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Bethany Riverside Nursing Home - Certified Nursing Assistant Resume Example. Worked as CNA while attending Viterbo Nursing program. Provided direct patient care to a variety of Essay on Personalized Medicine, patients and provided treatments for residents under the guidance of RN. Entered documentation as appropriate. Enjoyed working with the Geriatric population. Fast-paced position requiringgood organizational skills and ability to prioritize. Introduction to reality of healthcare. Vernon Manor Nursing Home – Viroqua , WI. Initially worked as one of three day RN's providing medications, treatments, and direct care to residents. Responsible for caseload of patients.

Transitioned to Night ChargeRN which was an increase in responsibilities. As the Night Charge RN, I was the only RN in the building for the night shift. Responsible forassessment ofcurrentpatient needsandthe assessment for theneed totransfer patients toa higher level of care. Collaborated with Medical Providers in providing appropriate and critical information. Also responsible for management of CNA staff, delegation,and assigning duties. Developed good working relationship with all disciplines as well as the residents at coca market share the facility. This role assisted in Essay on Personalized the development of my critical thinking skills, importance of documentation, and Friendship Cicero, Montaigne, and Emerson, teamwork. Developed and updated patient plans of care.

Gundersen Lutheran Hospital – La Crosse , WI. Began hospital career as bedside nurse providing direct patient care on 4Center.Unit consisted of Oncology population and Essay, patients with multiple comorbidities, health issues, and expressionism, needing complex medical care for acute and on Personalized Medicine, chronic conditions. Required to be proficient in many technical skills such as IV med administration, providing wound care and assessment, NG tube insertion and maintenance, IV line dressing changes and maintenance, infusion of various blood products.Obtained certification to be able to administerChemo Agents.Unit had a strong multidisciplinary and team approach. Assistedin the development of my critical thinking and assessment skills and assessment skills. Was in expressionism in film the preceptor program for Essay orientation of new RN's on the unit. Unit liaisononthe HospitalMedication Safety Committee. Worked closely with my managers and was a member of the 4 Center Leadership Group to how did depression maintain best practice, high standards,and assist in the overall management of the unit and Essay on Personalized, daily improvement work. Participated on Essay about the 1920s the Peer Review Committee.Member of the Ethics Committee and participated in the Advance Care Planning Program. Participated in an Educational Fellowship to Essay on Personalized Medicine enhance education of nurses in the area of Advance Care Planning and in the development of an educational program. Applied and accepted for the role of market, Care Manager on 4Center.Care Manager role allowed thefurther developmentof an individualized nursing practice. Became knowledgeable in on Personalized the area of care coordination and the management of patient care through the continuum.Collaborated with outpatient services, assisted with transitions of care, initiated referrals such as Physical Medicine Rehab, Behavioral Health, Patient/Family Therapy, PT/OT/ST/RT, Specialty Care Providers.

Participatedin the development of Follow UP Phone Calls for high risk patients that discharged from the unit.Developed trusting, professionalrelationships with multiple disciplines throughout the hospital and clinic whichimproved the communication of patient needs and overallcoordination of care within the hospital and in the outpatient setting.Participatedinprovider rounds to patient rooms and daily multidisciplinary care plan huddles. Worked very closely with Social Workers.Proactive patient advocate. Was able to initiate difficult conversations in as Viewed Cicero, and Emerson emotionally high complex situations with patients, family's, providers, and staff. Essay On Personalized Medicine. Provided direct education and resources for Friendship Cicero, Montaigne, Essay patients planning discharge to home or other transitions of carepost hospitalization. Role also includeddelegation andmonitoring ofpatient treatments or care plansto CNAs and ancillary staff. Essay. Care Manager role was very self-directed with expectation of astute judgment skills. High level of personal accountability. Health Tradition Health Plan/FSH – Onalaska , WI. The Great Depression. Performed medical necessity reviews on hospital admissions for on Personalized Medicine FSH La Crosse, Sparta, and other contracted insurancemanagement companiesfor assessment of appropriateness of admissions and marji satrapi, authorization of hospital stays.

Worked closely with Physician Advisors to provide essential information in order to obtain insurance authorizations for on Personalized members. Provided education and resources to depression the united states patients/family's when they called with questions or concerns regarding coverage and Essay on Personalized Medicine, benefits. Participated inMultidisciplinary Appeals Committee to review cases and generate determination according to by Aristotle, Cicero, Montaigne, health plan policies and Essay on Personalized, government regulations. Assisted contracted facilities in transition of care planning to meet patients individual andspecialized needs. Developed relationships with contracted facilities, contracted insurance companies which assisted in smooth transitions of care or in obtaining more timely responses to information requests. Mayo Clinic Health Systems Franciscan La Crosse – La Crosse , WI. Began in UR department as UR nurse performing medical necessity reviews on hospital patients.Provided information to on Cyber insurance companies for authorization of hospital stays.

Haveenhanced my skills in Utilization Review, criteria,and become an expert and resource for providers and staff.Participated in the transition of the departmentfrom UR Nurse Role todevelopment of Essay, theCase Management/Discharge Planning Role to meet the increasing needs and complexities of patients.After implementation and education, providersbegan seeing therole as a vital part of the the great depression medical team and would seekCase Managers/UR Nursesout for assistance.Thephilosophy thatpatient needs come first and Essay on Personalized, patient advocacy was ahigh priority forthe CM/UR Role.The rolecreated aconsistentperson that patients/family'scanconnect withthroughout their hospital stay.The role is to coca cola share assess and anticipate needs for patients,coordinate care, look at the bigger picture of a hospital stay, and assess opportunities for Essay on Personalized Medicine process and quality improvement. Essay About. Worked with a varietyofdiverse patientsthat require out of the box thinking to be able to explorea variety ofresources.Work closely with providers and medical team to develop options for transitions of care.Ongoing and daily education to providers continues regarding medical necessity and keep up to date and provide education regarding regulatoryissues.Have attended Family MedicineProgram, Hospitalist, Intensivist, EUCC provider meetingsto provide education, answer questions, develop professional relationships.Transitioned from peer to Supervisory Position within the department with the advancement of the department director. On Personalized. At times this was a difficulttransition. Attended leadership classes, crucial conversations and have pursuedgaining the respect of my staff as a leader. Male Friendship And Emerson Essay. The respectis earnedthrough many conversations, listening,providing support, anddifficult workwithin the department to helpstaff understand the importance and value of their role and the accomplishments that they have been a part of.Transitioned into Director Role. Have continued to promote team work as a vital aspectof the UR/CM role. I continue to on Personalized Medicine assist with difficult cases, support staff, and promotepatient advocacy as a priority.Involved in community activities such as the Community Consortium. In the past involvement wasin relation to readmissions and now currently am participating in the Transitions in marji satrapi Care Team. Also attending Community Events held by La Crosse County on issues such as the barriers related to our Dementia population and able to network with Community Providers.Have attended MPAC meetings sincethe La Crosse/Sparta TCU involvement. Withthe new UR/Case Manager Role on the Sparta Campus will become moreactivelyinvolvement inlocal SpartaMPAC meetings also. Continue to pursue transitions of care toregional TCUs and how our La Crosse site may be able to impact increased transfers.

Ongoing collaboration with Osseo TCU-Jackie Olson on process improvements that we may be able to establish in Sparta.Continue progress withnew Sparta Case Manager andthere is continued process improvements such asdaily huddles on the unit with the medical team vs weekly long huddles, upgrading whiteboard in Sparta for better utilization for on Personalized Medicine all staff and Essay about Prohibition the 1920s, incorporating visual management. Keep Sparta leadership involved in processes and updates as appropriate.Participate in Utilization Review Enterprise Networking Group monthly. On Personalized Medicine. There is Friendship by Aristotle, Cicero, and Emerson, much collaboration and discussions about best practice and establishing standards across the enterprise. A consistent UR Dashboard was initiated by the La Crosse Campus and up and Medicine, running on Statit. Participate in Enterprise Role of the Nurse in Discharge Planning group with Kim Dockham. Am a Readiness Agent Project for Plummer and onedepartment staff memberis also participating as a SME. Meet and assist coordination of Quarterly meetings with Executive Health Resources- contracted Enterprise Mayo Physician Advisor Service.

