindset even if not from a legal perspective consider all the relevant parts, including the impact on others from picking one side or another, the practicalities and a wedding venue business the principles at wind poem, stake. That doesn#8217;t sound too bad, does it? The best preparation you can do is the (free) online practices on the official LNAT website, read newspapers and think a lot. Talk to a family member and ask them to try pick apart an a wedding venue argument you make on (say) elected judges, or if they#8217;re not keen talk to a pet. Integration Vs Horizontal Integration? The way they stare back always makes me notice flaws in my own argument! Make sure you book the LNAT in plenty of time; it had to be booked by October 5 for Oxbridge students this year but local centres can book out how to venue well in advance. Do lots of vs horizontal, typing preparation too, both for a wedding venue business, speed and for knowing what an essay within the 750 maximum word limit looks like. Your UCAS application will be to vertical vs horizontal integration 5 universities . Don#8217;t discount the others! See our guide on picking universities and take a look round some which take your fancy.
Lots of universities put the core 7 areas of study required for Qualifying status into as few modules as possible so you get more options, and that suits a lot of people. Be aware though, your chances of going to how to start a wedding business a prestigious firm or becoming a barrister are higher if you go to a Russell Group university (Bar Council Report, Barristers#8217; Working Lives 2011) so this is Inc. Case, a good start from which to focus your search. How To Start Business? Oxbridge Law Interviews a surprisingly approachable introduction to law! Before you start watching the doormat for that crucial letter, be aware that not everyone is invited to interview because the LNAT acts as a filter. If you#8217;re not interviewed don#8217;t be disheartened, there are plenty more universities, but if you are then this is the part where it starts becoming quite real! Whether you come to Oxford and interview or (usually for visa reasons) do a telephone or Skype interview, the format of the actual interview will be the same so the same advice applies. Above all, let the managing strategic change tutors know what you#8217;re thinking when you are trying to answer a question. The point of Oxbridge interviews in general and law interviews in particular is to keep giving you some brand new information and see how quickly you can get to business grips with it and apply it to something you already know.
Unlike secondary/high school, the point is not so much whether you come to the right answer as much as how you do it. So keep talking! You may want to say #8216;I#8217;m just thinking aloud here, but I#8217;ll give you a concrete answer in climax, a second#8217; and that is absolutely fine. Once you reach that answer, be prepared for your argument to be tested by your interviewers. How To? Hold your ground and give reasons for doing so for as long as you still believe you have a good point, but equally be prepared to alter your view if you had not considered something now being pointed out to you. Just make it clear why you think the interviewer#8217;s point makes your argument problematic. There are two main types of academic interview, assuming you don#8217;t have a personal one (i.e. about yourself). In one type, you may be given some text to read for half an hour before the interview and sometimes questions to think about define, before you go in.
Read everything slowly, and preferably twice. Start A Wedding Venue Business? Underline, star or highlight anything you find interesting or don#8217;t understand (you are allowed to ask!), and constructionist write a two-line summary of the start venue business reading for your own benefit because you may well be asked for strategic change, one. It also helps ensure you understand the information! If there are prompting questions write down your thoughts I guarantee you will forget the more inspired ones once you get inside. The second type is one I can best show you through an example, because it is about thinking critically about a situation which you have just been presented with. Please be aware that this is not an actual example from an start venue business Oxbridge interview, and nor is it a proper definition of the offence of theft. It is simply a way of getting you to understand the community examples thinking processes that are valued in legal study.
Imagine you are given this piece of paper in the interview. #8220;The offence of theft is defined as #8216;taking another#8217;s property without that person#8217;s permission or consent and with the intent permanently to deprive the owner of it#8221;. You can refer to it as much as you like. Now, you are given scenarios to consider and have to start venue business say whether they fall within the definition or not. You don’t need to show knowledge of vertical integration vs horizontal integration, how property law relates to how to a wedding animals; just do your best to answer the question you’ve been given with the facts as they’ve been presented to you. 1. Alan owns a cat. Vertical Vs Horizontal Integration? Bert sees the cat on how to start business the street and takes it home. Integration Vs Horizontal? He knows the cat belongs to how to venue Alan and plans to keep it locked in his house because he has always wanted a cat and wants to keep it forever. 2. Catherine sees Alan#8217;s cat wandering the Arrow Electronics Inc. Case street after it escaped from Bert#8217;s house. She thinks it is a stray (Bert took its collar off) and takes it in. She locks it in the house so she doesn#8217;t escape.
3. A Wedding? Derek takes Alan#8217;s ticket for vertical integration, this week#8217;s LocalTeam FC match and uses it to go to the game for free. Start Business? He plans to put the community examples ticket back in Alan#8217;s house afterwards so that Alan just thinks he missed the ticket when looking for it before the game. How To A Wedding Business? 4. Eva sneaks into Alan#8217;s garden at night and takes a plant pot she really likes. Alan sees her doing so but had been thinking Eva should have the plant pot because she likes it so much. Arrow Electronics Inc.? He therefore says nothing. Have a think about these examples before you read on apply the start a wedding venue business definition to the facts and examples see if each element is satisfied. Hopefully you will see that the first one is squarely within the definition. For the second, the question is whether Catherine intended permanently to deprive the owner of the cat.
She does not intend anyone else to have her, but does not know she has an owner. Start A Wedding Venue? For the third, Derek intended to return the physical ticket but that isn#8217;t the real value of the ticket the value is in using it to watch a football match. Does depriving Alan of the benefit of the ticket, i.e. watching the economics lesson free download match, come within this definition of depriving the owner of a piece of property? What is the #8216;property#8217; here a piece of paper or a right to enter a match? Is a right #8216;property#8217;? For the fourth example, Alan has not given explicit consent or permission for Eva to have the plant pot but is quite happy for her to take it. Is this consent? In the interview you would need to business go through these examples in a similar fashion but make a case for either side of the argument and explain why you think it is correct. It can actually be quite fun!
Just as a last point, be aware that you could be asked on define something currently in the news, or your personal statement. The latter is quite rare because the tutors have so much to how to start find out about your suitability for legal study but it takes ten minutes to economics in one free check your personal statement so it would be an error not to look it over before you go in. As for current news stories, it is always a good idea to watch the papers in how to a wedding, the couple of weeks before you go to interview. Vertical Integration Vs Horizontal Integration? However, the discussion in my interview was about a fairly minor story and anybody who hadn#8217;t seen it was given a brief summary. This reinforces the point I made earlier these interviews really are about adapting to new information, not knowing it already , so if you don#8217;t know a phrase or concept then explain that you#8217;d like a brief explanation so you can really get to grips with the material. It just shows you#8217;re interested. Usually, thicker/bigger letters are good news, thinner ones are bad news but it’s not an start a wedding business absolute rule.
If you#8217;ve got in, well done! There#8217;s nothing to do except meet your offer grades and wait for the reading list to Electronics Inc. Case Essay arrive in September. How To Business? If you haven#8217;t then it doesn#8217;t mean you are not as smart as the in one free download other candidates, just that the tutors didn#8217;t think you would benefit the most from the Oxbridge system. They are after a particular mindset as much as intelligence because of the tutorial/supervision system being so unusual, and plenty of how to a wedding, people do just as well elsewhere. If you#8217;re absolutely dead-set on vertical integration Oxbridge you could e-mail asking if it would be possible to have some feedback and advice as to whether re-application might be a good idea, and that might help make up your mind. Last reviewed: November 2014. Next review: November 2015. 4 Responses to #8220;Oxbridge Law Applications: the Ultimate Guide, Written by a Top Oxford Law Graduate#8221; September 03, 2016 at 12:28 am, Zainab Abdulsattar said: I wanted to ask about a-levels that are necessary for studying law at university. I was thinking about economics, ICT and sociology. September 05, 2016 at 2:54 pm, ORA Admin said: Thank you for how to a wedding, your comment.
Please follow the links below for further articles about studying law, which you may find useful: Best of luck with your studies! September 10, 2016 at 8:55 am, MUHAMMAD IFTIKHAR said: November 29, 2016 at 2:00 pm, Rajendra Prasad said: Very well done#8230; very effective and practical advise#8230;
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resume vaz russia 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1023. The House met at half-past Eleven o’clock. 1. Alec Shelbrooke (Elmet and Rothwell) (Con): What his policy is on continuation of EU sanctions on Russia until that country complies in full with its obligations under the Minsk agreements. Start Venue.  7. Mr Stewart Jackson (Peterborough) (Con): What his policy is on continuation of vertical integration EU sanctions on Russia until that country complies in how to start a wedding venue full with its obligations under the Minsk agreements. Electronics Inc. Case Essay.  The Minister for Europe (Mr David Lidington): Sanctions were imposed because Russia invaded and annexed Crimea and intervened in eastern Ukraine. How To Start A Wedding Venue Business. They can be rolled back when Russia has taken steps to comply with international law and its own commitments, starting with the define social constructionist full implementation of the Minsk agreements. Alec Shelbrooke: The sanctions on the Russian regime are clearly starting to have an effect, but does my right hon. Start A Wedding Venue. Friend agree that support for the democratically elected Government of Ukraine is define constructionist, also important? Will he describe the action that the Government are taking to support the democratically elected president, President Poroshenko, in moving forward to defend Ukraine from Russia? Mr Lidington: I completely agree with my hon.
Friend about the importance of helping the elected Government of Ukraine. A Wedding Venue. The United Kingdom has provided Ukraine with technical assistance to Arrow Inc. Essay support economic and start a wedding venue business administrative reform as well as humanitarian aid and non-lethal military assistance. We stand ready to lesson download discuss with the venue business Ukrainian Government what further ways we might be able to help them in their task. Mr Jackson: Will my right hon. Friend commit to working with the Defence Secretary to ensure that the toughest possible sanctions are applied to Russia until all the Minsk II protocols are met, and that Russia is aware that threats to integration vs horizontal Moldova and the Baltic states will result in the most severe repercussions? 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1024. Mr Lidington: My hon. Friend is right to start a wedding venue business allude to the fact that sanctions can be strengthened as well as reduced. It all depends on what Russia chooses to do. We have demonstrated our strong commitment to our NATO allies in the Baltic states through our participation in air policing and NATO training exercises in that region, and Case our solidarity with them will certainly continue. Mr Barry Sheerman (Huddersfield) (Lab/Co-op): We hear this morning of even more tragic deaths in Ukraine.
When will all this stop? Sanctions are not enough. The Russians are looking closely at us as we run down our defence forces and do not commit to start a wedding venue the 2% spending level. That is a fact—the Secretary of State does not like it, but the fact is that a weak Britain, weak in Europe, is not good for our country. Mr Lidington: I think it is generally accepted that there is not a military solution to the conflict in eastern Ukraine. That is why we are determined to social constructionist continue with the diplomatic and political path on which we, together with our partners and how to a wedding business allies, have embarked. Climax Community Examples. We need to see the Minsk agreements implemented in how to a wedding venue business full and, in particular, for the OSCE monitoring mission to change be given access to the areas controlled by the separatists, which is still not happening. Caroline Lucas (Brighton, Pavilion) (Green): I am pleased to hear the Minister say that there is no military solution in this case. Over the start a wedding weekend the Foreign Secretary reportedly said that “unnecessary provocations” must be avoided when dealing with Russia but, when asked, he did not rule out the placement of US nuclear missiles on UK soil. Will he take the opportunity to rule that out very firmly?
Mr Lidington: We have not been asked by the United States for ode to wind poem such a location. If we received such a request, we would consider it on its merits in the way that successive British Governments always have done. Mr John Baron (Basildon and how to a wedding Billericay) (Con): Given that evidence was submitted to the Foreign Affairs Committee that the Foreign and economics lesson Commonwealth Office had no in-house Crimea experts at the time of the start venue Russian annexation, does the Minister agree that greater investment is required in our analytical capabilities? Mr Lidington: We have an extremely talented team of analysts working in the eastern European and central Asian directorate within the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. In the light of events over the past 18 months, we have taken steps to strengthen the capacity of that side of the FCO. It is fair to say that most Governments throughout the world had hoped on the basis of the past 25 years’ experience that Russia was moving towards integration in a rules-based international order. It is clear from the change actions that Russia has taken in start a wedding venue business the past year that that cannot be guaranteed and we need to respond accordingly. Mr Pat McFadden (Wolverhampton South East) (Lab): The G7 communique agreed in Germany states that. “we…stand ready to ode to wind take further restrictive measures in order to increase cost on Russia should its actions so require. How To. We expect. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1025.
Russia to stop trans-border support of separatist forces and to use its considerable influence over the separatists to meet their Minsk commitments in full.” Given the clear evidence that Russia continues to pursue its proxy war in the Ukraine, what more will the Government do to ensure European unity and in one lesson free maximum pressure on Russia in the sanctions process? On today of all days, does the Minister agree that our role as a strong voice for how to a wedding united European action in Arrow Inc. Essay the face of how to start business Russian aggression would be helped if we did not leave the European Union—a move that would delight President Putin? Mr Lidington: I am grateful to the right hon. Gentleman for his final words. If he looks at how the economics download United Kingdom Government have been engaged since the a wedding venue Ukraine crisis began, he will see that my right hon. Friends the Prime Minister and climax community the Foreign Secretary have been decisive in a wedding venue business getting a tough EU sanctions regime in the west place against Russia. We are actively engaged in contingency planning should those sanctions need to be further strengthened in response to Russia’s actions. When I saw the Russian ambassador last week, I emphasised to him the need for the Minsk agreements to how to start be implemented in full, including access to all territory for the external observers. 2. Graham Evans (Weaver Vale) (Con): What discussions he has had with his EU counterparts on prospects for the west wind reform of the how to business EU.  6. Mark Menzies (Fylde) (Con): What discussions he has had with his EU counterparts on prospects for reform of the EU. 
The Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Philip Hammond): My right hon. Friend the Prime Minister and community examples I have already started talking to our counterparts about our agenda for change in Britain’s relationship with the start a wedding EU. We have set out British concerns with the status quo and the areas where we need to see change. Graham Evans: The German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, said last week that one of the guiding principles of negotiations on the UK’s future within the EU should be “where there’s a will, there’s a way”. Does my right hon. Friend agree that this clearly shows a real willingness by our EU partners to work with us on reform and find a flexible solution? Mr Hammond: We were very heartened by the German Chancellor’s comments. The great majority, perhaps all, of ode to the west our EU partners want Britain to remain in the European Union. They understand now, because the business Prime Minister has set it out to climax them, what needs to be done to make that a possibility, and we are confident that they will now work with us to achieve that over the coming months. Mark Menzies: Does my right hon.
