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Arms Control Essays and Research Papers. Title: What shaped the arms control stance of President George W Bush's Administration How would you assess the administration's arms control policies. 1. Evidence of intellectual discrimination. This includes demonstrating (a) a general sense of the issues being considered, and (b) an ability to identify key points in is strength, a description or argument. 2. Evidence of v for analysis, intellectual control . This includes demonstrating evidence of the following: mastery of the course material; effective organisation of essay is strength, study time and emergent definition methods; a grasp of the conceptual underpinnings of the unit; and an ability to construct a reasoned, soundly structured argument. 3. Evidence of incisive style.

This includes demonstrating an ability to say what one means in a logical, coherent, and concise manner. 4. Evidence of appropriate research. This includes considerations of the essay amount and quality of emergent, research. 5. Adherence to the required scholarly conventions concerning such matters as referencing and essay is strength the avoidance of plagiarism. 6. An ability to construct an interesting, well-presented, and well-written analysis (this includes good sentence construction and the use of correlation examples, correct grammar, punctuation, and spelling). Total Pages: 4 Words: 1213 Bibliography:0 Citation Style: MLA Document Type: Research Paper. Title: An American Foreign Policy That Both Realists and essay Idealists Should Fall in Love With. Total Pages: 2 Words: 738 Sources:0 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay. By ROBERT WRIGHT. Yet idealism has lost some of its luster.

Neoconservatism, whose ascendancy has scared liberals into a new round of soul-searching, seems plenty idealistic, bent on spreading democracy and crouching dragon bai human rights. Indeed, a shared idealism is what led many liberals to join neocons in supporting the Iraq war, which hasnt turned out ideally. In retrospect, realists who were skeptical of the invasion, like Brent Scowcroft and Samuel Huntington, are looking pretty wise. Its an unappealing choice: chillingly clinical self-interest or dangerously naive altruism? Fortunately, its a false choice.

During the post-cold-war era, the security landscape has changed a lot, in some ways for on unity is strength the worse; witness the emergent definition role of nonstate actors last week in India, Israel and Iraq. But this changing environment has a rarely noted upside: Its now possible to build a foreign policy paradigm that comes close to squaring the essay on unity circle ?? reconciling the humanitarian aims of after the operation, idealists with the powerful logic of realists. And adopting this paradigm could make the chaos of the last week less common in the future. Every paradigm needs a name, and the best name for this one is progressive realism. The label has a nice ring (Who is against essay progress?) and it aptly suggests bipartisan appeal. This is a realism that could attract many liberals and a progressivism that could attract some conservatives. With such crossover potential, this paradigm might even help Democrats win a presidential election. But Democrats can embrace it only if theyre willing to annoy an tiger dragon bai interest group or two and also reject a premise common in Democratic policy circles lately: that the key to a winning foreign policy is to recalibrate the essay partys manhood ?? just take boilerplate liberal foreign policy and add a testosterone patch. Even if that prescription did help win an vendetta film election, it wouldnt succeed in on unity is strength, protecting America.

Progressive realism begins with a cardinal doctrine of traditional realism: the purpose of American foreign policy is to serve American interests. Psychology? But these days serving American interests means abandoning another traditional belief of realists ?? that so long as foreign governments dont endanger American interests on the geopolitical chess board, their domestic affairs dont concern us. In an age when Americans are threatened by overseas bioweapons labs and outbreaks of essay, flu, by Chinese pollution that enters lungs in Oregon, by imploding African states that could turn into crouching hidden dragon bai terrorist havens, by authoritarian Arab governments that push young men toward radicalism, the classic realist indifference to the interiors of nations is untenable. In that sense progressive realists look a lot like neoconservatives and essay traditional liberals: concerned about the well-being of foreigners, albeit out of emergent definition, strict national interest. Essay On Unity Is Strength? But progressive realism has two core themes that make it clearly distinctive, and theyre reflected in two different meanings of the word progressive. First, the flowers for algernon charlie word signifies a belief in, well, progress.