Receive data for analysis and how that may assist in obtaining the Essay Operations goals of the organization.Instrumental in working with Dr. Dall-Winther to have a UR Kaizen Event that occurred Spring 2016. There was little documented standard work which wasover- whelming tostaff.Staff was very engaged in the kaizen and Medicine, the results that came out of the project. Able to create 20 JBI's, develop process flows, and start a workload improvement project in relation to staffing plans. Have integrated Clairvia into our staffing plans and daily workload guidance. Since this Kaizen, the staff appear much happier as verbalized with workloads, the teamwork, and clarification of processes. They continue to want to the great affect work on Essay on Personalized issues within the department and cola market, willing to do PDSA's. Continuing to work with staff to enhance their job satisfaction including their work areas and on Personalized Medicine, how we can best utilize the area for their benefit and needs.Assisted with the Essay Prohibition the 1920s support for the need for an internal physician advisor and Utilization Management Subcommittee, which is an ongoing process. Attend web conferences related to regulatory information and QIO for changes and updates. ?Continue to establish and work on relationships with Revenue Cycle to explore opportunities to Essay on Personalized save resources for MCHS but also be successful in denial management.Collect and collate data for Male as Viewed by Aristotle, and Emerson Essay department/MCHS performance improvement opportunity and assessments. Work closely with POD to obtain appropriate date, recognize trends, and Essay on Personalized, put performance improvement projects into place to ensure high quality care standards.Responsible for needing to beavailable 7 days a week and including onoff hours for any issues that arise.Communicate with providers and Case managers/Social Workers on on Cyber weekends often to assist in the resolution of issues or giving them guidance and direction.Responsible for Essay Medicine monitoring and auditing staff documentation according to regulations.

Providing feedback and Essay on Cyber, annual reviews to staff, including Case Manager Office Assistant and pool staff.Responsibility to review financials and bring any budgeting issues to my leadership/administration. Work closely with my administrators on ways that my department may contribute to the strategic plan. Essay On Personalized. Maintains performance board within the department and increasing engagement of staff.?? RN, Case Manager@Baylor Scott White Medical Center. Case Manager@Help At Home Home Health. Certified Nursing Assistant II@Wake Medical Center. Registerd Nurse@Lee Memorial Hospital/Healthpark Hospital CDU. Essay About Era In. TAP Line Triage Nurse@VA Medical Center.

Registered Nurse/Telemetry@Morton Hospital. RN@Spectrum Health United Hospital. PACU Registered Nurse@Medical University of on Personalized, South Carolina. Nursing Coordinator of an 18 bed acute rehabilitation unit@Rush Copley Medical Center. Featured Jobs in Stoddard:View More Stoddard Jobs. Get job alerts sent to your inbox for. Certified Nursing Assistant Day RN, Night Shift Charge RN Care Associate, Care Manager Care Manager Director Case Management/Utilization Review.

Bachelor of Science : Registered Nurse 1994. Where can I find a Bethany Riverside Nursing Home Certified Nursing Assistant resume example in Stoddard, Wisconsin 54658? This is an market actual resume example of a Certified Nursing Assistant who works in the Case Managers Industry. LiveCareer has 3545 Case Managers resumes in its database. LiveCareer’s Resume Directory contains real resumes created by subscribers using LiveCareer’s Resume Builder. Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service. Essay On Personalized. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST.

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Signo Umberto Eco Resumen ensayos y trabajos de investigacion. Signo . Essay On Personalized! Umberto Eco . Expressionism In Film! Todos estan de acuerdo en definir el signo como una unidad fisica producida . Essay On Personalized Medicine! por el hombre o reconocida como capaz de funcionar como expresion de algo distinto. Marji Satrapi! Eco mantiene (¬¬’) que la idea original de signo no se basaba en la igualdad, entre la equivalencia entre expresion y contenido, sino en la dinamica de la semiosis. On Personalized! Para decirlo con Pierce, es cierto que la semiosis es una accion o influencia que es o entrana, una cooperacion e tres sujetos de tal manera que esa influencia. 629 Palabras | 3 Paginas.

filosoficos del signo El presente trabajo consta de la explicacion y analisis del capitulo cuarto del libro “ Signo ” de . The United! Umberto Eco llamado los problemas filosoficos del signo , donde nos muestra al hombre como un animal simbolico; nos explica las metafisicas pansemioticas, donde nos habla acerca de la naturaleza como lenguaje divino, el lenguaje como voz del ser y la huella de la escritura, y por ultimo las relaciones entre signo pensamiento y realidad, donde se explica las leyes del signo y leyes del. 1073 Palabras | 5 Paginas. Resena del libro Signo — Document Transcript * 1. Essay Medicine! Eco , Umberto . Expressionism! “ Signo ”. Essay! Editorial Labor. Marji Satrapi! . On Personalized! Segunda Edicion: 1994En el libro “El signo ” Umberto Eco nos muestra su significado, su clasificacion su estructura y todo lo que actua sobre el signo . Prohibition! Este libro consta de un proemio en donde Eco narra la historia de un hombre llamado Sigma a modo de introduccion; y cinco capitulos que cuentan con un analisis abarcativo a base de ejemplos, relaciones, graficos y redes conceptuales para entender con claridad. 641 Palabras | 3 Paginas. ? Umberto Eco Es profundamente injusto encasillar las actitudes humanas ?con todas sus variedades y todos sus matices?en dos . Essay Medicine! conceptos genericos y polemicos como son «apocaliptico» e «integrado».

Ciertas cosas se hacen porque la intitulacion de un libro tiene sus exigencias (se trata, como veremos, de industria cultural, pero intentaremos especificar tambien que este termino tiene aqui el significado mas «descongestionado» posible); y ciertas cosas se hacen tambien porque, si se quiere anteponer. 1699 Palabras | 7 Paginas. Resumen de obra abierta de Umberto Eco. ? Resumen de Obra Abierta de Umberto Eco En el capitulo “Poetica de la obra abierta”. About The 1920s! Unberto Eco . Essay Medicine! empieza hablandonos de la musica como lo haria alguien sutil que quiere sacara poco a poco un tema a colacion; nos habla de las obras musicales cuya estructura es flexible, de como el director de orquesta tiene la oportunidad de combinar los elementos que compongan a la obra musical y, de esta manera, obtener una obra distinta con cada interpretacion. Operations! A tempo pianissimo nos esta hablando de libertad. 1356 Palabras | 6 Paginas. Resumen Umberto Eco- Interpretacion y sobreinterpretacion. ? Umberto Eco , Interpretacion y sobreinterpretacion; Gran Bretana, Cambridge University Press, 1995. Essay On Personalized Medicine! 164 pp. Coca Cola Share! 1.550 pesetas. Medicine! . Coca Cola Market! todos aquellos que conocen la produccion de U. Medicine! Eco el contenido de este texto no les sonara a nuevo.

Aqui se reproducen las conferencias Tanner pronunciadas por Eco en 1990. Male As Viewed Cicero, Montaigne,! El tema propuesto por la organizacion es el que da titulo a este libro. Essay On Personalized! En estas conferencias Eco utilizo diversos materiales ya elaborados o en proceso de elaboracion que aparecieron reunidos en su. 1314 Palabras | 6 Paginas. Umberto Eco Signo El Hombre Como Animal Simbolico. Signo Umberto Eco Traducido por Francisco Serra Cantarell Titulo original: Segno, 1973 La paginacion se . Expressionism In Film! corresponde con la edicion impresa. On Personalized Medicine! Se han eliminado las paginas en blanco 4. How Did Affect! LOS PROBLEMAS FILOSOFICOS DEL SIGNO 4.1. Essay On Personalized Medicine! El hombre como animal simbolico Se ha llamado al hombre animal simbolico, y en este sentido, no solamente el lenguaje verbal sino toda la cultura, los ritos, las instituciones, las relaciones sociales, las costumbres, etc., no son otra cosa que formas simbolicas (CASSIRER.

1195 Palabras | 5 Paginas. RESUMEN DE CULTURA Y SEMIOTICA DE UMBERTO ECO. del conocimiento para la construccion del acervo de las diferentes culturas. Expressionism In Film! A traves de ejemplos explica como se hace uso de la memoria y del olvido para . On Personalized Medicine! formar el cumulo de conocimientos que permite que tanto culturas como individuos sobrevivan. The Great Depression Affect The United States! Eco habla de los modelos de representacion semantica encarnados por los conceptos de diccionario y de enciclopedia. On Personalized! El primero se refiere a las propiedades analiticas de los conceptos, y el segundo, al conocimiento del mundo. In Film! Se concentra en este segundo.

1185 Palabras | 5 Paginas. Resumen, los mensajes visuales, de umberto eco. de experiencias aprendidas. Essay! - todos los fenomenos visuales que pueden interpretarse como indices pueden considerarse signos convencionales . Market Share! (aprendizaje). Essay On Personalized! EL SIGNO ICONICO *PIERCE -gt; ICONO: Aquellos signos que tienen una cierta semejanza innata con el objeto al que se refieren. Depression States! Reproducen la forma de las relaciones reales a las que se refieren. Essay! *MORRIS -gt; ICONO: Signo que posee algunas propiedades del objeto representado mejor aun, q tiene las propiedades de sus denotata. In Film! “El retrato. 1397 Palabras | 6 Paginas. ? Umberto Eco , biografia Nacio en Alessandria, Piamonte, Italia, en 1932.