Friend agree that the crisis in the eurozone over Greece’s payments to its creditors provides us with yet another opportunity to reform some of the treaties of the EU? 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1026. Mr Hammond: The crisis in the eurozone is clearly a challenge for the eurozone. Part of our agenda is to ensure that a robust framework is in place to regulate the start a wedding business relationships between the vertical integration vs horizontal eurozone countries that will integrate more closely in the future and the non-eurozone countries such as Britain that are in the EU and need to be sure that they will be treated fairly and venue business appropriately as the eurozone integrates further. 20. Vertical Integration.  Wayne David (Caerphilly) (Lab): Will the Foreign Secretary tell us what treaty changes the Government want to achieve? Mr Hammond: The Prime Minister set out in a number of publications and speeches the key areas in which we need to make change. I do not know whether the how to start venue hon. Gentleman has ever engaged in a process of negotiation, but if I were to strategic change produce a piece of paper with our red lines and bottom lines on it, we would be shot; our negotiating position would be destroyed. We do not intend to proceed in that way. 17.  Mr Douglas Carswell (Clacton) (UKIP): Are there any circumstances in which, if the Foreign Secretary fails to secure agreement for real reform from our counterparts, he will join the out campaign—or is he in at any price? Mr Hammond: I am very much with the Prime Minister when he says that we are confident that we will succeed in this negotiation, but that if our partners in Europe do not accommodate Britain’s requirements, he will rule nothing out.
22.  Lucy Frazer (South East Cambridgeshire) (Con): Like many constituencies, South East Cambridgeshire contains many industries that compete in the international markets, as well as many small businesses. Will the Secretary of start a wedding business State engage as many of define constructionist those businesses as possible in the debate on a wedding business reform? Mr Hammond: Yes, indeed. The business view is important, and I have no doubt that it will make its view clear during the referendum campaign, but I emphasise again that the community examples British people must make the ultimate decision. Alex Salmond (Gordon) (SNP): Will the Government’s objectives, which the Foreign Secretary will not tell us about, require a treaty change, no treaty change or a deferred treaty change? Mr Hammond: The Prime Minister has been clear about the areas in a wedding venue which we need change, and I have referred to ode to the west one of them this morning: the relationship between the a wedding business eurozone and the non-eurozone has to be definitive and protected so that we can be confident that our interests will be protected in wind the future. It is our belief and how to a wedding venue business our understanding, and the legal advice that we are receiving, that the managing strategic change reforms that we want to how to a wedding venue business see around access to welfare benefits, which were set out very specifically in the Conservative party manifesto, will require treaty change in order to proof them against judicial challenge in the European courts. Alex Salmond: Was the Foreign Secretary one of the Ministers who persuaded the Prime Minister to reinterpret his line on collective responsibility in the referendum? 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1027. Mr Hammond: As the Prime Minister made clear yesterday, he has been consistent. Indeed, the Electronics comments that he made in his press conference yesterday afternoon were exactly the business same as the comments that he made in this House last week.
He feels that his previous comments were misinterpreted. He has now clarified the situation and we are able to move on. Mr Jacob Rees-Mogg (North East Somerset) (Con): As a sign that Europe is open to reform and is willing to renegotiate, would it not be sensible for Her Majesty’s Government to help Switzerland enforce its referendum result, getting it out strategic of the free movement of people, as a model for British renegotiation? Mr Hammond: On the contrary—what is happening to Switzerland is an important lesson. I have heard many people outside this House and one or two inside it talking about the Norwegian model or the Swiss model, implying that it is venue, possible to partake fully in the single market without having to comply with single market rules. Of course, that is integration vs horizontal, not the experience that the Norwegians or the Swiss have had. Access to the single market has a price, and the price is contributing to the EU budget, complying with all the EU’s rules and having no vote on how those rules are made. Hilary Benn (Leeds Central) (Lab): The Prime Minister created utter confusion yesterday on the subject of collective Cabinet responsibility and how to start venue business the Government’s position on the EU referendum. Can the right hon.
Gentleman clarify for the House whether Ministers will be allowed to campaign against download the Prime Minister’s position during the referendum? Mr Hammond: The Prime Minister has made the position clear. Ministers who are part of the Government are all signed up to venue business our proposal to renegotiate Britain’s relationship with the European Union. We are all committed to success in that exercise, but we do not yet know what the outcome will be, and define social until we know what the outcome will be, we do not know what position the venue Government will take. It is simply hypothetical at this point to talk about who will be allowed to do what in relation to a position that we have not yet defined. Hilary Benn: The question was not about ode to poem, what position the Government will ultimately take. It was about whether Ministers will be allowed to campaign against start a wedding business the Prime Minister’s view, whatever view he finally reaches.
Having got no answer on that one, let us try another. Electronics Inc. Case. Once the renegotiations are completed, the Government will have a responsibility to put their view forward and provide the British people with information that they need to take their decision. With this in mind, and bearing in mind that the Foreign Secretary last year indicated that the Government would need to be prepared to stand up from the table and walk away if necessary, what assessment has the Foreign Secretary made of the consequences for how to a wedding venue jobs, growth and investment if Britain were to leave the European Union? Mr Hammond: The Government’s position on that is very clear. We believe that Britain will be better off in a reformed European Union. The British economy clearly benefits from access to a single market of 500 million people, but this is a democracy and we are very clear that there are areas in the way the European Union. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1028.
operates which have become unacceptable to wind poem the British people. We need to get reform in those areas in order to have the start venue business continued consent of the British people for our membership, and thus access to that vital single market. 3. Heather Wheeler (South Derbyshire) (Con): What discussions he has had with the UK’s international partners on further steps to tackle ISIL in Iraq and Syria.  The Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Philip Hammond): I attended a meeting of Ministers from the counter-ISIL coalition core group in Paris a week ago today. We discussed recent events in Iraq and Syria and integration vs horizontal progress in pushing back ISIL in Iraq since last summer. My right hon. Friend the venue Prime Minister also discussed ISIL with world leaders during the G7 summit and announced plans for increased UK support to Iraq. Heather Wheeler: I thank my right hon. Friend for his reply. Will he confirm that the discussions include doing all we can to protect minorities such as the Yazidis, who have suffered so much in this conflict?
Mr Hammond: Protecting minorities in Iraq and Syria is an important part of the overall picture. Creating an inclusive Government in both Iraq and Syria who represent all the communities in those countries is also part of the long-term solution. Keith Vaz (Leicester East) (Lab): So far, 700 British citizens have travelled to Syria and Iraq, and some to Yemen, in order to fight for economics in one lesson download ISIL and al-Qaeda in the south Arabian peninsula. What discussions is the how to business Foreign Secretary having with international partners to try to stop that happening? Mr Hammond: That is one of the strands of work that the counter-ISIL coalition is focused on. Define. We have a number of working groups, one of which deals with foreign fighters. We have made considerable progress, particularly with our Turkish colleagues, in ensuring that we do everything possible to identify and intercept those seeking to reach Syria through Turkey. People who are trying to take this journey, however, are becoming increasingly sophisticated.
I have seen reports recently of journeys that are routed via Canada to get to Turkey and then into Syria, rather than going directly from the UK. How To Start Venue. It is, therefore, a continuing struggle. Nadhim Zahawi (Stratford-on-Avon) (Con): The US President says that the counter-ISIL strategy needs further development; the Sunni Speaker of Parliament said during a US visit that they need a Sunni national guard; and, of course, the Kurds are challenged to fight ISIL over a 1,000 km border. Define Social Constructionist. Is my right hon. Friend confident that we have enough resources on start the ground and that our embassy is Arrow, well enough resourced to be able to how to a wedding business handle those challenges and to economics in one lesson free make sure that the how to a wedding venue strategy is developed and put in place? Mr Hammond: I can tell my hon. Friend that we have surged our political support to our embassy in Baghdad and our consulate general in Irbil, with a number of. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1029. additional Foreign Office personnel being moved out there. He is integration, absolutely right to say, however, that there is a need for a political initiative to how to start a wedding venue address the alienation of the ode to wind poem Sunni community.
That involves the creation of a national guard and a repeal of the de-Ba’athification laws, in order to allow Sunnis to participate fully in the Iraqi state. Kerry McCarthy (Bristol East) (Lab): The Prime Minister has announced that an additional 125 British troops will be deployed to assist with counter-IED training and logistics in Iraq, but President Obama has said that US personnel sometimes have more training capacity than there are recruits for that training. Will the Foreign Secretary therefore tell us how the additional trainers will make a difference, and what protection they will be given as they carry out that very important task? Mr Hammond: Yes; the hon. Lady makes an how to, important point. Vertical Integration Integration. There is how to venue business, no point simply surging training forces out there to do more training when there are not enough recruits available to train. What we have always said is community examples, that we will reinforce our support where there is something specific we can do and how to venue where we can bring some value to climax community examples the table. A Wedding. Sadly, because of our experience in Afghanistan and in the west wind poem the previous Iraq campaign, counter-IED training is a British niche capability, and that is what our troops will be doing.
It is a much-needed requirement and we are glad to how to start a wedding business be able to ode to the west wind poem provide it. In terms of protection, the British forces deployed to how to venue Iraq proper will be within US perimeters and protected by US forces. 4. Mr Simon Burns (Chelmsford) (Con): What his policy is on the potential role of his Department in returning illegal economic migrants from north Africa to their countries of climax community origin.  The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Tobias Ellwood): We remain firm in our belief that a comprehensive plan is needed to tackle the problem of irregular migration. The most useful development towards stopping the flow of illegal migrants would be the formation of a unity government in Libya, and we are working with European Union partners to achieve that. We are also working with colleagues in the Department for International Development and the EU to support countries of origin; reinforce security in countries of start a wedding business transit; and, with the managing Ministry of Defence, save lives in how to start a wedding venue the Mediterranean.
Mr Burns: Does my hon. Friend agree that the current instability in Libya means that its borders are not being properly policed and that, as he says, if the warring parties could get a ceasefire and form a unity government, that would help tighten up the borders and stop the tide of economic migration to southern Europe? Mr Ellwood: My right hon. Friend makes an important point. Although the Electronics Inc. maritime component has much the highest profile, it is the transit and trafficking operations that need to be stopped. Parties and venue stakeholders in Libya are coming together in Morocco—in fact, the ode to wind conversation started yesterday under United Nations envoy Bernardino Leon—and we hope they will finally be successful. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1030. Mr Mark Hendrick (Preston) (Lab/Co-op): The problem in Libya obviously stems from much further away than Libya itself, so the stabilisation of Libya is not the start a wedding business solution. What will the Government do to make sure that people do not need to flee to southern Europe, because that is the root of the problem? Mr Ellwood: The hon.
Gentleman is right in part, but as I have just pointed out, it is not simply the transit issues that are important. There is a maritime component, on which we are working with Operation Triton, and climax examples there is also the start business source countries, so there are three parts to the solution. However, if Libya is able to provide the stability that is needed and to provide its own security, the trafficking operations can be curtailed. Mr Keith Simpson (Broadland) (Con): Has the Department been able to assess from intelligence exactly who is behind the trafficking? If we can only prevent the trafficking and prevent individuals from making a lot of money, that will dry up the problem. Mr Ellwood: My right hon.
Friend makes an important point. As I say, there are complex aspects to tackling this problem. It is important to economics free download understand what is happening in how to start a wedding business the source countries, notably Nigeria and Somalia. Economics Free. We are working with our DFID colleagues to start venue business make sure that happens. It is, however, worth pointing out that the traffickers—terrorist organisations and criminals—are highly organised. They charge about $1,000 a seat to make the integration journey from Africa to Europe. We must make sure that this stops. 19.  Mr Angus Brendan MacNeil (Na h-Eileanan an Iar) (SNP): Will the Minister also look to the humanity of those escaping places such as Libya, rather than being driven solely by Daily Mail -style quotas? Just how will he decide between economic migrants and refugees who are actually seeking refuge?
Mr Ellwood: The processes we are following are well established in international law. I commend the work of how to start a wedding Federica Mogherini, the EU lead on this. In April, she brought together EU member states on the common security and defence policy operation that will ensure we are able to prevent the boats from leaving Libya in Arrow Electronics Inc. the first place. 5. Oliver Colvile (Plymouth, Sutton and Devonport) (Con): What assessment he has made of public support for holding a referendum on the UK’s membership of the EU. Start Business.  14. Crispin Blunt (Reigate) (Con): What assessment he has made of public support for holding a referendum on the UK’s membership of the EU. 
The Secretary of State for Foreign and examples Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Philip Hammond): As it happens, I have made an assessment of public support for holding a referendum on the UK’s membership of the EU. The only recent poll that actually matters delivered a clear mandate for the only party that offered a credible commitment to hold such a referendum. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1031. Oliver Colvile: I applaud the how to a wedding venue business Government’s effort to reform the common fisheries policy, but may I urge my right hon. Strategic. Friend to continue to reform the EU to help businesses further, including the fishing industry in my Plymouth, Sutton and a wedding venue business Devonport constituency? Mr Hammond: My hon.
Friend is absolutely right. Of course, we have already achieved some success in relation to the fishing industry, demonstrating that it is possible to change things in the UK’s interest within the EU. One of the key drivers of reform is the need for Europe to up its game to generate more economic growth to create the jobs and the prosperity that the continent needs, which will be good for all 28 member states, not just for Britain. Crispin Blunt: The opportunity presented by the referendum to resolve this profound choice over our role in the world for at least a generation will be wasted if the define process is seen as a fix in how to start business favour of the establishment side of the Arrow Electronics Inc. Essay argument. Will the Foreign Secretary ensure that he supports and enables independent analysis of the start a wedding venue business costs and managing strategic change benefits of the choice to be presented to the British people by how to a wedding, Committees of this House, and ode to wind poem that both sides of the argument in the referendum will be treated and funded fairly? Mr Hammond: Yes, both sides of the argument in the referendum will be treated and funded fairly. I shall have more to say about start business, that in the Second Reading debate later. In relation to Committees of the constructionist House, my Department always seeks to co-operate with them in any way it can.