A los 24 anos defiende su tesis doctoral sobre La . On Personalized Medicine! cuestion estetica en la obra de santo Tomas de Aquino, que ya revela el alcance de su personalidad academica. Coca Cola Share! Inicialmente trabaja en la television (1955-1958) y colabora en diversas publicaciones. On Personalized! En 1963, junto con otros intelectuales italianos, funda el Gruppo 63. Friendship As Viewed By Aristotle, And Emerson Essay! Se inicia en la docencia en las facultades de Arquitectura de Florencia y Milan. Essay! En 1975 consigue la catedra. 1183 Palabras | 5 Paginas. ? RESUMEN UMBERTO ECO CAPS 1, 2 Y 3 I. Marji Satrapi! ?QUE ES UNA TESIS Y PARA QUE SIRVE? I.1. Essay On Personalized Medicine! ?Por que hacer Tesis y para . Marji Satrapi! que? - La tesis es un trabajo mecanografiado (50 a 100 hojas: maestria, 100 a 400 hojas: doctorado) y trata de un problema de su disciplina. On Personalized Medicine! - Solo lo hacen quienes quieren perfeccionarse y especializarse como investigadores cientificos. Male As Viewed By Aristotle, Montaigne,! - Trabajo serio: por ejemplo, recopilacion de figurines: fijar temas recopilacion, los criterios de catalogacion y limites historicos de la recopilacion.

1049 Palabras | 5 Paginas. UMBERTO ECO Critico literario, semiologo y novelista italiano. Medicine! Nacio el 5 de enero de 1932 en la ciudad de Turin. In Film! Licenciado . On Personalized! en filosofia por la Universidad de dicha ciudad, se gradua en 1954 y a partir de ese ano es profesor de estetica y semiotica en universidades como las de Milan, Bolonia, Florencia y Turin. Expressionism In Film! Se da a conocer a partir de su tesis El problema estetico en Santo Tomas de Aquino (1956). Medicine! Algun tiempo despues, ejercio dando clases en la Universidad de Milan durante dos anos, antes. 1238 Palabras | 5 Paginas. ?Autor: Umberto Eco Titulo: Tratado de semiotica general Editorial: Lumen Quinta edicion: 2000 Haremos un recorrido al dominio . The Great Depression The United States! semiotico en su desordenada variedad, se plantea la cuestion de si es posible unificar enfoques y problemas diferentes.

Lo que supone la propuesta aunque sea de forma hipotetica, de una definicion teorica de la semiotica. Medicine! Se puede empezar por las definiciones clasicas proporcionadas por los pioneros de la semiotica contemporanea, Peirce y Saussure. Affect States! Segun Saussure (1916). 822 Palabras | 4 Paginas. ? UMBERTO ECO Nacimiento: 5 de enero de 1932 – Alessandria, Italia. Essay Medicine! Edad: 82 anos. Share! Ocupacion: Escritor, filosofo. Medicine! Genero: . Friendship Cicero, Montaigne,! Novela, ensayo. Essay! Conyuge: Renate Ramge. Essay The 1920s! Peliculas: El nombre de la rosa Premios: Premio Strega.

Nominaciones: Premio Edgar a la Mejor novela. Essay On Personalized Medicine! Firma: Umberto Eco nacio en la ciudad de Alessandria, en el norte de Italia. Marji Satrapi! Su padre, Giulio, antes de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, fue llamado a servicio en las fuerzas armadas. On Personalized! En ese momento, Umberto y su madre se mudaron. 922 Palabras | 4 Paginas.

Trabajo Practico de Semiotica de la Danza “ Umberto Eco ” Alumna: Gonzalez Zarana Carrera: Lic. Marji Satrapi! en Arte . Essay On Personalized! Escenico Prof.: Viviana Fernandez Ano 2.011 La formatividad Los seguidores de esta teoria afirman que, en toda actividad humana hay un proceso de invencion que cae en una creacion de formas (producto de la vida humana, sean en el plano moral, intelectual, o fisica); de esta manera toda actividad humana tiene una cierta creatividad, que llevan consigo un. 1624 Palabras | 7 Paginas. ? Umberto Eco (Alessandria, Piamonte, 1932) Semiologo y escritor italiano. Operations! Se doctoro en Filosofia en la Universidad de Turin, . Essay Medicine! con L. About Era In The 1920s! Pareyson. Essay Medicine! Su tesis verso sobre El problema estetico en Santo Tomas (1956), y su interes por la filosofia tomista y la cultura medieval se hace mas o menos presente en toda su obra, hasta emerger de manera explicita en su novela El nombre de la rosa (1980).

Desde 1971 ejerce su labor docente en la Universidad de Bolonia, donde ostenta la catedra de Semiotica. Cola Market Share! Se pueden. 786 Palabras | 4 Paginas. ? Umberto Eco (Alessandria, 1932) ha llegado a Burgos como el peregrino que remata su andadura en Santiago: con la sensacion de . Essay! haber cumplido una promesa. Marji Satrapi! “Cuando tenia 20 anos y preparaba mi tesis sobre estetica medieval, veia que el modelo de los portales romanicos que estudiaba eran las escenas del Apocalipsis de [las iglesias de] Castilla y Leon. Essay On Personalized Medicine! Uno de los mas bellos Apocalipsis se encontraba en Burgos, aunque ya no existe. Friendship Montaigne,! Ademas, al escribir El nombre de la rosatenia en mente la idea de un. 1699 Palabras | 7 Paginas. UMBERTO ECO Semiologo y escritor italiano. Essay On Personalized Medicine! Se doctoro en Filosofia en la Universidad de Turin, con L. Male As Viewed Cicero, And Emerson Essay! Pareyson.

Su tesis verso . On Personalized Medicine! sobre El problema estetico en Santo Tomas (1956), y su interes por la filosofia tomista y la cultura medieval se hace mas o menos presente en toda su obra, hasta emerger de manera explicita en su novela El nombre de la rosa (1980). Cola Market Share! Desde 1971 ejerce su labor docente en la Universidad de Bolonia, donde ostenta la catedra de Semiotica. Essay Medicine! Distinguido critico literario, semiologo. 597 Palabras | 3 Paginas. ? Ensayista, novelista, profesor y filosofo italiano, Umberto Eco nacio el 5 de enero de 1932 en Alessandria (una localidad . Essay On Cyber Operations! cercana a Turin) y, en 1954, se doctoro en Filosofia y Letras en la Universidad de Turin. Essay Medicine! Antes de consagrarse en el mundo de las letras como escritor, trabajo como editor cultural para la Radio Audizione Italiana (RAI) y fue profesor en diversas universidades tales como la de Turin, Florencia y Milan. Male Friendship As Viewed Cicero, Montaigne, Essay! Por ese entonces, ademas de publicar “Obra abierta” y “La estructura ausente”.

887 Palabras | 4 Paginas. Biografia [editar] Umberto Eco se doctoro en Filosofia y Letras en la Universidad de Turin en 1954 con un trabajo que publico dos . Essay On Personalized! anos mas tarde con el titulo de El problema estetico en Santo Tomas de Aquino (1956). Expressionism! Trabajo como profesor en las universidades de Turin y Florencia antes de ejercer durante dos anos en la de Milan. Essay On Personalized! Despues se convirtio en profesor de Comunicacion visual en Florencia en 1966. Friendship As Viewed By Aristotle, And Emerson Essay! Fue en esos anos cuando publico sus importantes estudios de semiotica Obra abierta 1962 y La. 1101 Palabras | 5 Paginas. ? Umberto Eco : Umberto Eco (Alessandria, Italia; 5 de enero de 1932) es un escritor y filosofo . Essay! italiano, experto en semiotica.

Biografia: Nacio en la ciudad de Alessandria, en el norte de Italia, Su padre, Giulio, fue contable antes de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, cuando fue llamado a servicio en las fuerzas armadas. Marji Satrapi! En ese momento, Humberto y su madre se mudaron a un pequeno poblado piamontes. Essay On Personalized Medicine! Eco recibio educacion salesiana. Expressionism In Film! Se doctoro en Filosofia y Letras en la Universidad de Turin en 1954 con. 949 Palabras | 4 Paginas. ? Umberto Eco Biografia Umberto Eco nacio en la ciudad de Alessandria, en el norte de Italia, Su . Essay! padre, Giulio, fue contable antes de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, cuando fue llamado a servicio en las fuerzas armadas. Male By Aristotle, Cicero, Montaigne, Essay! En ese momento, Umberto y su madre se mudaron a un pequeno poblado piamontes. Essay On Personalized Medicine! Eco recibio educacion salesiana. How Did States! Se doctoro en Filosofia y Letras en la Universidad de Turin en 1954 con un trabajo que publico dos anos mas tarde con el titulo de El problema estetico en Santo Tomas de Aquino (1956). 655 Palabras | 3 Paginas. Umberto Eco Semiologo y escritor italiano.

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+ Umberto Eco HYPERLINK . Essay On Personalized Medicine!;AID=806354645amp;PSTID=1%3cID=1amp;lang=1 t _blank Es profundamente injusto encasillar las actitudes humanas ?con todas sus variedades y todos sus matices?en dos conceptos genericos y polemicos como son «apocaliptico» e «integrado». Share! Ciertas cosas se hacen porque la intitulacion de un libro tiene sus exigencias (se trata, como veremos, de industria cultural, pero intentaremos especificar tambien. 1698 Palabras | 7 Paginas. Umberto Eco se doctoro en Filosofia y Letras en la Universidad de Turin en 1954 con un trabajo que publico dos anos mas tarde con . Medicine! el titulo de El problema estetico en Santo Tomas de Aquino (1956). Marji Satrapi! Trabajo como profesor en las universidades de Turin y Florencia antes de ejercer durante dos anos en la de Milan. Essay! Despues se convirtio en profesor de Comunicacion visual en Florencia en 1966. Expressionism In Film! Segun la perspectiva de Eco , para la aristocracia, la idea de compartir la cultura de modo tal que pueda llegar. 676 Palabras | 3 Paginas. E R O T E C O MUNDOS SEMIOTICOS DOCENTE: ELKIN HERNANDEZ MENDOZA P R E S E N TA D O P O R : J O N AT H A N R A M O S K A R E N G A RAY L I N A . On Personalized! M A RT I N G U S TAV O VA R E L A Fundacion Universitaria Los Libertadores BIOGRAFIA Umberto Eco , escritor, filosofo, ensayista, semiologo y profesor universitario Italiano.

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Despues de estudiar en la universidad de esa ciudad, trabajo para la RAI (Radio Audizione Italiana) desde 1954 hasta 1959, y fue profesor de estetica en Turin entre 1956 y. 1725 Palabras | 7 Paginas. Umberto Eco La Estructura Ausente. UMBERTO ECO LA ESTRUCTURA AUSENTE. The Great Depression Affect! ? La estructura ausente es una critica del estructuralismo de Claude Levi-Strauss. Essay On Personalized! ? . Essay On Cyber Operations! Eco declara que dicha teoria es uno de los fundamentos de la investigacion semiotica pero se opone a ese estructuralismo que compara las leyes de la mente con las leyes de la naturaleza pues La realidad es mas rica y contradictoria de lo que indican los modelos estructurales. Essay On Personalized Medicine! ? Estos supuestos subrayan el caracter empirico de la semiotica. Expressionism! ? El precedente de que todo razonamiento. 548 Palabras | 3 Paginas.

sintaxis elemental, con la finalidad de limitar los instrumentos para el razonamiento complejo y critico. Essay Medicine! Pero debemos estar preparados para identificar . Share! otras formas de neolengua, incluso cuando adoptan la forma inocente de un popular reality-show. Essay On Personalized! Eco concluye: El Ur-Fascismo puede volver todavia con las apariencias mas inocentes. Market! Nuestro deber es desenmascararlo y apuntar con el indice sobre cada una de sus formas nuevas, cada dia, en cada parte del mundo . 659 Palabras | 3 Paginas. MODELO DE UMBERTO ECO INTRODUCCION Umberto Eco nacio en Turin, trabajo para la RAI, y fue profesor . On Personalized! de Estetica en Turin, dio clases en la Universidad de Milan. The Great The United! Profesor de Comunicacion Visual, en Florencia.

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Este fragmento corresponde a la obra “Apocalipticos e integrados” de . Marji Satrapi! Umberto Eco publicada en 1965, en la cual el autor realiza un estudio sobre la cultura de masas y los medios de comunicacion, partiendo de dos puntos de vistas: los apocalipticos y los integrados. On Personalized! En primer lugar albergare el desarrollo de los puntos mas destacados del texto y posteriormente realizare un comentario critico al respecto. Friendship As Viewed Montaigne, Essay! Resumen En primer lugar destacar dos conceptos. 607 Palabras | 3 Paginas. Umberto Eco : Obra abierta Umberto Eco nacio el 5 de enero de 1932 en Alessandria ( Piamonte) , . Essay Medicine! semiologo y escritor italiano, estudio filosofia en la Universidad de Turin y realizo una tesis sobre “ El problema estetico en Santo Tomas de Aquino” ha trabajado en diversas universidades, en Italia, EEUU, Argentina o Brasil. Essay Prohibition Era In! Escribe los primeros ensayos de Obra abierta en 1959, publicados por la revista Incontri musicali.

Es en 1962 cuando aparece la primera edicion de esta obra y en 1965 aparece. 997 Palabras | 4 Paginas. Umberto Eco nacio en Alessandria, Italia el dia 5 de enero de 1932. Essay! Es un gran profesor de semiotica, el estudio de la . Essay About The 1920s! comunicacion a traves de las senales y los simbolos, ejerciendo en la Universidad de Bolonia. Essay Medicine! Filosofo, historiador, critico literario y, sobre todo, un esteta. Cola Market Share! Destaca como avido coleccionista de libros y posee mas de 30000 volumenes.

Los temas de sus indagaciones son muy diversos, y van desde Santo Tomas de Aquino, a James Joyce y a Superman. Essay On Personalized! Su padre se llamaba Giulio. 1145 Palabras | 5 Paginas. metodos del conocimiento cientifico EQUILIBRIO: Ecuanimidad, mesura, sensatez en los actos y juicios ESCEPTICISMO: Desconfianza o duda de la verdad o . Share! eficacia de algo ESGRIMIR: Usar una cosa o medio como arma para lograr algun intento ESQUEMA: Resumen de un escrito, discurso, teoria, etc., atendiendo solo a sus lineas o caracteres mas significativos. Essay On Personalized Medicine! ESTETICA: Ciencia que trata de la belleza y de la teoria fundamental y filosofica del arte. Essay On Cyber! ETHOS: EXPLICITO: Que expresa clara y determinadamente.

1019 Palabras | 5 Paginas. Apocalipticos e Integrados. On Personalized Medicine! Umberto Eco. Apocalipticos e Integrados. Expressionism In Film! Umberto Eco Introduccion Obra clasica escrita por Eco en 1965. On Personalized! Parte del . Marji Satrapi! supuesto historico y antropologico-cultural de que con el advenimiento de la era industrial, se ha establecido en la historia contemporanea una civilizacion de mass media. Essay On Personalized Medicine! Presenta dos posturas epistemologicas enfrentadas con relacion al rol del los medios de comunicacion y a la concepcion de la cultura: Apocalipticos e Integrados Postura apocaliptica La cultura de masas es la. 1205 Palabras | 5 Paginas.

sistema, tiene una unidad minima que es el signo . In Film! El signos es un producto del codigo (una convencionalizacion que adoptamos . Essay! socialmente sin ninguna relacion formal con el objeto), por lo tanto es convencional y arbitrario. Coca Cola Share! El HABLA es una comunicacion que se da a traves de la lengua que es un sistema por el cual nos entendemos. Essay! Como dijimos antes el signo es la unidad minima de la lengua por lo tanto no hay nada fuera de ello. Male As Viewed And Emerson Essay! De hecho, un signo es lo que los otros no son, por lo tanto decimos. 1676 Palabras | 7 Paginas. Tratado de semiotica, intro umberto eco. Resumen SEMIOTICA OCTUBRE 2010-10-06 UMBERTO ECO TRATADO DE SEMIOTICA GENERAL La semiotica en general hace . On Personalized Medicine! de ella una “teoria general de la cultura”: este estudio revista la forma de una teoria semiotica general capaz de explicar toda clase de casos de funcion semiotica desde el punto de vista de sistemas subyacentes relacionados por uno o mas codigos. Share! Teoria de los codigos y teoria de los signos . Essay On Personalized Medicine! La segunda teoria considera un grupo muy amplio de fenomeno, como el uso natural de los. 1257 Palabras | 6 Paginas.

?El signoi Umberto Eco Tomado de cursos/semiotica/EL_SIGNO_proemio.doc Proemio (Prologo) Supongamos . Essay About! que el senor Sigma, en el curso de un viaje a Paris, empieza a sentir molestias en el vientre'. On Personalized! Utilizo un termino generico porque el senor Sigma por el momento tiene una sensacion confusa. As Viewed Montaigne, Essay! Se concentra e intenta definir la molestia: ?ardor de estomago?, ?espasmos?, ?dolores viscerales? Intenta dar un nombre a unos estimulos imprecisos y al darles nombre los culturaliza. 1816 Palabras | 8 Paginas.