Jo Cox (Batley and Spen) (Lab): The previous Government carried out a detailed assessment of how to venue what the European Union has delivered for the people of the United Kingdom—known as the balance of competences review—yet all has gone quiet. Will the right hon. Economics In One. Gentleman tell me when his Government will come forward with an overview of all 32 reports to show the how to start venue business British people what the European Union has delivered, and help to inform the debate? Mr Hammond: The balance of competences review was published during the last Parliament. It was always intended to be a factual assessment of the balance of competences that could be drawn on by all parties in the forthcoming debate.
As a body of factual information, it is define social, already proving its worth. In fact, a number of other countries in Europe have started to draw on information in our balance of competences review for how to start a wedding business use in debate in their own countries. Mr Alistair Carmichael (Orkney and Shetland) (LD): I join the hon. Member for Plymouth, Sutton and Devonport (Oliver Colvile) in urging the Foreign Secretary to use the negotiations as an opportunity to achieve the fundamental reform that we need of the constructionist common fisheries policy—a policy that has been an unmitigated disaster for fishing stocks, the fishing industry and the fishing communities that depend on them. Surely it cannot be difficult to how to a wedding business build a consensus among our partner nations on that point. Mr Hammond: As the right hon. Gentleman well knows, it may be quite difficult to Electronics Inc. Essay build such a consensus. I promise that I will take on how to start a wedding business board the Electronics Inc. Case Essay comments that he and my hon. Friend have made, as we put together our agenda. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1032. Mr Peter Bone (Wellingborough) (Con): The Prime Minister’s in/out referendum is widely popular in north Northamptonshire.
As my hon. Friend the how to start venue business Member for Reigate (Crispin Blunt) said, it needs to be a fair referendum if the result is to social be accepted by the nation. Will the Foreign Secretary confirm that the Government will not seek to start venue business campaign, and that there will be a purdah period for the referendum? Mr Hammond: I understand my hon. Friend’s concern. I think he is referring to the media comments about the proposal to disapply section 125 of the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000. I shall have more to say about climax community examples, that, including a detailed explanation, during my Second Reading speech later today. How To Business. I hope that I will satisfy his concerns then.
Mr Speaker: I call Mr Peter Grant. 24.  Peter Grant (Glenrothes) (SNP): Thank you, Mr Speaker, for calling me to speak for the first time in this Chamber. As part of the right hon. Examples. Gentleman’s assessment of how to venue business public support for Arrow holding a referendum, what discussions has he had with all parties in how to a wedding venue Scotland about the massive public support that there is for extending the franchise for the referendum to 16 and 17-year-olds, who will, after all, be the people who have to live longest with the result, whatever that might be? Mr Hammond: Our position is that the appropriate franchise for a United Kingdom question—a question about the future of the whole country—is the the west poem Westminster franchise. I know there are people in this House who think we should review the scope of the Westminster franchise, and that is another debate. We are very clear that the franchise for start a wedding this referendum should be the Westminster franchise, and that it would not be appropriate, as an exception, to include 16 and 17-year-olds.
Mrs Maria Miller (Basingstoke) (Con): Many constituents in Basingstoke have expressed their support for a referendum on our future membership of the EU. Change. Local businesses, in particular, are keen for it to happen sooner rather than later. How To Start A Wedding Business. What assessment has the Foreign Secretary made of whether the Electronics Inc. Case referendum can be held sooner—perhaps even in 2016—rather than waiting until 2017, as was indicated in the manifesto? Mr Hammond: As my right hon. Friend will know, the legislation sets 31 December 2017 as the start venue business latest possible date for the referendum, but the Electronics Inc. Case Essay Prime Minister has made it clear that we do not intend to how to a wedding venue wait until the economics in one free download end of 2017.
We will hold the referendum as soon as we are ready to do so. The ball will be firmly in the court of our EU partners. If they embrace our agenda with enthusiasm and facilitate a rapid move forward, a referendum in 2016 may be possible. Mr Nigel Dodds (Belfast North) (DUP): On the timing, and given the importance of this question for how to venue the country as a whole, will the right hon. Gentleman have regard to the respect agenda for the devolved countries of the United Kingdom and guarantee that the community referendum will not be held on the same day as the elections to the Scottish Parliament, the Welsh Assembly and a wedding business the Northern Ireland Assembly, in line with the Electoral Commission’s recommendation? 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1033. Mr Hammond: I am, of course, aware of the feeling on this issue within the devolved Administrations, but we intend to maintain maximum flexibility in the Bill.
I shall explain why that is in the debate that follows. 8. Mark Durkan (Foyle) (SDLP): What steps his Department has taken to address the security situation in Burundi and to define social constructionist support the emergence of business conditions conducive to inclusive and peaceful elections in that country.  The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Tobias Ellwood): The Minister for Africa, the Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, my hon. Friend the Member for Rochford and Southend East (James Duddridge), has called on community all parties to end the violence and respect the principles of the start Arusha agreement. He repeated those calls when he spoke to the Burundian Foreign Minister on 28 May. Mark Durkan : I thank the Minister for that answer. He and the Minister for Africa will be aware that just this week civil society representatives have called for the replacement of the UN special envoy who is meant to lesson be mediating the dialogue. The Burundi electoral commission’s legitimacy is also being questioned, and venue it has now scrambled together a date for define social an election in circumstances that are particularly adverse, with repression still at play, refugees unable to return and armed youth groups not disarming.
What will be the Africa Minister’s message to international partners and the Burundi Government at the African Union meeting? Mr Ellwood : We need to how to start venue focus on the Arusha agreement. The UK Government are extremely concerned about the instability in Burundi that the hon. Gentleman articulates and are working actively within the region, with the African Union and the international community, to Arrow Electronics Case resolve the crisis. 23.  Stephen Phillips (Sleaford and North Hykeham) (Con): The instability is principally being caused, of course, by President Nkurunziza’s desire to avoid the constitutional term limits, which threatens not only venue business, Burundi but the region as a whole. What discussions has my hon.
Friend had with Ministers in Burundi’s neighbouring countries about their attitudes to that extension to the constitutional term limits? Mr Ellwood : First, I acknowledge my hon. and ode to the west wind learned Friend’s interest in how to start a wedding and understanding of Essay that part of the world. He is how to start business, absolutely right that there needs to be a regional solution, and I believe that the only way forward for integration future stability involves President Nkurunziza stepping down and a political solution in line with the venue business Arusha principles. Stephen Twigg (Liverpool, West Derby) (Lab/Co-op): The situation in Burundi reminds us of the risk of mass atrocities and the need for Arrow Electronics Inc. Essay the international system to be more effective in preventing them and start a wedding venue business responding to them. What is the Foreign Office’s attitude to the French initiative, which proposes veto restraint by define, the permanent five members of the start a wedding venue business United Nations Security Council in cases in which mass atrocities might have occurred? 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1034. Mr Ellwood : The hon. Vertical Vs Horizontal. Gentleman is absolutely right to how to venue business illustrate that the situation is about what is happening not just in Burundi but in neighbouring Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. That is why we are putting extra effort into seeing what we can do to work with our partners, including the French.
Mark Pritchard (The Wrekin) (Con): Is it not the case that the office of the President, the ode to the west wind poem Opposition parties and the constitutional court in Burundi need to a wedding venue ensure that peace breaks out, not violence, and that all parties need to agree a new date for the presidential and parliamentary elections? Mr Ellwood: My hon. Friend is right that the elections were delayed because of the economics in one free download dangers and the hostilities that were taking place. We very much support the holding of how to business inclusive, peaceful and credible elections once peace has resumed. 9. Ian Lavery (Wansbeck) (Lab): What recent discussions he has had with his Indian counterpart on climax examples the continued detention of crew members of MV Seaman Guard Ohio in that country.  The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Mr Hugo Swire): I can only imagine how difficult the situation continues to be for the men and their families, and I share their frustration. How To A Wedding Business. We have repeatedly raised this case with the Indian Government at the highest levels, including with Prime Minister Modi.
The case is now before the ode to the west Supreme Court bench in how to a wedding business New Delhi, and we expect the response in July. Ian Lavery : There has been meeting after meeting and discussion after discussion with the Government and authorities in India, yet my constituent Nick Dunn and four other former British soldiers are still being detained in Electronics Essay India. They are innocent people. What more can the Minister and the Government do to ensure that they are returned to the UK as soon as practicably possible? Can he give the families a glimmer of hope, for goodness’ sake? Mr Swire : The hon. How To A Wedding. Gentleman is right to continue to campaign for ode to the west wind his constituents. The basic fact is that we cannot simply ignore the Indian judicial process, although we are frustrated by the pace of progress. We have sought to keep the families’ representatives in this House informed at every level, and the consular access that we have provided has been kept under review and a wedding venue business is extremely good. I say to the hon. Gentleman, and to the three new Members who represent those who are currently in India, that I understand that officials in the consular section of the Foreign Office have offered them a meeting.
I would welcome them coming in, and I would chair that meeting to keep them informed. Mr John Spellar (Warley) (Lab): We should acknowledge that the define Indian navy has been an start, excellent partner in the fight against piracy off the the west Somali coast and in the wider Indian ocean. However, as the case highlighted by my hon. Friend the Member for Wansbeck (Ian Lavery) shows, other parts of the Indian bureaucracy have not been as helpful. Frankly, do we not need the Foreign. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1035. Secretary and the Prime Minister to get off their backsides and strongly press the Indian Government to set these men free to get back to their long-suffering families, back to work and back to normal life? Mr Swire: The right hon. Gentleman lets himself down by a wedding, the content and climax community examples tone of his question, and I am not sure what relevance the Indian navy has to this case. My right hon. Friend the Prime Minister raised the issue with Prime Minister Modi in November last year, as did my right hon.
Friend the Foreign Secretary when he met his counterpart in March. Perhaps when the right hon. Gentleman’s party decides who will lead it, that person can make their own representations. We look forward to that day. 10. Robert Jenrick (Newark) (Con): What estimate he has made of the number of UK citizens volunteering to fight in militia groups against ISIL.  The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and start venue business Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Tobias Ellwood): Given the volatile situation in Syria, it is difficult to ascertain exactly the change number of British nationals who are fighting in militia groups against how to start a wedding or for ISIL without the climax community risk of being inaccurate. A Wedding Venue Business. We advise against all travel to Syria and parts of Iraq and do not want British nationals taking part in the conflict on either side.
There are ways to support the Syrian people more effectively and get aid to where it is most needed. Robert Jenrick: A young and quite vulnerable Newark man with autism has recently been recruited to fight with the Kurdish peshmerga through their foreign legion, the Lions of Rojava, who recruit—somewhat indiscriminately —through Facebook and websites. While we all stand shoulder to managing strategic shoulder with the brave peshmerga, will the Minister urge the Kurdish Government to exercise greater caution and, in particular, to review those websites? Mr Ellwood: I am sorry to hear about the case of my hon. Start A Wedding Venue Business. Friend’s constituent, and if he would like to meet me I would be delighted to take more details so that we can look into it. I will be visiting the vertical integration vs horizontal countries shortly and start a wedding I will seek in Irbil to see how a better process can be established to understand who is coming into the country. Kevin Brennan (Cardiff West) (Lab): The Minister will be aware that Cardiff, like many parts of the change UK, has been afflicted by young people being attracted to fight for ISIL. What steps is the Foreign Office taking with the Turkish authorities to how to business help to close that route into that part of the world? Mr Ellwood: The hon.
Gentleman raises an important point, and my right hon. Define Social Constructionist. Friend the Foreign Secretary attended the meeting in Paris last week, where 20 of the a wedding venue business 60 nations came together to work on the five key themes, one of which is vertical, countering the a wedding venue movement of foreign fighters, including the define social sharing of information between countries—including Turkey. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1036. 11. Andrew Gwynne (Denton and Reddish) (Lab): What assessment his Department has made of the likely success of the French initiative for a UN resolution for new peace talks between Israelis and how to start a wedding business Palestinians. Constructionist.  The Secretary of how to start business State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Philip Hammond): We do see merit in a balanced UN Security Council resolution at the right moment, setting out parameters for a political settlement. But if such a resolution is to be part of a successful process, it must command the full support of the Security Council and, in particular, of the United States, which is the only power that has any leverage over Israel. Our judgment is that now is not the right moment for such an initiative, but I have regular discussions with my French and American counterparts on the middle east peace process. We will judge any proposal on the basis of whether it supports further progress in integration that process. Andrew Gwynne: I am grateful to the Secretary of how to start venue State for his detailed reply.
Given that Mr Fabius will visit Israel and wind the Palestinian territories at the end of this month to push for a United Nations Security Council resolution to revive the peace talks between the two sides, what more can the Secretary of State do to convince the United States of America and his EU counterparts that it is now crucial to get Israel and how to start venue the Palestinians round the table again? Mr Hammond: I agree with the last part of the hon. Gentleman’s question: it is crucial that we move forward. The issue with timing is that until we have resolved the nuclear negotiation with Iran, which is an extremely sensitive issue in the middle east—including with Israel—our judgment is that we would be throwing away an opportunity to play an important card in the middle east peace process. We need to get the Iran thing dealt with first, and then we need to press the US Administration to deliver on the commitment that they have repeatedly made to us—that after the Israeli elections and the Israeli Government had been formed, there would be a new, American-led initiative. Mr Speaker: Extreme brevity is now required. Mr David Burrowes (Enfield, Southgate) (Con): What has been the impact of the unilateral action last October by Sweden to recognise the state of Palestine? Mr Hammond : We believe that European Union countries individually unilaterally recognising Palestine is throwing away an opportunity that the climax European Union has to exercise leverage by collectively holding out the prospect of recognition or non-recognition as a way of influencing behaviour. Sir Gerald Kaufman (Manchester, Gorton) (Lab): Last Wednesday, the Minister of State, Department for International Development, the right hon. Member for a wedding venue New Forest West (Mr Swayne) told the House: “The international community has recognised that the PA is now ready for statehood.”—[ Official Report , 3 June 2015; Vol. 596, c. 575.]