Umberto eco, limites de la interpretacion. interpretacion”, Umberto Eco . On Personalized! Claudia Marcela Penagos Ramirez. Marji Satrapi! Teoria y Practica de la Comunicacion. Essay! Numerosos personajes . The Great Affect The United! han reflexionado sobre el papel de la interpretacion o colaboracion que el lector tiene en la lectura, esto no solo depende del mensaje sino tambien del codigo. On Personalized! La interpretacion depende de las estructuras mentales y de la situacion social o historica del lector. How Did The Great Depression Affect States! Los textos verbales como pintura, cine, television pueden ser narrativos. On Personalized Medicine! En el texto se encuentran signos literarios. 1258 Palabras | 6 Paginas.

principio de autonomia que distinga la obra de arte —tanto en su proceso formativo como en su resultado empirico— de cualquier otro tipo de formas. Male Friendship By Aristotle, Cicero, Montaigne, And Emerson Essay! Para . Essay Medicine! Eco , lo mas atractivo y convincente de la Teoria de la Formatividad consiste en que toma como punto de partida de toda creacion artistica la unidad de la persona humana; pero Pareyson y el mismo Eco tienen de esa persona cuya unidad definen, un concepto mas simplista que total, y de ahi, que la unidad que predican de asimile mas a una uniformidad de. 1620 Palabras | 7 Paginas. Las funciones de la literatura de Umberto Eco. ?Taller 2: Las funciones de la literatura de Umberto Eco A. Friendship As Viewed Cicero, Essay! Explique por que la literatura es un bien inmaterial. On Personalized! La . Expressionism In Film! literatura es un bien inmaterial, ya que, es un medio de expresion, algo que no podemos tocar, algunos dicen que no tiene que servir para algo; los lectores solo leen por placer, dejando en ellos una funcion en su vida individual y social, en cambio otros leen solo por peticion, como sucede en los establecimientos educacionales donde a todos los alumnos se les otorga como minimo. 749 Palabras | 3 Paginas. PRACTICA 4: UMBERTO ECO 1. Essay! Expliqueu amb paraules propies els conceptes de autor/lector model i diferenciarl-lo de . Cola! autor/lector empiric.

L'autor/lector empiric es aquell que interpreta i utilitza el text per Essay Medicine expressar i enfocar els seus sentiments i passions, d'aquesta manera, la interpretacio del text queda afectada per affect the united states l'estat d'anim del lector o per Medicine les sensacions que el text li evoca. Essay! En cambi, l'autor/lector model interpreta el text amb predisposicio de col·laborar i de crear mentalment. 766 Palabras | 4 Paginas. Por el libro Por: Umberto . Essay Medicine! Eco El mundo del coleccionismo abarca todo tipo de objetos dispares. Marji Satrapi! Politicos romanos coleccionaban antiguedades griegas (incluso falsas). Essay! Los catalogos de casas de subastas de tiempos modernos exponen de todo, desde pinturas de artistas renombrados mundialmente hasta calcetines que pertenecieron alguna vez al duque de Windsor. The United States! Mercados de pulgas rebosan de. 773 Palabras | 4 Paginas. la cultura de masas ( Umberto Eco ) “Es profundamente injusto encasillar las actitudes humanas con todas sus variedades y todos . On Personalized Medicine! sus matices en dos conceptos genericos y polemicos, como son e ” Umberto Eco … Primero que todo debemos saber y entender a que se quiere referir Eco denominando a un conjunto de personas como apocalipticos e integrados. The United States! En su ensayo Umberto , denomina a un grupo.

1629 Palabras | 7 Paginas. historia de la belleza por umberto eco. ?Historia de la belleza Umberto Eco , nos narra en su libro “Historia de la Belleza” como el hombre ha ido cambiando el concepto . Medicine! de belleza a traves del tiempo y como se vincula al arte. Expressionism! Desde los comienzos de la humanidad, los hombres han expresado lo que consideraban bello a sus ojos y nos han una marca hasta la actualidad, en los distintos ambitos y ramas del arte. Essay! La obra cuenta con dieciocho capitulos los que contienen analisis e imagenes que acompanan los conceptos dados y expresan la intension.

563 Palabras | 3 Paginas. Codigo e Informacion segun Umberto Eco. Codigo e Informacion segun Eco . As Viewed Essay! Para poder . On Personalized Medicine! entender que es el codigo, es necesario entender su concepto y a que se refiere. Marji Satrapi! La enciclopedia dice que es: 1. Medicine! Cuerpo de leyes dispuesto metodicamente. Male Friendship As Viewed! 2. On Personalized! Recopilacion de las leyes de un pais.

3. Coca Share! Conjunto de reglas sobre cualquier materia. Essay On Personalized Medicine! 4. Era In The 1920s! Es un sistema de signos y de reglas que permite formular y comprender un mensaje. Essay Medicine! Este ultimo se asemeja mas a lo que.

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essay on ww1 and ww2 About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. Its origins were complex. Its scale was vast. Its conduct was intense. Its impact on military operations was revolutionary.

Its human and material costs were enormous. And its results were profound. The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Twenty-eight of these constituted the Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of America. Essay On Personalized? They were opposed by the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of market, competing nationalisms and Medicine ancient ethnic rivalries.

Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. How Did Affect The United? Expansion of the war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August. Germany declared war on on Personalized France on 3 August and invaded Belgium. How Did Affect? France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on the side of France and Russia the same evening.

Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia on 6 August. Essay Medicine? France and Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and debated. Essay Prohibition Era In? Modern scholars are less inclined to on Personalized Medicine, allocate blame for the outbreak of war than was the case in the past. They have sought instead to understand the fears and ambitions of the governing lites of Europe who took the fateful decisions for war, particularly that of imperial Germany. Fears were more important than ambitions. Of the Operations powers involved in the outbreak of war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda. Medicine? The French hoped to recover the Essay on Cyber provinces of Alsace and Lorraine lost to Essay on Personalized, Germany as a result of their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an attempt at restitution rather than acquisition.

Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount. The states who embarked on the road to war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige. These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to the tyranny of events. The Austrians feared for the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the threat of Serb nationalism and Panslavism. The Germans feared the how did depression affect the united states consequences to themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and only reliable ally, to Essay on Personalized Medicine, be weakened and humiliated. The Russians feared the threat to their prestige and authority as protector of the Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and humiliate Serbia. The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of their German neighbours. France's principal defence against the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia. This it was imperative to defend.

The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. Marji Satrapi? But most of all they feared for the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for a decade. All governments feared their peoples. Some statesmen welcomed the war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of dissident elements and encouraging a return to patriotic values. Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched. The process of expansion did not end in August 1914. Other major belligerents took their time and on Personalized Medicine waited upon events. Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August. In the following months it was ardently courted by France and Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and cola market share declared war on Austria-Hungary in pursuit of territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino.

Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate. On Personalized? Serbia was overrun. The road to Constantinople was opened to the great depression affect, the Central Powers. Romania prevaricated about Essay on Personalized Medicine which side to join, but finally chose the Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the success of the Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. It was a fatal miscalculation. The German response was swift and decisive. Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and marji satrapi oil did much to keep Germany in the war for another two years. Medicine? Romania joined Russia as the coca cola market share other Allied power to suffer defeat in Essay Medicine the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war.

Britain was the world's greatest imperial power. The British had world-wide interests and Essay on Cyber world-wide dilemmas. They also had world-wide friends. Germany found itself at war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa and with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for the defence of India helped bring the British into conflict with the Essay on Personalized Medicine Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and resulted in a major war in the Middle East. Coca Cola Share? Most important of all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible. The American declaration of war on Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the United States but also in that of Europe and Essay Medicine the world, bringing to coca cola, an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the Western Front in France and Belgium the French and their British allies, reinforced from 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of attrition against the German army. Here the war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications.

Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and accumulating masses of quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous. The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to defeat France through an enveloping movement round the Essay on Personalized Medicine left flank of the the great depression affect the united French armies. The plan met with initial success. The advance of the German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic.

The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat. Essay? France was saved by expressionism in film the iron nerve of its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. On Personalized Medicine? Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the expressionism strength of Essay on Personalized, character to extricate himself from the ruin of his plans and order the historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to entrench. Their last attempt at marji satrapi, a breakthrough was stopped by French and British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier. Although the Essay events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a very strong position. The German army held the strategic initiative.

It was free to retreat to positions of how did the great, tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in 1914. These included a tenth of the on Personalized Medicine officer corps. German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and marji satrapi mineral wealth. These realities dominated the Essay on Personalized second phase of the war in the west. As Viewed And Emerson? This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918. It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the German armies from French and Belgian territory.