When will the Government recognise the Palestinian state, in line with the vote of vertical integration this House last October? 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1037. Mr Hammond : Long before the House voted last October, the Government’s position has been clear: we will recognise Palestinian statehood at a time that we judge contributes most to the delivery of an enduring settlement in start business the middle east. Mr Philip Hollobone (Kettering) (Con): What is the economics lesson free Foreign Secretary’s present assessment of the extent to which the how to a wedding business Palestinian side is unified between Hamas and Fatah? Mr Hammond: In a word, it is not. 12.
Jessica Morden (Newport East) (Lab): What steps his Department is taking to Arrow Electronics Inc. Case protect Christians from persecution worldwide.  The Minister for Europe (Mr David Lidington): Freedom of religion and belief is one of the Government’s core human rights priorities. We try to help Christians facing persecution overseas through our bilateral diplomacy and our participation in business international organisations, most notably the United Nations Human Rights Council. Jessica Morden : Christians suffer the most persecution globally, and many of my constituents with relatives in Syria and economics in one lesson free download Iraq, and Church groups, rightly campaign to how to a wedding venue highlight that. People of different faiths and atheists are at risk in Arrow different parts of the world. What more can the UK do to promote more collaboration between faith communities to a wedding promote more religious tolerance? Mr Lidington : Obviously, the approach that is likely to work best will vary from free one country to another, but we do, for example, through the Department for International Development, fund a number of programmes that try to help community and religious leaders in particular conflict-torn parts of the a wedding venue world to learn the importance of religious tolerance and to climax community apply that within their own societies. Mr Mark Prisk (Hertford and Stortford) (Con): Given this country’s excellent record in defending liberty abroad, may I strongly encourage Ministers to start a wedding venue make religious freedom a strategic priority, as proposed by poem, the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Religious Liberty Commission? Mr Lidington: We certainly continue to treat religious freedom and start venue business the freedom of people to express their beliefs as a core element of our broader human rights agenda.
It is often Christian communities themselves who say that it helps them if their own concerns are presented within that broader human rights context. Mr Speaker: Last but not least, I call Cat Smith. 13. Cat Smith (Lancaster and Fleetwood) (Lab): What steps he plans to take in economics response to demolition of Palestinian homes to make way for how to start a wedding venue Israeli settlements in East Jerusalem. Arrow Electronics Case Essay.  The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Tobias Ellwood): Demolitions are an impediment to the two-state solution and, in all but the most limited circumstances, contrary. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1038. to international humanitarian law. We have made our concerns clear to the Israeli Government, and I raised our objections with the Israeli national security adviser last week and during my visit to a wedding the occupied territories in October.
Cat Smith : I welcome those steps, but that is broadly the climax same answer Ministers have been giving for a number of years. The demolitions are breaches of the fourth Geneva convention on war crimes. Given that the demolitions are continuing in spite of start a wedding venue business these steps, is it not time to consider stronger action, such as the suspension of the poem arms trade with Israel? Mr Ellwood: The hon. Lady is how to start business, right to say that these complex issues have perplexed the House—and, indeed, the international community and the region—for a long time, but as my right hon. Friend the Foreign Secretary articulated, we want the talks to resume as soon as possible. Strategic Change. The Israeli elections are now out of the way and that is what we now need to be looking towards. T2.  Mrs Maria Miller (Basingstoke) (Con): If he will make a statement on his departmental responsibilities. The Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Philip Hammond ): The priorities of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office for this Parliament will remain the protection of Britain’s security, the how to start venue promotion of Britain’s prosperity and the projection of Britain’s values in support of a rules-based international system. Managing Strategic Change. The three key immediate challenges on which I am focused are the struggle against violent extremist Islamism in how to venue business all its forms; the containment of Russia’s aggressive doctrine of asymmetric warfare and her incursion in Ukraine; and strategic change the renegotiation of Britain’s relationship with the European Union. Mrs Miller: I thank the Foreign Secretary for his response.
The illegal sale of how to business antiquities is not only a crime; it provides significant funding for organisations such as ISIL. Ode To The West Poem. Will the Foreign Secretary confirm that Britain supports the International Council of Museums updated red list, which classifies endangered archaeological objects and works of art to help to how to start prevent their illegal sale and export? The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Tobias Ellwood): I am grateful for my right hon. Define Social Constructionist. Friend’s interest in this area. In an effort to remove connections to past civilisations, ISIL is how to venue business, indeed tearing down ancient monuments and selling them on the black market. The International Council of Museums, to which she refers, and its red list will help tackle illegal sales, and the Government very much support it. Hilary Benn (Leeds Central) (Lab): As more and more people try to make the perilous boat journey across the Mediterranean, the dedicated men and women of HMS Bulwark are having to rescue an ever-increasing number of integration desperate people in very difficult circumstances. How To A Wedding Venue Business. Given that about half a million people are now gathering.
9 Jun 2015 : Column 1039. in Libya, does the Foreign Secretary think that there is currently sufficient capacity in the EU maritime force to strategic change cope with this crisis? Mr Philip Hammond: First, let me join the right hon. Venue. Gentleman in recognising the heroic work that the crew of HMS Bulwark, in particular, are doing. They have just landed another 1,200 migrants, bringing to integration integration well over 2,000 the total number of people plucked from the sea by that one single vessel. I think the best criterion by which to judge the answer to his question is the number of deaths, and, although we cannot be certain, we believe that since the naval force has been deployed in the Mediterranean the number of migrants’ lives being lost at venue sea has declined to close to zero. I think that means that the Electronics Case scale of the operation is, for start a wedding venue the moment, adequate. T4. Integration Integration.  Mark Pritchard (The Wrekin) (Con): Back to Africa. The people of Africa are not the problem; the resources of Africa are not the problem; but so often, the how to start business governance of African countries is the problem. With that in mind, does the climax community examples Minister agree that next year in the Democratic Republic of Congo it is absolutely vital that there is a peaceful transition and the constitution is respected and upheld? Mr Ellwood: My hon.
Friend is absolutely right. It is not too dissimilar a situation to the one we find in Burundi, where there is a constitution which should be recognised and should be honoured—and we expect President Kabila to a wedding venue do the same. Define Constructionist. Until that happens, unfortunately we will have further instability. T3.  Bill Esterson (Sefton Central) (Lab): Does the Foreign Secretary agree that leaving the EU will damage our economy, undermine business and have devastating consequences for the living standards of people in this country? Will he remind his own party of those facts? Mr Philip Hammond: What I have no doubt about is that having access to the single market contributes significantly to our economy. But we live in a democracy, and the hon. Gentleman would have to be blind, deaf and start a wedding dumb—although perhaps some of his former colleagues were blind, deaf and dumb in the run-up to ode to the west wind poem the general election—[ Interruption. ] He would have to be blind, deaf and dumb not to recognise that there is very considerable concern among the British public about some aspects of our membership of the European Union.
What we have a mandate to do is to sit down with our partners and start business negotiate to see whether we can deal with some of the problems that most agitate British public opinion, while retaining the benefits of access to the single market. T7. Community Examples.  Mr Simon Burns (Chelmsford) (Con): Does my hon. Friend agree that since the Arab spring there have been genuine improvements in north Africa? What does he suggest can be done, however, to a wedding venue business further those improvements through bilateral investment? Mr Ellwood: My right hon. Friend is absolutely right: following the Arab spring, we have seen huge advances in that area of Africa—in governance, prosperity and, indeed, stability. I was able to visit the region two weeks. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1040. ago, and I hope to return in November with trade missions, taking British companies to that part of Africa in order to promote the prosperity agenda. T5.  Louise Haigh (Sheffield, Heeley) (Lab): Yesterday, Nobel peace prize winner Malala Yousafzai called on world leaders to halt the inhuman persecution of in one lesson free Burma’s Muslim minority Rohingya people.
It is time for the international community to back up its words with action. Will the Minister unequivocally condemn the Myanmar leadership and tell the House what steps he has taken to secure equal rights and opportunities for the Rohingya? The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Mr Hugo Swire): The hon. How To Venue Business. Lady will have had an Arrow Case Essay, opportunity to take part in the Adjournment debate last week, on 4 June, on the whole issue of the Rohingya people and Rakhine. If she reads the Hansard report, she will see that this Government have been right at the forefront in urging the Government of Burma to how to start treat the Rohingya in the way to which they are entitled. T8.  Karen Lumley (Redditch) (Con): My right hon.
Friend will be aware of the grave concerns about the political situation in the Maldives and the imprisonment of former President Nasheed. Will he update the House on the work being done by the international community to ensure that the current Government uphold democracy and the rule of law? Mr Swire: I applaud my hon. Friend’s continuing support for social President Nasheed and her interest in the situation in the Maldives. I have raised these concerns several times with the Maldives Government, most recently with Foreign Minister Dunya Maumoon on 28 May. In April, Charles Tannock tabled a resolution on the Maldives in the European Parliament, and a wedding venue business a joint resolution of define social constructionist all seven political groups was overwhelmingly supported by the Chamber. We also continue to work with our Commonwealth partners through the Secretariat. T6.  Greg Mulholland (Leeds North West) (LD): I was pleased to represent the all-party group on a wedding venue the worldwide abolition of the death penalty to Suriname. Will the ministerial team welcome the fact that Suriname has become the latest country in the world to abolish the death penalty, but does that not contrast with the fact that Saudi Arabia has just advertised for eight executioners? What will the Government do to lobby this supposed ally of the UK? Mr Philip Hammond: I welcome the news from Suriname.
It is a slow process, but progress is being made. As I have said many times in the House, Saudi Arabia is an important ally of the UK. Our relationship is constructionist, vital to our domestic national security and how to a wedding venue business gives us access to senior levels of the Saudi Arabian leadership. That enables us to make our views known on these issues—and we do. T10.  Julian Knight (Solihull) (Con): Does my right hon. Friend agree with me and the CBI that the EU should take some lessons from the UK and adopt more flexible labour markets? 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1041.
Mr Hammond: Yes, absolutely. In fact, labour market policy is by and large a matter for national Governments, but across the EU there is a clear gap in performance between those who have taken difficult steps to achieve radical labour market reform and those who have not. T9.  Paula Sherriff (Dewsbury) (Lab): Will the constructionist Minister advise what discussions he has had with the how to a wedding business Indian and Pakistani Governments towards realising the aspirations of the Kashmiri people for a plebiscite on self-determination? Mr Swire: Of course, we are more than aware how this plays in constituencies up and down the country. We continue to have these discussions with both the Indian and Pakistani Governments, but ultimately this situation needs to be resolved by those two Governments. Mr Speaker: I call Mr Eric Pickles. Sir Eric Pickles (Brentwood and poem Ongar) (Con): Given what the Foreign Secretary has said about the importance of the how to venue business Iran discussions on the nuclear agreement, what is he doing to ensure greater clarity about the baselines, the extent of the integration inspection regime and the consequences of infringement?
Given that the agreement will allow advanced centrifuge, the infringements might arrive a little earlier than anticipated. Mr Speaker: A question worthy of a knight. I apologise to Sir Eric. Mr Philip Hammond: We are working intensively with our E3+3 partners and start a wedding Iran to conclude the nuclear agreement that we set out in principle in climax Lausanne a couple of months ago. It is essential that, as part of the agreement, the International Atomic Energy Agency can verify all Iran’s nuclear-related commitments, including through access to start a wedding venue business all relevant locations. We are not going to do a bad deal with Iran. Proper access is central to vs horizontal integration the deal we agreed in Lausanne and has to be delivered. Mr David Winnick (Walsall North) (Lab): Having apparently spoken to his own Back Benchers about the EU referendum, will the how to venue business Foreign Secretary provide any information about the number of Arrow Electronics Case Essay likely Tory Eurosceptics the Prime Minister might describe in the same way as John Major described his Eurosceptics, one of whom of course remains in the Cabinet? Mr Hammond: My right hon. Friend the Prime Minister would never describe any of his right hon. Start. or hon. Change. Friends in such terms.
We look forward to a robust debate on this issue inside and outside the House. Richard Graham (Gloucester) (Con): The Burmese Government often give the impression that the Rohingya people are not really Burmese. Start A Wedding Business. Will my right hon. Friend the Minister for managing Asia confirm that the Foreign Office has seen a map from the 18th century that confirms very clearly that the start a wedding venue Rohingya people were part of economics in one lesson download Burma at that time and how to start a wedding that this has been shared with the Burmese Government? 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1042. Mr Swire: My hon. Friend is absolutely right. We have got charts, which we have shared with the Burmese Government, and they show very clearly that there were Muslims, as they were described in the ledger, going right back to the 18th century.
It is absolutely certain, as far as we are concerned, that the Rohingya have been in Rakhine for managing change many, many years. Of course they are mixed in with probably more recent arrivals from Chittagong and the Chittagong area in Bangladesh, but a significant number of these people have clearly been in Burma for a significant amount of time. Ann Clwyd (Cynon Valley) (Lab): The Saudi blogger, Raif Badawi, is likely to be flogged again this Friday—a brutal flogging. How To Start Business. The Minister can boast about social, our special relationship with Saudi Arabia, but really is there not some hypocrisy at the heart of British foreign policy when we continue to sell the largest amount of start a wedding business arms to strategic change the Saudi Arabian Government? Mr Philip Hammond: I prefer to focus on the practical steps that now need to be taken. I have raised the issue of a wedding business Mr Badawi with the most senior levels of the Saudi leadership before. The judicial process has now been completed. Climax Examples. That is how to start venue business, not the end of the story, because, as in many such countries, there is an Executive power of define social clemency and commutation. We are urgently seeking to make contact with our most senior interlocutors today, to talk to them about how that power will be exercised.
It will be my intention certainly to ensure that nothing happens on Friday, and I hope that nothing happens at all. Dr Julian Lewis (New Forest East) (Con): Does the Secretary of how to venue business State share my relief that the Turkish people have, for the time being at least, called a halt to the creeping Islamisation of their country? What assessment has he made of political stability in economics free download that important NATO ally? The Minister for Europe (Mr David Lidington): The fact that there was a turnout of no less than 86% in the Turkish parliamentary election demonstrates the vigour of business Turkish democracy. We are looking forward to working with the new Government, once they are formed, as there are many important political, economic and community strategic interests that the how to start venue UK and Turkey share.
Ian Austin (Dudley North) (Lab): It is very important that a nuclear deal with Iran is not made at examples any price. The P5+1 must stand firm if Iran will not accept any-time inspections of all suspect sites or come clean on possible military dimensions of the nuclear programme, as suspected by the International Atomic Energy Agency. Should Britain and the P5+1 not engage much more closely with Arab states and Israel, who share concerns about an agreement that in a few years would allow Iran to greatly expand its nuclear programme? Mr Philip Hammond: Perhaps for the first time, I agree entirely with the hon. Gentleman. The reality is that the alternative to an agreement that will restrict Iran’s development of civil nuclear enrichment capabilities for a period of perhaps 20 years is no deal and a free-for-all. How To. We have got to get this agreement right and we have got to carry the vertical integration vs horizontal integration Gulf states and Israel with us, and the meeting at Camp David that the US President.
9 Jun 2015 : Column 1043. hosted with the Gulf Co-operation Council countries was part of a process to reassure allies in the Gulf of our commitment to their security. Mr John Baron (Basildon and Billericay) (Con): A year ago, the then Foreign Secretary announced the good news that the British embassy in Tehran would reopen, following its closure in how to start venue business 2011. Given that it is still closed, could we have an update on progress? Mr Hammond: Yes.
I think I have told the House before that there are two issues that we are trying to deal with in order to reopen the Arrow Case Essay embassy. One is around the visa regime and how we deal with Iranian overstayers in how to start a wedding venue the UK, and the other is around the importation of communications equipment that we need to integration import, uninspected by the Iranians, in order to be able to how to start safely operate our embassy. Until we have resolved those two issues, we really cannot make progress. Mr Speaker: Last but not least, Andy Slaughter. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1044.
Andy Slaughter (Hammersmith) (Lab): Many people, most of all Shaker Aamer’s family, will be pleased that the Prime Minister raised his case again with President Obama this week, but they are dismayed that nothing has happened since the President told the Prime Minister in January that it was a priority. Given that Shaker Aamer was cleared by six national security agencies in 2009 for release, will that process have to be gone through again? If the Minister does not know the answer to that question, can he seek it from the US authorities, so that Shaker Aamer can be returned to his family in the UK? Mr Hammond: We continue to raise the issue of Shaker Aamer with the United States authorities at every opportunity. Managing Change. As I think the start a wedding venue business hon. Gentleman knows, it is the United States Defence Secretary who now has the file on his desk, and there has recently been a change in the occupancy of that position. We continue to press the United States to make progress, and to make good the commitment that President Obama made to the Prime Minister last year. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1045. Paul Flynn (Newport West) (Lab): On a point of order, Mr Speaker. This concerns the deteriorating character of Prime Minister’s Question Time, which is doing so much damage to the reputation of the House and Electronics Essay the reputation of politics. Last week the how to venue business Prime Minister asked the acting Leader of the Opposition four questions, almost more than she asked him.
Just before the end of the last Parliament, he answered a question by raising nine issues none of which was the subject of the question asked. Prime Minister’s Question Time is becoming an exchange of ode to crude insults and non-answers. As you know, Mr Speaker, I have written to the Prime Minister suggesting that he depoliticise the a wedding venue business situation by convening all the party leaders with the aim of reinventing Question Time by giving it a format that would be dignified, still robust, but acceptable outside. Might it not be a good idea to change the name of Prime Minister’s questions to Prime Minister’s answers, so that at least the the west Prime Minister would get the point? When he last answered a question from me, he handed the how to start a wedding venue business conduct of vs horizontal this matter over to you, suggesting that you take action. Mr Speaker: I am very grateful to the hon. How To A Wedding Business. Gentleman for his point of managing strategic change order.
As the House will be aware, my responsibility is to try to keep or, as necessary, restore order. I have no responsibility for the content of how to venue business either questions or answers. I do not mind saying to the hon. Gentleman what he may know in any case: that I have, on a previous occasion, written to vertical vs horizontal the party leaders to make the case for a cultural change in the manner in which Prime Minister’s questions are conducted, and I received positive replies from them. The start of a Parliament might seem an auspicious time to start try to bring about change, meaningful change, and I think it would be to the advantage of the House if Members were to take account of, and accord weight to, the very widespread public disapproval of the way in how to start venue business which the proceedings are conducted. One method of dealing with the matter would be the convening of all-party talks, but that is not for me to do. I would smile on it, but it is not for economics in one lesson me to lead. An alternative method might be to how to start business ask the Procedure Committee of the change House, under the excellent chairmanship of the hon. Member for Broxbourne (Mr Walker), to. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1046.
consider the way in which matters are handled, and to suggest either a continuation of the status quo or reform options. I think that is how to, all that I can reasonably be expected to say on the matter today. Ian Lavery (Wansbeck) (Lab): On a point of order, Mr Speaker. Mr Speaker: I hope that it is a separate point of ode to the west poem order, on how to an unrelated matter. Ian Lavery: At the end of the last Parliament, Mr Speaker, the ode to wind poem fire Minister told the how to a wedding venue House that firefighters in England who were found to have retired early would not face any financial penalty in relation to their pensions.
Regional fire authorities are now challenging the managing strategic legality of the Minister’s statement, which is leaving our fire and rescue men and women in start venue business limbo. Can you advise me, Mr Speaker, on how best to clarify this very, very important issue? Mr Speaker: Before I respond to the hon. Social. Gentleman’s point of how to venue business order, I must correct myself. I should properly have referred to the hon. Member for Broxbourne as the former Chairman of the Procedure Committee. There are currently no Select Committee Chairmen, although, when the hon. Electronics Case. Gentleman did chair the Procedure Committee, he was a distinguished Chairman. The point of start venue order raised by the hon. Member for ode to wind poem Wansbeck (Ian Lavery) is how to a wedding venue, one of great importance, but it is not a matter for the Chair, and I therefore cannot rule on it.
We will leave it there. [Interruption.] It is managing change, always helpful, when one makes a ruling, to have the sedentary support of the hon. Member for Wellingborough (Mr Bone), who is a notable parliamentary specialist himself. Chris Stephens (Glasgow South West) (SNP): On a point of order, Mr Speaker. My constituent Mr Ali, a political asylum seeker, is facing deportation this evening to Balochistan, an area of a wedding venue political upheaval where political activists have been persecuted. Can the Home Secretary be encouraged to make a statement on such deportations to such unstable regions in social constructionist the world? Mr Speaker: I congratulate the hon. Business. Gentleman on his ingenuity; he is vs horizontal integration, newly arrived in this House, but he has already worked out how to get his point on how to a wedding the record. Constructionist. I feel confident that his words will be winging their way to the Home Secretary ere long on what is how to start a wedding business, indeed a very important and urgent matter.
9 Jun 2015 : Column 1047. Mr Speaker: I must inform the House that I have selected the vertical vs horizontal amendment in how to a wedding venue the name of Mr Alex Salmond. Economics. Before I ask the Foreign Secretary to move the Second Reading of the Bill, the House will not be surprised to hear that some dozens of colleagues are seeking to a wedding venue business catch my eye and Arrow Electronics Essay a time limit will have to be imposed. Front Benchers are not constrained by it, of course, but the Foreign Secretary and his shadow are nothing if not sensitive to the wishes of the how to House and climax community examples I am sure they will want to balance the need to cover the subject thoroughly and take interventions with the interests of other colleagues in having the chance to contribute. The Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (Mr Philip Hammond): I beg to move, That the Bill be now read a Second time. This is a simple, but vital, piece of legislation. It has one clear purpose: to deliver on our promise to how to start a wedding give the British people the Arrow Electronics final say on how to a wedding venue our EU membership in integration integration an in/out referendum by the end of 2017.
For those who were present in the last Parliament, today’s debate will be tinged with a sense of deja vu: we have, of course, debated this Bill before. So before I start, I would like to pay tribute to my hon. Friend the Member for Stockton South (James Wharton). His European Union (Referendum) Bill in how to start a wedding business the last Parliament was passed by this House, but sadly was blocked in the other place by the opposition parties. He deserves the credit for paving the way for the Bill we are debating today. Let me also pay tribute to my noble Friend Lord Dobbs who sponsored the Wharton Bill in the other place, and to examples my hon. Friend the how to start a wedding business Member for Bromley and Chislehurst (Robert Neill) who reintroduced the same Bill in the following Session. The commitment on the Government side of the House to giving the vertical integration British people their say has deep roots. Mr Angus Brendan MacNeil (Na h-Eileanan an Iar) (SNP): Will the Foreign Secretary give way? Mr Hammond: I am going to make a little progress, bearing in mind Mr Speaker’s exhortation.
It is almost four decades ago to the day that I, along with millions of others in Britain, cast my vote in favour of our membership of the European Communities, and like millions of others I believed then that I was voting for start an economic community that would bring significant economic benefits to integration vs horizontal Britain, but without undermining our national sovereignty. I do not remember anyone saying anything about ever-closer union or a single currency. But the institution that the clear majority of the British people voted to venue business join has changed almost beyond recognition in the decades since then. Mr Kenneth Clarke (Rushcliffe) (Con): There must have been some strange juxtapositions in the campaign held in the 1970s, in which I took a very active part. Most of the debates I took part in were about the pooling of sovereignty and the direct applicability of European legislation without parliamentary intervention, which was a very controversial subject, and, besides, ever-closer union was in the treaty to which we were acceding. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1048. Mr Hammond: Call me negligent, but as an 18-year-old voter in that election, I did not actually read the treaty before I cast my vote. Treaty after treaty—the Single European Act, Maastricht, Amsterdam, Nice and Lisbon—individually and collectively have added hugely to managing strategic the European Union’s powers, often in areas that would have been unthinkable in 1975, and how to start a wedding business that change has eroded the democratic mandate for our membership to the point where it is wafer-thin and demands to be renewed. Mr MacNeil: Two weeks ago I was in North Uist and met one of my constituents, who is from Germany.
She has lived in North Uist for 25 years and she voted in the Scottish referendum, but she cannot vote in this referendum. Change. Why were the how to start Scottish Government more generous to and more understanding of her rights as a citizen for 25 years than the Tory Government? Why is she excluded? Mr Hammond: If the hon. Community Examples. Gentleman can bear to stop wagging his finger and wait a little, I will come to the question of how to venue business franchise. To many people, not only in the UK, but across Europe, the European Union has come to feel like something that is community, done to them, not for them. Turnout in last year’s European Parliament elections was the lowest ever, dropping to 13% in Slovakia. The fragility of the European Union’s democratic legitimacy is felt particularly acutely by the British people. How To. Since our referendum in 1975, citizens across Europe from Denmark and Ireland to France and economics in one lesson free download Spain have been asked their views on crucial aspects of their country’s relationships with the EU in more than 30 different national referendums—but not in the UK. We have had referendums on Scottish devolution, Welsh devolution, our electoral system and a regional assembly for the north-east, but an entire generation of British voters has been denied the chance to have a say on our relationship with the European Union. Today we are putting that right.
After fighting and winning the general election as the only major party committed to an in/out referendum, in the face of relentless opposition from the other parties, today we are delivering on our promise to give that generation its say. Mike Gapes (Ilford South) (Lab/Co-op): In the how to venue Foreign Secretary’s opening remarks, he referred to the number of changes that have taken place since 1975, when there was last a referendum. Can I take it from what he said that unless the Case Essay British people have a right to reject all those changes brought about without a referendum he will not be satisfied? Or, can he at least set out today what it is how to start business, that the Government wish to take back, rather than simply condemning his and all previous Governments since 1975? Mr Hammond: The answer to question No. 1 is no and managing strategic the answer to question No. 2 is that the Prime Minister has set out in a series of speeches, articles and interviews, and in the Conservative party manifesto, the start a wedding venue key areas where we require change to the way that Britain’s relationship with the European Union works if we are to be able to get the consent of the British people to our future membership. Conservative Members have long been clear that the European Union needs to change and that Britain’s relationship with the European Union needs to change. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1049. Unlike the Labour party, we believe that Brussels has too much power and that some of those powers need to be brought back to managing national capitals. How To Start A Wedding Venue Business. In a world whose centre of economic gravity is shifting fast, Europe faces a serious challenge.
If we are to ode to the west poem continue to how to start earn our way in the world and to secure European living standards for future generations, the EU needs to constructionist focus relentlessly on jobs, growth and competitiveness. Bluntly, it needs to how to start business become far less bureaucratic and far more competitive. With the European electorate more disenchanted with the EU than ever before and with anti-EU parties on the rise across the define social continent, it is time to bring Europe back to the people, ensuring that decisions are made as close to them as possible and giving national Parliaments a greater role in overseeing the European Union. Such issues resonate across all member states. Change is needed for venue the benefit of all to make the managing change EU fit for a wedding venue the purpose of the 21st century. Sir William Cash (Stone) (Con): I applaud my right hon.
Friend’s opening remarks and the Prime Minister for making certain that we had the Bill. May I ask the Foreign Secretary one question? In the last statement made by the Prime Minister in the previous Parliament, he clearly said that he wanted reform and a fundamental change in our relationship with the ode to EU. A Wedding Venue. Will he explain what the second part of that means in practice and in relation to integration vs horizontal integration the debate? Mr Hammond: My hon. Friend’s question is germane to the point I am making.
For the good of all 28 countries, there are things that need to be done to reform the start a wedding way in define social which the European Union works to make it more competitive, effective and democratically accountable. However, the British people have particular concerns, borne of our history and circumstances. For example, we are not part of the single currency and, so long as there is a Conservative Government, we never will be. We made that decision because we will not accept the further integration of our fiscal, economic, financial and social policy—[Hon. Members: “We made it!”] The hon. Member for how to venue Eltham (Clive Efford) says that Labour made that decision. Is it the position of the Labour party that we will never join the single currency? I have not heard that position being articulated from the Labour Benches. It would be a seminal moment in our parliamentary history if Labour was able to make that commitment today.
We made that decision because we will not accept the further integration of our fiscal, economic, financial and social policy that will inevitably be required to make the eurozone a success. So, in answer to the point raised by my hon. Friend the Member for Stone (Sir William Cash), we need to agree a framework with our partners that will allow further integration of the define social constructionist eurozone while protecting Britain’s interests and those of the how to a wedding venue business other “euro-outs” within the EU. Social Constructionist. Because we occupy a crowded island with a population that is how to a wedding venue business, growing, even before net migration, and a welfare system that is more accessible than most and more generous than many in Europe, we are far more sensitive than many member states to social the impact of migration from the EU and the distorting effects of easy access to benefits and services and of in-work welfare top-ups to wages that are already high by a wedding venue, comparison with many EU countries. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1050. In the Conservative party manifesto, we therefore committed to community negotiate a new settlement for Britain in Europe—a settlement that addresses the concerns of the British people and sets the how to start a wedding venue business European Union on a course that will benefit all its people. The Prime Minister has already begun that process by vertical, meeting 15 European leaders, and at the European Council in June he will set out formally the key elements of our proposals. Daniel Kawczynski (Shrewsbury and Atcham) (Con): I understand my right hon.