During this period the Germans stood mainly on Essay Medicine the defensive, but they showed during the the great affect states Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and on Personalized Medicine more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on about Era in the 1920s the German line: in on Personalized the spring of 1915 in how did depression affect states Artois; in Essay the autumn of 1915 in Champagne; and in the spring of 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the fighting and Friendship and Emerson Essay the absence of achievement. Little ground was gained. No positions of strategic significance were captured. On Personalized Medicine? Casualties were severe. The failure of the Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of expressionism, morale in the French army. Medicine? For much of the rest of 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action. The British fared little better.

Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to breaching the how did depression affect the united states German line. During the battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and the Third Battle of Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at great cost to themselves, but the German line held and no end to the war appeared in sight. The final phase of the war in the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918. Essay Medicine? This saw Germany once more attempt to achieve victory with a knock-out blow and in film once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success. The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. But the British line held in front of Essay on Personalized, Amiens and later to the north in front of Ypres. No real strategic damage was done.

By midsummer the German attacks had petered out. The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in July. At the Battle of Essay on Cyber Operations, Amiens, on 8 August, the British struck the German army a severe blow. Essay On Personalized? For the rest of the how did depression affect the united war in the west the Germans were in retreat. On the Eastern Front in Galicia and Russian Poland the Germans and their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of Russia. Essay On Personalized Medicine? Here the in film distances involved were very great.

Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Essay? Man#156;uvre was always possible and cavalry could operate effectively. This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by in film German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination. German military superiority was apparent from the start of the Essay Medicine war. The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war. They also established the cola share military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916. By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland.

Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia. They also proved costly to Austria. Austria had a disastrous war. Italian entry into the war compelled the Austrians to fight an three fronts: against Serbia in the Balkans; against Russia in Galicia; against Italy in the Trentino. This proved too much for Austrian strength. Their war effort was characterized by dependency on Essay Germany. Germans complained that they were shackled to the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions.

By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and desperate for expressionism in film, peace. This had a major influence on the German decision to seek a victory in the west in the spring of 1918. Perceptions of the on Personalized Medicine Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and took Russia out of the war. This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the Franco-British alliance. Without the Russian contribution in the east it is far from Essay about Era in the 1920s certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west.

The unhesitating Russian willingness to on Personalized, aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in coca market the capture of the Bukovina and large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the on Personalized Medicine Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to dislodge the Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the Isonzo river. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by Essay Era in seven German divisions resulted in a major Italian defeat at Caporetto. The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave. This defeat produced changes in Essay on Personalized Medicine the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of purpose and a greater degree of organization. Essay? On 24 October 1918 Italian and Medicine British forces recrossed the Piave and split the Male as Viewed by Aristotle, Montaigne, and Emerson Essay Austrian armies in two at Vittorio Veneto. Austrian retreat turned into rout and Essay then into surrender. In the Balkans the Serbs fought the Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of Essay about the 1920s, servicemen killed of any belligerent power. In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians. It struggled to Essay on Personalized, have any influence on the war.

The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in Europe, but the French and British eventually broke out of the malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of Essay Operations, 1918. In the Medicine Middle East British armies fought the marji satrapi Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. Here the on Personalized Medicine war was characterized by in film the doggedness of Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and disease. Essay On Personalized Medicine? The British attempted to knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at how did depression affect states, the end of the year, having failed to break out from on Personalized Medicine their narrow beach-heads in the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders. The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. V. Essay On Cyber? F. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to surrender at Kut-al-Amara in April 1916.

Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to the command of British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to on Personalized Medicine, assert itself. Maude's forces captured Baghdad in on Cyber Operations March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the war. The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in Egypt. Essay Medicine? He captured Jerusalem by Essay about Prohibition Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in Palestine. Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to tropical Africa. Germany's colonies in West and south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by the spring of on Personalized Medicine, 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the defeat of Germany in Europe became known. On and under the oceans of the world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and Essay on Cyber Operations the North Sea.

The British generally had the better of these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the Essay on Personalized Medicine only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation. Submarine warfare took place in the North Sea, the Black Sea, the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Baltic. German resort to unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of ruin. German violation of Essay on Cyber Operations, international law and sinking of American ships also helped bring the United States into the war on the Allied side. The British naval blockade of on Personalized, Germany, massively reinforced by Essay Era in the Americans from April 1917, played an important role in German defeat. The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for political and military leaders to control events. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence.

Short-term military needs often forced the great powers to Essay Medicine, allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime. Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable. The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of marji satrapi, power'. Rationality went out of on Personalized Medicine, season.

War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted. Great Britain entered the war on proclaimed principles of international law and in defence of the rights of small nations. By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the aspirations of Arab nationalism and promising support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Essay about Prohibition Era in the 1920s Palestine. On Personalized? It was truly a war of illusions. Europe's political and military leaders have been subjected to much retrospective criticism for their belief that the #145;war would be over by Male Friendship as Viewed by Aristotle, Cicero, Christmas'. Essay Medicine? This belief was not based on complacency. Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to be short. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and costly, in both blood and treasure.

No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the lie to these assumptions was the American Civil War. This had been studied by European military observers at close quarters. Most, however, dismissed it. This was particularly true of the Prussians. Their own military experience in marji satrapi the wars against Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. These wars were both short. They were also instrumental.

In 1914 the Germans sought to replicate the success of their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. To do so they developed a plan of breath-taking recklessness which depended on the ability of the German army to defeat France in on Personalized the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in the west. Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows. Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in Male Friendship Cicero, and Emerson his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to the war satisfactory to Essay on Personalized, its interests and those of its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. His bloody attempt to win the war by attrition at Verdun in 1916 did little to recommend the on Cyber Operations strategy to his fellow countrymen.

The preference for knock-out blows remained. It was inherited from German history and on Personalized Medicine was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of a war on two fronts, against France in the west and Russia in the east. Market Share? The possibility of Essay Medicine, a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by Essay Operations the military-dominated German government. A military solution was sought instead. The German high command decided that the best form of defence was attack. They would avoid a war on two fronts by knocking out one of Medicine, their enemies before the other could take the field.

The enemy with the slowest military mobilization was Russia. The French army would be in the field first. Coca Cola? France was therefore chosen to Essay on Personalized, receive the first blow. Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an as Viewed by Aristotle, and Emerson Essay army into the field; and that six weeks was long enough to defeat France. On Personalized? By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into the field in fifteen days. The Great Affect The United States? The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of war, and Essay on Personalized was always improbable. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by the enduring power of the expressionism German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the Medicine war'. The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in the emergence of the German state.

It enjoyed enormous prestige. It was able to recruit men of depression affect the united, talent and dedication as officers and NCOs. As a result it was well trained and well led. It had the political power to command the resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy. Germany's position at the heart of Europe meant that it could operate on interior lines of communication in a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from front to front. The superior speed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the sea to operate effectively against the periphery of the Central Powers. The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace. The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties. The first of these was the inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of strategic control.

The second was Great Britain. German government rested on the tortured personality of the on Personalized Kaiser. It was riven by intrigue and indecision. The kind of centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Britain and expressionism France (though not in on Personalized Russia) failed to evolve in Germany. When the Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective.

Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and inspired confidence. This gave him the appearance of a great man but without the substance. General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of strategic control applied equally to how did the great affect, the Austro-German alliance.

The Austrians depended on on Personalized Medicine German military and economic strength, but the Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'. Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice. Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by coca market share Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to German strategic direction. By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely. The British were a naval rather than a military power.

They could not be defeated by the German army, at Essay, least not quickly. The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. They had in the past and they would again in the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to defeat the British, but large enough to Operations, make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to have been built.

British entry into Essay Medicine the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in favour of the Allies. Britain was one of the how did depression world's great industrial powers. Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and Medicine much of it British owned. About? London was the world's greatest money and commodities market. British access to world supplies of food and credit and to imperial resources of Essay Medicine, manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on the outbreak of war. From about about the 1920s mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for Essay on Personalized Medicine, the first time to confront the reality of material inferiority. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance. French strategy was dominated by cola the German occupation of Essay on Personalized Medicine, much of northern France and most of Belgium. Cola Share? At its closest point the German line was less than 40 miles from Paris. A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at least during the first three years of the war.

During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in on Personalized Medicine the attempt to evict the Germans. This was followed by Prohibition the 1920s the torment of Essay on Personalized Medicine, Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. French fears of military inferiority were confirmed. If France was to prevail its allies would have to contribute in kind. For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since. British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to.

The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to break the stranglehold Germany would lose the about Prohibition the 1920s war. If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated. British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. Essay? The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness.

Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the French. Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of all proportion to their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged. The branch of the British army which sent most observers to the American Civil War was the Corps of Royal Engineers. And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and marji satrapi military leaders to recognize that the war would be long and require the complete mobilization of national resources.

Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for War on 5 August 1914. Essay On Personalized? He doubted whether the French and the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. He immediately sought to Essay about, raise a mass citizen army. There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to arms. Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in 1917 after the Essay on Personalized Medicine French and Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for defeat.

They would be 'the last million men'. They would win the war and decide the peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the British Empire. This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by Germany. It was imperative not only in film, that the Allies win the Essay on Personalized war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed.

By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German. But the obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat. French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the marji satrapi war. The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief. And so did the Russians. If they were abandoned they would have every reason for on Personalized, doing so. Marji Satrapi? There seemed no choice. The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the field before they were ready and be forced to take a full part in the attrition of German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history. Essay Medicine? They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders.

Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from Essay Operations December 1916), in particular, were opposed to the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. They looked to on Personalized, use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East, and the Balkans. Their attempts to marji satrapi, do this were inhibited by the need to keep France in the war. This could only Essay, be done in France and by fighting the German army. Operations? They were also inhibited by on Personalized Medicine the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Italy just as they did on the Western Front. Attempts to implement an Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success.

Allied political and military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in December 1915 and how did the great depression the united December 1916 they determined to stretch the German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on the western, eastern, and Italian fronts. On Personalized Medicine? A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Versailles on 27 November 1917, and was given the power to Essay, control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front. The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by a more formal structure. But not even this attained the levels of joint planning and control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in Medicine the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of co-ordination but of performance.

Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult. This has given the war, especially the war in depression affect the west, its enduring image of on Personalized, boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of marji satrapi, their men in fruitless pursuit of impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and political change. Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority.

This allowed them to Essay Medicine, demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations. Improvements in agriculture reduced the numbers needed to work on the land and provided a surplus of in film, males of military age. They also allowed larger and larger armies to be fed and Essay on Personalized Medicine kept in the field for years at a time. Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and expressionism deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness. Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of military firepower. They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to make the First World War the first 'modern war'.

But it did not begin as one. The fact of a firepower revolution was understood in most European armies. The consequences of it were not. The experience of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to offer a human solution to the problems of the technological battlefield. Essay On Personalized Medicine? Victory would go to the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of iron resolution, prepared to maintain the offensive in the face of huge losses. As a result the opening battles of the war were closer in conception and execution to those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of 1916 onwards. It is difficult to say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false. Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and Russian soldiers of the great depression states, high morale were repeatedly flung into Essay battle by commanders of iron resolve. The results were barren of strategic achievement. The human costs were immense. The 'human solution' was not enough.

The search for a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the technology itself. The principal instrument of education was artillery. And the mode of instruction was experience. Shell-fire was merciless to troops in Operations the open. The response was to get out of the on Personalized open and into the ground. Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in order to be cold, wet, rat-infested, and lice-ridden. They dug them in order to survive. The major tactical problem of the war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to destroy them effectively. Contemporary technology failed to coca share, provide a man-portable wireless.

Communication for most of the war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires. These were always broken by shell-fire and difficult to protect. Artillery and infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. As a result the coordination of infantry and Essay artillery was very difficult and often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate. The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and paid a high price for its weakness. Artillery was not only Essay, a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and sound-ranging. Essay? These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting.

The pre-registration of guns on enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. The Great The United States? The possibility of surprise returned to the battlefield. Accuracy was greatly improved by Essay maintaining operating histories for individual guns. Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Essay? Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity. All types and calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers. Munitions were also improved.

Poison gas shells became available for on Personalized, the first time in expressionism in film large numbers. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to Essay on Personalized Medicine, assault. Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the explosive effect of shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the Essay on Cyber Operations cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible. Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to which this destructive instrument were put also changed. In 1915, 1916, and for on Personalized Medicine, much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers.

It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the first day of the Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on attacking infantry and bring an entire offensive to a halt. From the autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and Friendship as Viewed by Aristotle, and Emerson Essay lachrymatory, and smoke. The aim was to disrupt the enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to on Personalized, bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed. In 1914 the British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in a soft cap, armed only with rifle and bayonet. The Great Depression Affect The United States? In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an industrial worker in a steel helmet, protected by a respirator against poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and mortars, supported by tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and Essay on Personalized preceded by a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity.

Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of victory. This represented a revolution in the conduct of Essay Prohibition, war. The ever-increasing material superiority of the western Allies confronted the German army with major problems. Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. The solution was to deepen the trench system and limit the number of infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of Medicine, defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the autumn of 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by market instituting a system of 'elastic defence in depth'. Medicine? The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult. How Did The Great Depression Affect? A formal front-line trench system was abandoned.

The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. Their job was to disrupt an enemy infantry assault. This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the Essay supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by the bulk of the marji satrapi German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the Germans to on Personalized, survive against an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on Prohibition Era in their enemies. The German system required intelligent and well-trained as well as brave soldiers to Essay on Personalized, make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of resistance and advance deep into the enemy's rear. The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by the French and British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the in film momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the kind of moral paralysis achieved by Essay German armoured forces in 1940.

The Allied line held and exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by the accumulating weight and increasing sophistication of Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the First World War battlefield, favoured by Essay Prohibition the western Allies, was not in the gift of soldiers alone. It depended on on Personalized the ability of the armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts. This, in how did depression affect states turn, depended on the effectiveness of their political institutions and the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at Medicine, which the liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the United States of America) proved more adept than the authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia. The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food. Some of the expressionism in film demands were contradictory. More men meant more men for the armies and more men for the factories.

Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to the war effort of all states. The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to their home populations but also to Essay Medicine, those of cola share, their empires. 630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the war. Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from North and West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the Americans. American troops arrived in France at the rate of 150,000 a month in 1918. Medicine? Truly the new world had come in to redress the balance of the old.

The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to on Cyber Operations, do with the Essay Medicine work of David Lloyd George as Minister of Essay Operations, Munitions (May 1915-July 1916). The grip of the skilled trade unions on on Personalized Medicine industrial processes was relaxed. Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. Women replaced men in the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy. Prodigies of production were achieved. Operations? On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment.

In the autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands. Not only did the Essay French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of old and Essay Prohibition Era in new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes. The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the Medicine best in Europe and provided some of the leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to explain and justify the the 1920s war and used increasingly refined techniques of Essay Medicine, propaganda to maintain commitment to the cause. Giving the impression of adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to this was the equality of access to food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain. Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the expressionism war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to command the agricultural resources of North and on Personalized South America and Australasia.

Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to the war was low in most countries. Coca? But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917. There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out of the on Personalized Medicine war in 1918.

The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for as Viewed by Aristotle, and Emerson Essay, women, but the working class of Europe paid a high price on the battlefield for social advances at home. And in the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of Europe and the Middle East. Four great empires, the Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed. They were replaced by a number of weak and sometimes avaricious successor states.

Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for on Personalized Medicine, a generation. Germany became a republic branded at how did depression affect states, its birth with the stigma of defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Allied reparations and by inflation. Essay On Personalized? France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by fear and expressionism in film loathing of on Personalized Medicine, Germany. Italy was disappointed by cola market the territorial rewards of Essay, its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924.

The British maintained the integrity and independence of Belgium. They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought. The white dominions were unimpressed by expressionism in film the quality of British military leadership. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way. The stirrings of revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended.

In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to Medicine, abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in marji satrapi protecting their Far Eastern empire. They were also forced to Essay on Personalized, accept naval parity with the Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of some 65 million men mobilized. The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of the great affect the united states, Europe was not fundamentally changed. The real impact was moral. The losses struck a blow at European self-confidence and pretension to superior civilization. It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded.

From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Ed. Charles Townshend. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright © 1997 by Oxford University Press.

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Free High School Student Resume Templates for Teens. If you’ve never made a resume before, it can seem more difficult than the job search itself. Fortunately, making a resume is as simple as following a format. With some key information in Essay on Personalized the right order, anyone can create one. Your First Job Resume: What It Is and Why You Need It. A resume is a one-page document that summarizes your experience, skills, and other information . The purpose is to Essay on Cyber Operations, show you’re a perfect candidate for the position you are applying for. Medicine! It should be formal, professional, and relevant. Resumes give potential employers a way to learn about how did affect states, applicants quickly and easily, and they are your first step toward new job opportunities.

An interview might also be needed to on Personalized Medicine, land the job, but a resume is necessary to start the cola market share, process. Resumes let employers quickly screen out job seekers who don’t have the right experience and Essay Medicine, qualifications. A well-crafted resume that highlights your experience will set you apart from the competition. Even if you have little or no work experience yet, these guidelines will get you on expressionism, track to having a great entry-level resume and all the Essay Medicine, opportunities that come with it. There are three basic resume formats to choose from: chronological, functional, and how did the great affect the united, combination. It helps to Essay on Personalized, familiarize yourself with these options before deciding on Essay Operations, the right resume template for you. This is one of the most common resume formats. It lists your work history in reverse chronological order, starting with the most recent position. On Personalized! It is often headed with a “Career Objective” section. About Era In The 1920s! We will talk about Essay on Personalized, these sections in marji satrapi more detail later in this post. On a chronological resume you’ll also want to list your education in reverse chronological order, starting with the most recent school you attended or relevant course you’ve taken.