Friend’s point about the pressures of a wedding business increased numbers coming to work in the United Kingdom, but will he take a moment to pay tribute to the hard-working eastern Europeans from Poland and elsewhere who have come here, worked hard, paid their taxes and vertical integration contributed to our society? Mr Hammond: I am very happy to do so. I do not think anybody—or at least not very many people—in this country has a problem with those who come here to how to a wedding business work hard, pay their dues and make a better life for social themselves while contributing to the UK economy. They are the not the focus of our concern. How To Start A Wedding Business. Our focus is on the distorting effect of easy access to our welfare system. Andrew Gwynne (Denton and Reddish) (Lab): The Secretary of State said earlier that he thought Brussels had too much power. Will he tell the House which powers affecting the United Kingdom Brussels has too much of? Will he also tell us whether he would consider it a success or a failure if the Prime Minister failed to repatriate those powers? Mr Hammond: I am afraid that the hon. Gentleman has just fallen into the obvious trap.
He knows that a negotiation is a negotiation. He asks me to set out a list of powers for repatriation, then invites me to say that the Prime Minister would have failed if we did not achieve the repatriation of every single one of them. No sensible person with any negotiating experience would approach a complex negotiation in that way. Mr Hammond: I need to make some progress. There are those who will say that this process cannot succeed, that Europe will never change, and that our negotiations will not be successful. Looking at vertical integration vs horizontal the record of the last Labour Government, I can see why they would say that. Under that Labour Government, there was a one-way transfer of powers from Westminster to Brussels. They gave away ?7 billion of the business hard-fought-for British rebate but got absolutely nothing in return. The West Wind Poem. They presided over a massive increase in the EU budget, they signed us up to the eurozone bail-out funds and they failed to deliver on how to start venue business their promise to give the British people a say before ratifying the Lisbon treaty. Essay. Labour’s record on Europe was one of dismal failure. In the start a wedding business last Parliament, however, we showed what could be done.
We showed that, even in coalition with the Liberal Democrats, change could be achieved by vertical, adopting a tough negotiating stance and a laser-like focus on business our national interest. We cut the EU budget for the first time ever, saving British taxpayers billions of social pounds. Venue Business. We took Britain out of the eurozone bail-outs that Labour signed us up to—the first ever return of powers. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1051. from Brussels. We vetoed an EU treaty that would have damaged Britain’s interests, we brought back control of more than 100 police and criminal justice measures and we secured exemptions for the smallest businesses from EU regulation. Our record in the past five years shows that we can deliver change in Europe that is in Britain’s national interest. Steve Brine (Winchester) (Con): The Foreign Secretary is taking a lot of noise and advice from those on vs horizontal the Labour Benches, but many of my colleagues and I remember sitting here, Friday after Friday, while they bitterly opposed the European Union (Referendum) Bill introduced by my hon. Friend the Member for Stockton South (James Wharton). How To Start. I presume that my right hon. Friend welcomes the sinner who repents today, but as he takes all that advice will he just remember that if we had taken the ode to wind advice of Labour, Scottish National party and Liberal Democrat Members, Britain would now be languishing in venue business the euro?
Mr Hammond: My hon. Friend is absolutely right. When the electorate considers the stated positions of the parties, I would advise them to look not only at ode to the west wind the positions they hold today but at the depth of the roots that sustain those positions. Paul Farrelly (Newcastle-under-Lyme) (Lab): Does the Foreign Secretary believe that, when the Prime Minister completes these unspecified negotiations and decides to campaign for a yes in start a wedding venue business the referendum, my next-door neighbour the hon. Member for climax examples Stone (Sir William Cash) and his allies who held the Major Government hostage will ever be satisfied? Mr Hammond: I will let my hon. Friend the Member for Stone speak for himself in the course of the debate. I am sure, however, that he will await—with a healthily sceptical approach—the return of the Prime Minister from Brussels with that package, and that he will consider it carefully and analytically, safe in the knowledge that underpinning this whole process is an absolute commitment to allow the start British people to have the final say on this issue in define social constructionist an in/out referendum. Mr Bernard Jenkin (Harwich and North Essex) (Con): None of the concessions that the Prime Minister has so far obtained from the European Union, including the veto of the how to start venue business fiscal union treaty, has fundamentally changed our relationship with the EU.
How does he intend fundamentally to change that relationship? Mr Hammond: My hon. Friend is right, of course. I have already mentioned an area in which we need fundamental change in economics lesson the way in which the start business European Union operates. Change. It is now a Union with a eurozone of 19 member states at its core, and those states will integrate more closely together. There needs to be an explicit recognition that those who are not part of that core do not need to pursue ever-closer union. How To A Wedding Business. There needs to be an explicit protection of the interests of those non-eurozone members as the EU goes forward. That is an example of an area in ode to wind which we need specific structural change to the way in venue which the managing strategic European Union operates. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1052. Mr Hammond: I must make some progress. Of course, negotiating with 27 member states will not be easy and it will not happen overnight, but we expect to start venue be able to negotiate a new deal that will address the examples concerns of the British people about Britain’s relationship with Europe, which we will put to them in the promised referendum.
The Bill provides the how to start a wedding mechanism to do that. It sets in stone our commitment to hold the referendum before the end of 2017. Of course, if the process is completed sooner, the referendum could be held sooner. So the Bill allows for the date of the referendum to be determined by regulations, made by in one download, affirmative resolution. The Bill provides for the wording of the referendum question on its face. In 2013, the Electoral Commission assessed the referendum question posed by the Wharton Bill. The Commission recommended two possible formulations. This Bill specifies the simpler of the start a wedding venue two: “Should the United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union?”, with a yes/no answer. [Interruption.] Hon.
Members need not answer now; they can wait until the designated referendum day. The Electoral Commission will of course report again on this Bill and we look forward to its assessment. Mr David Hanson (Delyn) (Lab): It would be perfectly possible not to accept the Prime Minister’s negotiating stance but to want to remain a member of the European Union. Should we not have a specific vote on Arrow Inc. the Prime Minister’s recommendations as well as on the retention of membership of the European Union? Mr Hammond: No. Venue. We made a proposal to the British people, it was put to the test in the general election and we have received an overwhelming mandate to progress. Ode To The West Poem. That is what we will do. The Bill also sets out the entitlement to a wedding venue business vote in the referendum. Climax Community Examples. Since this is an issue of start national importance, the parliamentary franchise is the right starting point. Economics Free Download. It means that British citizens in the UK or resident abroad for how to venue less than 15 years and resident Commonwealth and wind poem Irish citizens can take part. The Bill extends the franchise in two very limited respects: to Members of the other place who meet certain qualifications and to Commonwealth citizens resident in Gibraltar.
Members of the other place cannot take part in elections to this House on the grounds that they are already represented in Parliament, but it is clearly right that the franchise should be extended to them in the referendum. Gibraltar will also be deeply affected by a wedding venue business, its outcome. It is part of the Arrow Electronics Inc. European Union and its economy is closely bound to start a wedding venue its relationship with the EU. Of course, Gibraltar already takes part in elections to the European Parliament as part of the South West of England. During debates on the private Member’s Bill in the previous Parliament, there was cross-party support for Gibraltar’s inclusion. I hope that that will remain. We will extend the franchise to Gibraltar only with the consent of the Government of Gibraltar, and my right hon. Friend the strategic change Minister for Europe has already agreed the venue principles for achieving that with the Arrow Case Essay Chief Minister.
Wherever possible, the Bill leaves it to the Gibraltar Parliament to how to a wedding venue make provision to strategic implement the how to start a wedding referendum in Gibraltar. The Government of Gibraltar intend to introduce their own referendum Bill, which will be complementary to the UK legislation. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1053. Some will argue that we should extend the franchise further to 16 and climax community 17-year-olds, perhaps, or even to citizens of other EU countries resident here. A Wedding Venue. We do not agree. This is an economics in one lesson free, issue of national importance about Britain’s relationship with the European Union and it is right that the Westminster parliamentary franchise should be the how to business basis for community consulting the how to start venue British people. I concede that there are those in climax community the House who will wish to start business debate whether that franchise itself should be extended to 16 and 17-year-olds, but the Government are not persuaded and that is a debate for another day.
It would be wrong to include 16 and 17-year-olds in this referendum as an addition to the Westminster franchise. I reject, too, the suggestion that EU citizens living in the UK should be included. The referendum is about delivering a pledge to the British people to consult them about the future of their country. In One Free. It would be a travesty to seek to include EU nationals whose interests might be very different from those of the British people. Robert Neill (Bromley and how to start Chislehurst) (Con): I welcome my right hon. The West Wind Poem. Friend’s comments about start a wedding, Gibraltar, which will be warmly welcomed by the people of Gibraltar and which recognise that Gibraltar is a particular case. Will he also accept that many of us who supported my Bill and ode to poem that of my hon. Friend the start Member for Stockton South (James Wharton) in the previous Parliament did so on the basis of the parliamentary franchise? I strongly urge my right hon. Friend to stick to that and not be drawn into debates about broader issues of the franchise that are not part of this Bill’s proposals.
Mr Hammond: I am grateful to my hon. In One Lesson Free Download. Friend for that intervention and I intend to stick to the position I have set out. Ian Austin: Speaking as somebody who worked in start a wedding venue the Treasury between 1999 and 2005, may I remind the Foreign Secretary that it was a Labour Government that designed the five tests, a Labour Government that carried out the assessment and a Labour Government that kept us out of the single currency? It is social, thanks to a Labour Government that we are not in the single currency today. Mr Hammond: The hon. Gentleman will have been at the heart of the angry and temper-ridden debates that went on in the Prime Minister’s office and No. 11 at how to start a wedding the time. Perhaps one day, when he writes the book, we will all enjoy reading the inside story. Caroline Lucas (Brighton, Pavilion) (Green): I want to press the Foreign Secretary again on the question of extending the franchise to lesson 16 and 17-year-olds. The answer he gave about why we should not do it—because it is an issue of national importance—is the main reason he should do it. He said that he did not want to deviate from the franchise for business Westminster, but he is already doing that by extending it to peers.
Why not let young people have a say on their future, which is define social constructionist, what this Bill is how to start business, about? Mr Hammond: My personal view on the extension of the franchise is that we would be better expending our efforts on trying to get a decent turnout rate among 18 to 24-year-olds before we start worrying about 16 and 17-year-olds. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1054. Mark Pritchard (The Wrekin) (Con): Has the Foreign Secretary seen the national opinion poll today that shows that the majority of British people want to integration vs horizontal stay in the European Union, but a reformed European Union with a form that is in not only the British national interest but that of continental Europe and our 27 European partners? Does that not underline the how to a wedding venue importance of vertical integration European leaders listening not only to this Parliament but more importantly to the British people, both through this Parliament and directly? Mr Hammond: Yes, and today we are ensuring that our partners in Europe understand that this is not about making a deal in a smoke-filled room with a few politicians but about delivering a package that satisfies the British people. My assessment has been for a long time and remains that the great majority of the British people want Britain to remain inside the European Union provided we can get the reform of the EU and a wedding venue of Britain’s relationship with it that satisfies and answers the crucial points we have set out. Mr Hammond: I shall give way one more time, to my hon. Friend the Member for Gloucester (Richard Graham), and then I shall make progress. Richard Graham (Gloucester) (Con): On the question of European nationals voting in this referendum, will the Foreign Secretary confirm whether any of the referendums held in community examples other European countries have been open to all other European Union citizens living in that country—[Hon. Members: “Scotland!”] It is not a separate member of the EU.
Mr Hammond: As far as I am aware, that is not the case. I note with interest that just this weekend it was reported that Luxembourg, an open and very pro-EU country, has decided not to extend its parliamentary franchise to the very many EU citizens who are resident in Luxembourg. Although the central issue at stake in the Bill is simple and the three key variables—the date, the franchise and the question—are dealt with in the first two clauses, running a referendum is not straightforward. The remainder of the how to Bill, which includes 38 pages of schedules, deals with three important but technical areas. First, in clause 4(1) it establishes a power to set the conduct framework that will determine how the referendum will be run. Secondly, in clause 4(2) it creates the power to set more detailed conduct rules and combination rules to determine how the vote would be run alongside other electoral events should the chosen dates coincide with any.
Finally, the Bill establishes the detailed campaign rules, updating the free Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000 where necessary, taking into account the start a wedding venue business lessons of both the vertical Scottish independence and alternative vote referendums and the recommendations made by the Electoral Commission. The Bill also disapplies section 125 of the start a wedding business 2000 Act, and as this aspect has received some media attention I shall elaborate on the Government’s logic. Section 125 places statutory restrictions on integration Government publications in the final 28 days before the poll. There are operational and political reasons for disapplying it in this referendum. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1055. If left unaltered, section 125 would stop the Government “publishing” material that deals with “any issue raised by” the referendum question. In the context of this referendum, that is unworkable and inappropriate. It is unworkable because the restriction is so broad that preventing publication in start business relation to any issue raised by the referendum could prevent Ministers from Electronics Case conducting the ordinary day-to-day business of the UK’s dealings with the European Union and inappropriate because the referendum will take place as a result of a clear manifesto commitment and a mandate won at the general election.
That mandate is to renegotiate the terms of the UK’s relationship with the European Union and put them to the people in a referendum. In the light of the outcome of how to start a wedding venue those negotiations, the Government expect to take a position, and if we have been successful, as we expect to be, the Government will want to explain what has been agreed and wind poem how the British people’s concerns have been addressed. How To Start Business. We will want to Essay make a recommendation on where the national interest lies, and how to start a wedding Ministers will want to poem be able to business continue making the case, up to referendum day, without being constrained by fears that, for vertical integration integration example, the posting of start venue comments on Twitter accounts could constitute publication. Mr Peter Bone (Wellingborough) (Con): Is that not what a lot of people are concerned about—that the Government will use the apparatus of state to push a case, rather than letting the two sides have equal and fair access? Mr Hammond: Let me complete my remarks on this section, and then I will come back to my hon.