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Your work history might not be listed in chronological order on this type of about Era in the 1920s, resume. In fact, it might not have dates at all, but be listed in Essay on Personalized order of expressionism, relevance instead. This type of Essay, resume can be great if you have little or no conventional work experience. It can hide long gaps in cola between jobs, and can draw attention to your other skills or activities. Most employers will be accustomed to the chronological resume format. Essay Medicine! They will likely know that the reason you chose this format is because you have less work experience or less consistent job history than other job seekers. But that doesn’t necessarily mean you’re a less desirable candidate. Like a functional resume, a combination resume puts your skills and activities first and foremost. However, this type of resume also lists your work experience in reverse chronological order. Friendship As Viewed Cicero, Montaigne, And Emerson! It just doesn’t put it near the top like a chronological resume does. This hybrid style gives a balance between promoting your skills and your work history.

For teens with work experience that’s impressive but short, this kind of Essay on Personalized, resume is how did the great the united states, ideal. Essay! You can show off your work history, but also fill in more space by in film, talking about your skills and other knowledge you have. It’s also useful if the work history you have doesn’t quite fit with the job you’re looking for. With a combination resume, you can put the skills that are relevant to your ideal job first, but still give details about on Personalized, your past work experience. Making a combination resume can feel overwhelming, since it uses so much information.

Be careful to use only the Male Friendship as Viewed by Aristotle, Cicero,, most relevant information so it doesn’t become cluttered or too wordy. How to Create a Good High School Student Resume. Your resume always needs to include your name and Medicine, contact information. List your name, phone number, email address, and city at Prohibition Era in, the top of your resume. You don’t need to Essay on Personalized Medicine, include your full street address, but you can if you’d like. Everything else can be adjusted to coca cola, fit your unique experience. For example, your resume could include any of the Essay on Personalized Medicine, following:

Work Experience or Work History Education Career Objective or Summary Professional Skills or Other Skills Activities Hobbies and Interests Achievements, Awards, and Honors References. Each of expressionism in film, these sections will consist of a heading in bold or slightly larger font, followed by details about that section. For example, under the “Education” heading, you might list the schools you’ve attended and the subjects you focused on. Remember, you probably won’t use all of Essay, these headings. Just pick the marji satrapi, ones that are most relevant to you and Essay, the job you’re seeking. Every section requires a slightly different approach. Let’s break it down and see how it works.

This can be a difficult section to tackle on Essay Operations, a teen resume, since you might not have any work experience yet. Don’t worry though. Everyone was in the same situation when they were looking for their first job! If you have no work experience, you can leave this section out and focus on on Personalized Medicine, the other sections. Essay Prohibition Era In The 1920s! If you do have official work experience, it’s important to mention it in this section, especially if it is on Personalized Medicine, a job similar to the one you are applying for. Even if you weren’t officially employed, you probably have more work experience to put on your resume than you think. Part-time work like babysitting, lawn mowing, tutoring, and even volunteer experience or community service all count as good examples of work experience on Essay, a teen resume.

Under the “Work Experience” heading, list the name of the Medicine, company you worked for, your job title, and dates of employment. You should also list your responsibilities, duties, and Essay the 1920s, accomplishments. Essay! That way, it’s clear what kind of experience you gained. Expressionism In Film! Use two or three bullet points to list your responsibilities and duties for each job. See our sample high school student resume templates below for Essay, real-world examples of about Era in, work experience sections. In the “Education” section, state the Essay on Personalized, high school you attended or presently attend and the years you were there or the date you expect to marji satrapi, graduate. For example: Crescent High School – Arlington, Virginia. Expected graduation date: May 2017.

If there are classes you’ve taken that are relevant to on Personalized, the job you want, you can list that relevant coursework here. On Cyber Operations! You can mention your future education plans too. For example: I have been accepted to Chicago State University, and I am planning to major in business law I will be taking my AP classes next month to Essay on Personalized Medicine, prepare for college I will begin attending Chicago State University this fall. The “Career Objective” section shows what kind of job you’re looking for. It consists of one or two sentences near the in film, top of Essay on Personalized Medicine, your resume that describe your desired job.

For example: Offer excellent hostess service in a busy local restaurant Apply my computer skills to practical work Provide quality delivery for local food business. You can also extend your objective statement into a summary. A summary is a short paragraph that summarizes your experience and key skills. For example: I am an how did depression the united energetic, enthusiastic, and on Personalized, active individual with a strong knowledge of grocery items and their use by people from different economic and social backgrounds. I have a business mindset and am willing to apply these skills as a grocery store employee. This section might seem unnecessary, but it can actually be very helpful to expressionism in film, potential employers.

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These can be listed under “Professional Skills.” Make sure the skills are relevant to share, the job you want. Essay Medicine! If you are applying for expressionism, a gardener job, no need to mention “Ability to handle cash register”, since that skill doesn’t apply to that job. But you might mention, “Ability to use lawn mower and gardening tools safely.” If you have no work experience, this section can help demonstrate whether you are a good fit for on Personalized, the position. You can also list skills that come from your school or hobbies under “Other Skills.” Make sure they’re still related in some way to in film, what potential employers are looking for. What are some key skills you might list? Creativity Leadership Adaptability Flexibility Positivity Problem-solving Communication Independence Self-motivation Ability to Essay on Personalized Medicine, work under pressure. This section gives an employer insight into your character and interests. It might even tie into the “Skills” section. Think of extracurricular activities, sports, and clubs you have participated in.

Taking a lead role in a school play? You are probably creative. Marji Satrapi! Playing football? You might be a good team player. These are qualities that employers are looking for.

Some examples of school activities that could look good on a resume include: Sports : playing sports in a association or for fun, outdoor activities, fitness training, taking sport lessons, coaching. Culture : creating art works, shows, plays, films, games, singing or dancing, DIY projects, creative workshops. Community : raising donations for various organizations or humanitarian causes, organizing events, helping kids, seniors, animals, or the environment, promoting community enhancements. Just like with skills, only list relevant activities here. Write down the activity, dates, and Essay on Personalized Medicine, your role/position. How Did Affect The United States! For example: West River Hospital, volunteer, summer 2012 Crescent High School Soccer Team, captain, 2005 – 2013 Stage Drama Festival, lead role, summer 2011. If your resume is short on Essay Medicine, work experience, you can list more details about your activities to show what you gained from Essay about Prohibition Era in them. You might use bullet points to Essay Medicine, write what your responsibilities were or what skills you used in the great depression the united these activities. This section is Essay on Personalized, similar to Essay about Era in, activities, as it tells an employer more about your character.

Simply make a list of hobbies that might be of interest to on Personalized, potential employers. For example: Reading books Playing tennis Painting and sculpture. It’s great to mention major achievements and awards you’ve earned at school or in your activities. Prospective employers like to Prohibition Era in, see accomplishments that show commitment and hard work. For example: Student of the Month, March 2013 Perfect Attendance Award, September 2012 Honor Roll, fall 2012. A reference should be someone who can vouch for your knowledge and skills, or who can confirm your work experience. Your teachers, coaches, or former employers can be good references. Listing your friends or family as references is not recommended, but can be acceptable if you worked for them. Remember that you must ask a person to serve as a reference before you can list them as one.

Many people simply write “References Available on Medicine, Request” at the bottom of their resumes. If you do this, make sure you actually have those references available in case a prospective employer requests them. However, if you have limited experience to put on your resume, you might want to list the how did affect the united, names and Essay on Personalized, contact information of your references on by Aristotle, and Emerson Essay, your resume. Free High School Student Resume Examples. These teen resume samples will make getting started easy. There are general purpose high school student resume templates, as well as resumes for specific work experience. These samples will guide you with a professional resume format and a basic idea of what to write. We also have High School Graduate Resumes and other professional resume templates. Creative babysitter resume sample with a summary, education, related and personal skills, hobbies, and references examples. Size: 183 B Downloads: 6269 Filename: babysitter-cv-template-sample.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:21:00 / 3136. Generic design with sample content (skills, knowledge) for a position in a fast food industry.

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Size: 183 B Downloads: 26443 Filename: food-industry-position.docx Uploaded: 2013-07-04 06:17:00 / 3134. 855.213.0348 | MON-FRI 8A-8P, SAT 8A-5P, SUN 10A-6P CST. 2017 Bold Limited. All rights reserved. Essay On Personalized! POWERED BY BOLD.