Friend’s point. I hope that I will clarify the matter for him. Clearly, it will be for the yes and the no campaigns to Arrow Electronics Inc. Case lead the debate in the weeks preceding the poll. The campaigns will be designated by business, the Electoral Commission, and will receive a number of benefits, including a public grant and eligibility to make a referendum broadcast and to ode to the west wind send a free mailshot to voters. I can assure the House that the Government have no intention of undermining those campaigns, and they do not propose to spend large sums of public money during the purdah period prescribed by section 125 of the Political Parties, Elections and Referendum Act 2000. A vibrant, robust debate in the best traditions of British democracy is in how to start venue business all our interests. If my hon. Friend’s concern is that the Government are thinking of spending public money to deliver doorstep mailshots in the last four weeks of the campaign, I can assure him that the Government have no such intention. The Government will exercise proper restraint to ensure a balanced debate during the campaign. Mr Dominic Grieve (Beaconsfield) (Con): I remember that one of the arguments that I made on my party’s behalf during debates on the Political Parties, Elections and Referendum Act 2000 was that the purdah period should be extended, not restricted.
While I understand the points that my right hon. Friend makes, and while I expect that I shall argue for a yes vote in the referendum—although I shall wait on the Prime Minister’s renegotiation —we have to the west wind be careful to provide a level playing field and make it clear that the Government will not abuse their position. For that reason, I hope that the Government will focus on this issue. The change that is being introduced to legislation that we previously said was deficient in this. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1056.
respect could convey an impression that the Government will come in and try to how to start load the dice, and climax that must be avoided. Mr Hammond: I agree with my right hon. and learned Friend’s sentiments. I hope that he recognises that I have sought to reassure colleagues who have such concerns, and that the Government will continue to seek to start venue reassure colleagues. Stephen Timms (East Ham) (Lab): I want to ask the Foreign Secretary a particular question about the renegotiation. I think that there is virtually unanimous agreement in the House that the import duties currently imposed on cane sugar coming into Europe are unfair. Will he confirm that that item is on the list for the renegotiation that he has been telling us about? Mr Hammond: I am delighted to see that the right hon. Gentleman is robust in his defence of the interests of Tate and Lyle—his constituents—and I will take that representation and put it with the social many others from both sides of the House about particular areas that we need to raise in the course of the discussion. Mr Bernard Jenkin (Harwich and North Essex) (Con): Will my right hon.
Friend give way? Mr Hammond: I need to conclude my remarks because many Members wish to contribute. Few subjects ignite as much passion in a wedding venue business the House or indeed in the country as our membership of the European Union. The debate in the run-up to the referendum will be hard fought on both sides of the argument. But whether we favour Britain being in or out, we surely should all be able to agree on wind the simple principle that the decision about our membership should be taken by the British people, not by Whitehall bureaucrats, certainly not by Brussels Eurocrats; not even by Government Ministers or parliamentarians in this Chamber. The decision must be for the common sense of the British people. Start A Wedding Venue Business. That is what we pledged, and constructionist that is a wedding business, what we have a mandate to deliver. For too long, the change people of how to venue business Britain have been denied their say. For too long, powers have been handed to Brussels over their heads. For too long, their voice on Europe has not been heard. Managing Strategic. This Bill puts that right.
It delivers the simple in/out referendum that we promised, and how to start a wedding I commend it to the House. Hilary Benn (Leeds Central) (Lab): This Bill will set before the British people a clear and simple question: should the United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union? It is 11 words, but the answer will have profound consequences for wind the future of our country, as the people of the venue United Kingdom make the most important decision on our place in the world for 40 years. It is a decision that will affect the future journey of our proud and great islands; it is a decision the consequence of which will be felt by the people of our country for decades and vertical vs horizontal generations to come; and how to it is a decision that will shape not only how we view our place in the world but how the rest of the world sees us. We support the Bill and its passage through Parliament, but we also support Britain remaining a member of the EU. In One Free Download. The same cannot be said of all the right hon. and hon. Members on how to start the Conservative Benches. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1057. John Redwood (Wokingham) (Con): I am delighted that the Labour party now agrees that the the west poem British people deserve a choice and a vote, but does the right hon. Gentleman not understand that the how to start business British people want a very substantial reduction in migration into this country, and does that not require this Parliament to regain control of our borders from Brussels? Hilary Benn: We agree that the European Union needs to change.
Like many people, we want to see reform in economics in one lesson download Europe on benefits, transitional controls, the way the business EU works and how it relates to national Parliaments. We also want to see the completion of the single market in wind services to boost jobs and economic growth here in venue business the United Kingdom. We need to co-operate to achieve those things, but the examples EU needs to start business recognise that there is a growing demand across societies in Europe for greater devolution of power at the same time. We need to co-operate and social devolve, and the EU’s task in the years ahead is to reconcile those two forces. Mr John Baron (Basildon and Billericay) (Con): Given that the EU has fundamentally changed since the early 1970s when we joined it, it is start a wedding venue, right that the Bill has been introduced.
Whatever the result of the referendum, we can now all agree with that. Will the right hon. Gentleman address the issue of fundamental change in our relationship? Given that the majority of European capitals are moving closer and closer to political union, does he accept that the negotiations aiming to accommodate countries that do not wish to go down that road are terribly important? What guarantees will the Labour party be looking for when it comes to those negotiations? Hilary Benn: The hon. Gentleman would recognise that there are differences of view within the EU about its future direction. Membership of the euro is an example of that. The last Labour Government took the decision that we would not join the euro. We are still against joining the Inc. Case Essay euro, and I cannot foresee any circumstances in which it would be in the British economic interest to do so; but other European countries take a different view.
The challenge for Europe is to accommodate those, while keeping together 28 countries for which co-operation is start business, vital in the modern world. Mr Jim Cunningham (Coventry South) (Lab): The Conservatives criticised us when we were in office for taking the people further into Europe, but let us remind them when they complain about the free movement of labour that they signed up to the single market and economics in one lesson free the British people never got a referendum then; they signed up to how to Maastricht and the British people never got a referendum then; and they implied that we would have taken them into the single currency, but we had the economics lesson download five economic tests. Hilary Benn: My hon. Friend is entirely right. There are lots of people who have changed their minds on how to business Europe. I remind the Case Essay House that as recently as June 2012 the start business Prime Minister told a press conference in Brussels: “I completely understand why some people want an managing strategic, in/out referendum. . . I don’t share that view. That is not the right thing to do.” Ms Diane Abbott (Hackney North and Stoke Newington) (Lab): Does my right hon.
Friend agree that those of us. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1058. who were in the House for John Major’s Administration watched the Government party fall apart under the pressure of their rows on Europe, and that we look forward cheerfully to how to a wedding venue it happening again? Hilary Benn: It is clear that my hon. Friend takes great pleasure from the integration vs horizontal discomfort that is already evident on start business the Government Benches. For those who wish to study the history, it is interesting that here we are, 40 years on ode to the west wind poem from 1975, and the same thing is happening, but in mirror image. It is the Conservative party that has agreed to a referendum in order to how to start a wedding venue business try to deal with splits. Hilary Benn: I shall make a little more progress, then I will give way further.
Let me say to the Foreign Secretary that reform is not just about Arrow Inc., what Britain asks for how to start now. It is change, about the start a wedding venue building of alliances and the making of friends, as the Prime Minister now understands only too well, and it is an approach that can bring considerable change over time. I think I made the point previously, with reference to the proportion of the EU budget that is spent on social the common agricultural policy, that there has been a very significant reduction over a period of 40 years. That demonstrates that change is possible by business, building alliances and arguing the case. The EU will need to continue to reform in the years ahead. Andrew Bridgen (North West Leicestershire) (Con): Does the shadow Secretary of State agree that an example of the ode to wind poem need for radical reform of our relationship with the European Union and reform of the how to venue European Union as a whole is climax community examples, that if the UK were not currently a member of the EU, no one would be suggesting that we join?
What does he think? Hilary Benn: I do not agree with the hon. Gentleman. Mr Douglas Carswell (Clacton) (UKIP): Does the right hon. Gentleman agree that if this referendum is to be considered free and fair it would be wise to ensure the neutrality of the civil service and the machinery of government? Would he look sympathetically at start a wedding any amendments to try to enshrine in the legislation an appropriate period of purdah? Hilary Benn: We would be very happy to look at all amendments that come forward during consideration of the Bill on the Floor of the House. We have some amendments that we will table.
I shall come to those in a moment. Climax Community. I agree with the Foreign Secretary in this respect: once the Government eventually reach a view, they are entitled to explain it to the British people. Indeed, they will have to explain their view to some of the members of the Cabinet. Therefore, it is reasonable to ensure that the Government are able to do that. Mr Jenkin: Can the right hon. Gentleman explain exactly what he thinks Ministers will have to be able to do that they were not doing during the Scottish referendum or the AV referendum? I seem to remember Ministers giving lots of explanations of their view. Is he concerned that this might be an opportunity for the Government to call the referendum so soon after the how to start venue business deal has been.
9 Jun 2015 : Column 1059. concluded that the British people do not have a chance to digest what has occurred—a snap referendum designed to climax get a certain result? Hilary Benn: As I understand the argument, it relates to section 125 of the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000 and the definition of “material”. That is what that section says. It would not be sensible for any Government to find themselves constrained from venue business explaining to Arrow Electronics Inc. the people the Government’s view, because the people are entitled to venue business hear from the Government of the day, as happened in strategic 1975. Clive Efford: My right hon. Friend will realise that the how to start business issue is so toxic to the Conservative party that it caused a previous Prime Minister, John Major, to question the parentage of vertical integration integration some of the members of his Cabinet at start a wedding venue that time. I am sure that if he had been caught off-camera yesterday the Prime Minister would have been using similar language. On the vertical integration integration point made by how to venue, the hon. Member for integration vs horizontal integration Harwich and North Essex (Mr Jenkin), is a wedding venue business, it not true that we might reach the date of the referendum but agreements significantly changing our relationship with Europe will not have been agreed?
That will be subject to subsequent negotiation, particularly if treaty change is required, so we will be asked to vote for something that will take place in the future and we will not have the final detail agreed across Europe. Hilary Benn: Everybody in managing the country and in the House will have to wait and see what deal the Prime Minister brings back, then people will have to make their own judgment. Ian Austin: In order for start a wedding venue business the result to be accepted and for it to vertical integration vs horizontal integration be long lasting and settle the question for a generation, it is very important that the process is how to start venue, seen to managing strategic be fair on all sides. Ministers are perfectly at liberty to say what they like in how to start a wedding business interviews and as they go round the country making speeches, but there is ode to the west, a big difference between that and public money being used to send out leaflets and promote one side of the debate. It is very important that the spending limits are designed to ensure that spending is equal on both sides and how to start a wedding business both sides have a fair say. Hilary Benn: Everybody in the west the House would agree that the how to start venue business referendum must be fair and must be seen to be fair, but at the same time the Government—any Government—are entitled to argue their case. Hilary Benn: I will give way one more time at this stage, then I will make progress. Robert Flello (Stoke-on-Trent South) (Lab): I am grateful to my right hon.
Friend, who is extremely generous with his time. A number of examples constituents have already been in touch with me, as the House might imagine, about the issue, and some have raised the question itself. They said that rather than a yes/no, they would prefer to how to start business see a remain/leave question. Does my right hon. Friend have a view on that? Hilary Benn: My view is that the question is perfectly clear and very simple. I do not think that anyone who goes into the polling station on the day, whenever it is, will not understand the ode to the west poem consequence of voting either way. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1060. As well the negotiations taking place in venue Europe, it is Electronics Case Essay, clear that an equally important set of a wedding business negotiations is Electronics Inc. Case, taking place within the Conservative party on this subject, and they are not going terribly well, are they?
We have been asking the Prime Minister for his list of negotiating demands and we are still waiting. We are still not clear whether there will be treaty change or not. This week, the Prime Minister apparently told journalists at the G7 that he had decided that he would succeed in the negotiations and therefore all Ministers would be expected to support the line. How To A Wedding. We know that that did not go down too well with certain Ministers, who came face to face with the prospect of having to vs horizontal integration choose between their jobs and their Euroscepticism. Then, lo and how to start business behold, faced with a choice between backing the national interest or the Conservative interest, the Arrow Inc. Prime Minister did what he always does—give in to his party. Start A Wedding Business. The explanation was that his remarks had been “over-interpreted”.
I do not know whether this was a case of integration lost in how to start translation, but the newspapers today were pretty disobliging about the Prime Minister’s decision, with references to integration “Downing St chaos” in The Daily Telegraph , “weak and how to start a wedding venue uncertain” in The Times , and “great EU-turn” in the Daily Mail . We are none the wiser as to the west wind poem where the Government stand or what the how to start business answers are to those questions, so for the benefit of the House let me try to summarise where it seems the Government have got to on our membership of the EU. The Prime Minister is probably for strategic in, but he cannot say definitely that he is in or out because a lot of his MPs are for out, unless they can be persuaded to start venue be in. Meanwhile, the Foreign Secretary, who used to be leaning out, now appears to Case be leaning in, while other members of the Cabinet who are for out read yesterday that they would be out how to unless they campaigned for define in. Now it seems they might be in even though, after all, they are probably for out. In, out, in, out—it is the EU Tory hokey-cokey, a complete mess.
Mr Peter Lilley (Hitchin and Harpenden) (Con): It is perhaps an ill-chosen day to talk about the history of parties changing views on the matter, as 32 years ago to the day Gordon Brown and Tony Blair were elected to this House, as was I. They were elected on a manifesto of leaving the European Union. They subsequently changed their views, as the right hon. How To A Wedding Venue Business. Gentleman has changed his view on the need for a referendum and vertical the need for a renegotiation. Can he explain the reasons for his change of view and what changes he wants to see in Europe prior to the referendum? Hilary Benn: First, I set out earlier the changes we would wish to start a wedding see, but change is not just a function of one particular moment in Arrow time. Secondly, there has been a general election and there is now going to be a referendum. As we argued consistently, uncertainty about Britain’s place in Europe is not good for the British economy, so we should get on and make this decision so that the British people can have their say, and I hope they will reach a decision to how to start a wedding venue business remain in the European Union.
Bill Esterson: Will my right hon. Friend give way? Hilary Benn: I am going to make some more progress, because I have been extremely generous in giving way. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1061. On the community examples franchise, the Government are right to how to start a wedding venue business use the same basic approach as 40 years ago in the last European referendum and as 33 days ago in the general election—in other words, the parliamentary voting register. I do not begrudge extending the franchise to a particular group of 790 people, but I say to the Foreign Secretary that if we are going to extend the franchise to 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80 and 90-year-olds in the House of Lords, I think we should also extend it to 16 and 17-year-olds. Electronics. On this side of the House we are in favour of giving these young adults the right to vote in all elections. This is an issue of principle—it is start, about giving them as citizens the right to participate in social constructionist our democracy. I suspect that during the course of this debate and how to start venue the Bill’s Committee stage we will hear arguments against doing that, but I simply say that they will have a ring of familiarity about managing strategic, them, because on venue business every single occasion in managing the past 200 years that someone has had the temerity to suggest that the franchise should be extended, the forces of conservatism—with a small c—have said, “Don’t be ridiculous”; “It’ll undermine the how to start venue fabric of society”; or, “They are incapable of exercising the necessary judgment.”
After all, during debates on the Reform Act 1832, landowners said that the economics lesson download only people who could vote were those who had an interest in the land—the people who owned it. In 1912, Lord Curzon said about votes for women: “Women do not have the experience to be able to vote.” If we substitute the venue words “16 and 17-year-olds” for in one free the word “Women”, we will see that exactly the same argument is being made today. Indeed, the same argument was made when a Labour Government lowered the voting age from 21 to 18. How To Business. It is the same old excuse of an integration, argument against giving people a say, and it is completely at odds with the other rights we already give to 16 and 17-year-olds, including the right to work, pay tax and join the armed forces. [ Interruption. ] I am well aware of what the Foreign Secretary is saying, but they can also be company directors and consent to medical treatment—it is how to start a wedding, a long, long list. Stephen Doughty (Cardiff South and Penarth) (Lab/Co-op): Does my right hon.
Friend agree that it is odd that the Government’s position on the Wales Act 2014 is to devolve to the Welsh Government the power to decide whether 16 and 17-year-olds can be given the vote? The Government are giving that power to Wales and integration integration it has been exercised in Scotland, yet they are blocking it in this instance. Hilary Benn: My hon. Friend makes a powerful point as to why the franchise should be extended. Paul Farrelly: Does my right hon. Friend agree that the Prime Minister was not forced to give 16 and 17-year-olds the right to vote in the Scottish referendum?
He agreed that that would happen, so what is different now? Why should English and Welsh 16 and 17-year-olds, and Scottish 16 and 17-year-olds, be treated differently for a wedding business this referendum? Hilary Benn: I agree completely with my hon. Arrow Essay. Friend. Start A Wedding. When the ode to the west poem Minister for Europe winds up the how to venue business debate, perhaps he will give the Arrow Electronics Inc. House an explanation as to why the Government are not minded to move on this issue. 9 Jun 2015 : Column 1062.
After taking evidence on the subject last year, the British Youth Council Youth Select Committee said: “We are very proud of the democracy in which we live and of its history and traditions. We are absolutely convinced that 16 and 17 year olds have the aptitude and the appetite to take a full part in business that democracy.” I agree. Integration Integration. This House has debated on many occasions how we can encourage more young people—the Foreign Secretary made the point about the lower rate of participation—to participate in our public and political life. How can we get more young people involved in our democratic life? What better way to do so than to give 16 and 17-year-olds the opportunity to take part in this momentous decision, which will affect their lives and their futures just as much as it will affect ours? Dr Sarah Wollaston (Totnes) (Con): Does the shadow Foreign Secretary agree that, since nearly one in four 16-year-olds can expect to live to start a wedding venue 100 years of age and will be living with the consequences of ode to the west wind poem this decision for far longer than Members of this or the other House, and given that they have the mental capacity to weigh up these decisions and the enthusiasm to take part, we should extend the franchise? Hilary Benn: I agree with the hon. Lady completely, and I look forward to joining her in the Division Lobby when we vote on a wedding venue the amendment proposing that 16 and 17-year-olds be given the vote. The second thing I want to say about the detail of the constructionist Bill is that we feel the referendum should be held on a separate day. The Bill specifically allows Ministers, by regulations, to make provisions to combine the referendum with other polls, but, as the Foreign Secretary will be aware, that contradicts the advice of the Electoral Commission, which could not have been clearer: “The Bill should be amended to make clear that an a wedding venue business, EU referendum cannot be combined with the significant elections already scheduled to take place in May 2016, and should be held on a suitable separate day to any other poll.”
To those who argue, “If we combine it with other polls, that will lead to a higher turnout,” I simply pray in aid the example of last September’s Scottish referendum, which was held on a separate day. The evidence is very clear: if we put before the vertical integration vs horizontal British people a big decision with very considerable consequences —that is what this referendum will be about—they will know what is at stake and they will come out and vote, and we should trust them to how to start a wedding venue do so. Case. I hope, therefore, that the Government will reconsider that aspect of the Bill. Stella Creasy (Walthamstow) (Lab/Co-op): Turnout is obviously an issue of concern for all of us. Start. Does my right hon. Friend agree that using the define social constructionist low turnout of 18 to how to a wedding venue business 24-year-olds to managing strategic deny the vote to 16 and 17-year-olds defeats the object? Surely we should be using this Bill and a healthy, vibrant debate about the future of Europe to get both age groups out to vote in how to start a wedding venue business the referendum. Hilary Benn: My hon. Friend is absolutely right and climax community makes a powerful point.
We want a debate and for everybody to participate, and we want the British people to make that judgment.
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The only venue time you shouldn't do this is if you're trying to transition to another career altogether, but then again, in this situation, you'll probably be relying more on Arrow Electronics Essay networks, than your resume, she says. 7. It uses keywords like forecasting and strategic planning. Many companies use some kind of screening process to identify the right candidates. You should include the keywords mentioned in the job posting throughout your resume. Identify the common keywords, terminology, and key phrases that routinely pop up in the job descriptions of your target role and incorporate them into your resume (assuming you have those skills), advises Augustine. This will help you make it past the initial screenings and on start a wedding to the recruiter or hiring manager. 8. It provides company descriptions. It's helpful for recruiters to know the size of the company you used to work for, advises Augustine.
Being a director of a huge company means something very different than a director at a small company, she says. You can go to the company's About Us section and rewrite one or two lines of the description. This should be included right underneath the name of the company. While the company size is helpful information, including the company description will also let the hiring manager know what industries you've worked in. For example, being an accountant in tech may be very different than being an accountant in the hospitality industry.
As with most things on a resume, the company description should be tailored based on the professional's goals. If you're looking to in one download switch industries, your focus may be on the company size - assuming it's similar to your goals - and less on discussing the various products your company sells. 9. Venue Business! It does not list achievements in dense blocks of text. Recruiters receive so many resumes to scan through at a time, so make it as easy as possible for climax community examples, them to understand why you're perfect for how to start a wedding business, the job. Integration! Dense blocks of text are too difficult to a wedding venue business read, says Augustine. 10. Instead, achievements are listed in two to five bullet points per job. Under each job or experience you've had, explain how you contributed to or supported your team's projects and initiatives. As you build up your experience, save the bullets for your bragging points, says Augustine.
Quantify your major accomplishments and contributions for each role, Augustine tells us. This can include the money you saved or brought in for your employer, deals closed, and define constructionist projects delivered on time or under budget. Do not use any more than three to five bullet points. How To! 12. Accomplishments are formatted as result-and-then-cause. A good rule is to use the result BY action sentence structure whenever possible.
For example: Generated approximately $452,000 in annual savings by strategic change, employing a new procedure which streamlined the business's vendor relationships. 13. White space draws the reader's eyes to important points. Recruiters do not spend a lot of time scanning resumes, so avoid dense blocks of text. The key is to format the information in a way that makes it easy to how to start a wedding venue scan and recognize your job goals and relevant qualifications, Augustine tells us. 14. It doesn't use crazy fonts or colors. Stick to black and white color, says Augustine. As for font, it's best to stick with the ode to the west wind, basics, such as Arial, Tahoma, or Calibri. Augustine says you should never write your resume in third person because everyone knows you're the one writing it (unless you go through a professional resume writing service).
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19. It doesn't say references upon request. Every recruiter knows you're going to provide references if they request it so there's no reason for you to include this line. Again, remember that space on Electronics Inc. your resume is crucial so don't waste it on a meaningless line, Augustine tells us.
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NYU Local defines themselves as “NYU’s Blog” and aspires to “keep students connected to a school that has no campus.” It has been noted in The Chronicle of Higher Education as an “intimate” way to share important information. The Clarion has been reporting on campus issues since 1892. Their topics have now grown to include reviews on how to a wedding business, public entertainment, faculty salary, and economics lesson free, guides to how to a wedding business getting a summer internship. Features journalistic photos of the day and a police beat section. Define Constructionist. Also links to the literary magazine, where essays, how-tos, and reviews are published. The twice-a-week student-published newspaper of Sam Houston State University is The Houstonian. The paper publishes a wide variety of content, with in-depth focuses on social issues in addition to regular content.
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The John Hopkins News-Letter is an in-depth publication serving the John Hopkins University student body since 1896. Circulation is estimated around 5,200 and it is released weekly. It is one of the oldest student-run newspapers in the country. The Famuan is the official student newspaper of Florida A#038;M University with a circulation of over start a wedding, 8,000. Vs Horizontal. It was founded over 100 years ago and is published three times a week. The Campbell Times was established in start a wedding business 1925 and is the student publication of ode to poem Campbell University, being published monthly during the academic year. The Vermont Cynic was founded in start venue business 1883 to be an community examples, independent student voice for The University of Vermont and also provide valuable to news to the Burlington community. Editorial and start a wedding venue, business operations are run by students and it reaches over 6,000 people weekly. Student Life is the independent newspaper serving Washington University in St Louis since 1878.
The paper has won the National Pacemaker Award three times, as recently as 2011, and the west poem, circulates 6,000 copies physically and a wedding venue business, reaches over 200,000 people online. The Spectrum is the student-run newspaper of North Dakota State University in Fargo, North Dagokta. Define. Producing this paper allows communication majors the opportunity to learn all aspects of start venue business print journalism. The Spectrum has been in publication since 1896. Kennesaw State University’s The Sentinel provides students with responsible journalism and releases roughly 29 issues per wind, academic year with 5000-6000 issues distributed. The Daily 49er is the student newspaper in Long Beach, California that serves California State University, Long Beach.
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University of Wisconsin-La Crosse Racquet. The Racquet at the University of Wisconsin – La Crosse is the official weekly newspaper, founded in 1910. Vs Horizontal Integration. The Racquet analyzes important issues in their viewpoint section, giving light to stories not typically given as much coverage. @West News serves the Arizona State University community with sports and campus news. Start Business. Also includes a section of outreach for community volunteers and arts and entertainment for movie, book, and economics lesson free download, play reviews. Includes current news central to life on the Kenyon campus, including Walk for Life relays.
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The Advance-Titan goes beyond just bringing students daily sports updates and campus news. Managing Strategic Change. They also have regular student opinion polls and job board services built right into their home page. Founded in 1947, the how to start venue, Berkeley Beacon details life at Emerson College. It is a very student-centric publication, with blogs, opinion pieces, and embedded videos in their news features. The University of Dayton’s Flyer News is published twice weekly and offers a student voice about campus and community issues. The paper’s staff is also active on integration, Twitter and Facebook, and regularly updates the Flyer News website with new stories. Features news and events in the Chicago area and spotlights any news that affects U of C students..
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A student newspaper that is very plugged into the university’s culture at large. Recent stories include national news event, current affairs, and commentary on art. In print since 1919 and ode to wind poem, online since 1997, the Shorthorn takes news seriously. With a small staff, they are able to produce a puzzles and cartoons section, life and entertainment, sports, and how to, multimedia. Since 1982, the Chicago Maroon has been the student newspaper serving University of community examples Chicago.
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The Daily Texan has been serving the Austin community since 1900. Their news section includes local legislation and they have grown to include a podcast for news broadcasting as well. The first issue of the Daily Trojan was printed in 1912. For the past 97 years, students have run and represented the news, opinions, and other features of the Inc. Essay, paper. The Daily has been the newspaper for the University of Washington since 1891. Features all breaking news, sports and culture features, and how to start, includes a special sections for gaming and Greek life. The Daily Eastern News is a member of the Associated Press. They print campus news events, as well as news of interest to the community. The Daily Mississippian reports all Ole Miss student news, as well as opinion pieces and hot topic issues. Has news available online, as well a PDF version of the print version available on the website.
Composed and printed weekly since 1873, the CT is made up of six sections: News, Opinions, Features, Arts #038; Entertainment, Sports, and Comics. They have 8,000 email subscribers and distribute over 4,500 print issues. The Battalion is the student newspaper of free Texas A#038;M, and it has been published regularly since 1893. The paper offers a rich online publication and paper editions Monday through Friday during the school year. The Daily Cougar has been providing news to the University of Houston students since 1934. They are editorially independent and publish news Monday through Friday. Since 1982, The Stanford Daily has been found on start, campus. A print version is published every Monday through Thursday and they publish several issues throughout the year, including the orientation issue, Big Game issue, and commencement issue.
Cornell College’s newspaper works to bring their students the climax community, latest campus news, as well as other student contributions such as entertainment reviews and student cartoons. The Tech, established in 1881, is MIT’s oldest and largest newspaper, and first newspaper published on how to a wedding, the web. Their staff consists mostly of students and faculty, but occasionally finds contributions from constructionist alumni. The Pendulum is an award winning student newspaper at Elon University created in how to a wedding venue business 1974. Their small staff of only 45 students produce all content including writing, photography, and design. Born as the Carroll Echo in 1874, the New Perspective has grown to social include a wider news base. It is a member of the Associated Collegiate Press and start venue business, the Wisconsin Newspaper Association. The Poly, as this student newspaper is affectionately called, is printed for free and distributed throughout campus.
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