Free markets are spreading across the world on the strength of their productivity, and economic liberty tends to foster political liberty. Yes, the Chinese government could probably reverse the growth in popular expression of the past two decades, but only by severely restricting information technologies that are prerequisites for prosperity. Meanwhile, notwithstanding dogged efforts at on unity repression, political pluralism in China is growing. Flowers For Algernon Charlie After? Oddly, this progressive realist faith in markets seems to be stronger than the essay is strength vaunted neoconservative faith in markets. After all, if you believe that history is on the side of political freedom ?? and that this technological era is giving freedom an especially strong push ?? your approach to fostering democracy isnt to invade countries and impose it. V For Film? And if you believe that the tentacles of capitalism help spread freedom, you dont threaten to on unity is strength disrupt economic engagement with China for examples such small gains as the release of a few political prisoners. A strong Democratic emphasis on economic engagement always threatens to alienate liberal human rights activists, as well as union leaders concerned about cheap labor abroad. But the losses can be minimized, thanks to the second meaning of the word progressive. The American progressives of is strength, a century ago saw that as economic activity moved from a regional to crouching hidden dragon li mu bai a national level, some parts of governance needed to reside at the national level as well. Hence federal antitrust enforcement and the Pure Food and Drug Act.

Analogously, problems that today accompany globalization call for institutionalized international responses. In the economic realm, progressivism means continuing to support the World Trade Organization as a bulwark against protectionism ?? but also giving it the authority to essay address labor issues, as union leaders have long advocated. Vendetta? Environmental issues, too, should be addressed at the W.T.O. and is strength through other bodies of regional and global governance. Nowhere does this emphasis on international governance contrast more clearly with recent Republican ideology than in arms control . The default neoconservative approach to definition weapons of on unity is strength, mass destruction seems to be that when you suspect a nation has them, you invade it. The Iraq experience suggests that repeated reliance on this policy could grow wearying. Hidden Li Mu Bai? The president, to judge by on unity, his late-May overture toward Iran and his subdued tone toward North Korea, may be sensing as much. Still, he is nowhere near embracing the necessary alternative: arms control accords that would impose highly intrusive inspections on all parties. Neoconservatives, along with the Buchananite nationalist right, see in this approach an unacceptable sacrifice of national sovereignty. But such sacrifices can strengthen America. One reason international weapons inspectors havent gotten a good fix on Irans nuclear program is that the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty gives them access only to declared sites. Wouldnt Americans be willing to change that and let inspectors examine America more broadly ?? we have nothing to hide, after all ?? if that made it harder for other nations to cheat on the treaty?

There is a principle here that goes beyond arms control : the of competent national interest can be served by constraints on Americas behavior when they constrain other nations as well. This logic covers the spectrum of international governance, from essay on unity is strength, global warming (well cut carbon dioxide emissions if you will) to war (well refrain from it if you will). This doesnt mean joining the negative examples deepest devotees of international law and vowing never to fight a war that lacks backing by the United Nations Security Council. On Unity? But it does mean that, in the case of Iraq, ignoring the Security Council and international opinion had excessive costs: (1) eroding the norm against Competency, Sanity Essay invasions not justified by self-defense or imminent threat; (2) throwing away a golden post-9/11 opportunity to strengthen the United Nations power as a weapons inspector. The last message we needed to essay send is the one President Bush sent: countries that succumb to vendetta pressure to admit weapons inspectors will be invaded anyway. Essay? Peacefully blunting the threats posed by nuclear technologies in North Korea and Iran would be tricky in any event, but this message has made it trickier. (Ever wonder why Iran wants security guarantees?) The administrations misjudgment in flowers for algernon charlie, Iraq highlights the distinction ?? sometimes glossed over by neoconservatives ?? between transparency and regime change. Had we held off on invasion, demanding in return that United Nations inspections be expanded and extended, we could have rendered Iraq transparent, confirming that it posed no near-term threat.

Regime change wasnt essential. To be sure, authoritarianisms demise is a key long-term goal. Essay On Unity Is Strength? Authoritarian states never have the vendetta film analysis natural transparency of free-market democracies, and the evolution of biotechnology will make an increasingly fine-grained transparency vital to essay security. But this degree of transparency will only slowly become a strict prerequisite for national security, because the Sanity Essay bioweapons most plausibly available to terrorists in the near term arent effective weapons of truly mass destruction. (Anthrax isnt contagious, for example, and there is a vaccine for essay on unity smallpox.) For now we can be patient and nurture regime change through economic engagement and other forms of for algernon charlie, peaceful, above-board influence. The result will be more indigenous, more culturally authentic paths to democracy than flow from invasion or American-backed coups detat ?? and more conducive to Americas security than, say, the current situation in on unity is strength, Iraq. Democrats can join President Bush in proclaiming that freedom is on the march without buying his formula for assisting it. When expressing disdain for flowers charlie after international governance, the Bush administration morphs from essay on unity, visionary neocon idealist into coolly rational realist. Foreign policy, were told, is tiger dragon bai not for naive, Kumbaya-singing liberals who are seduced by illusions of international cooperation. On Unity? Yet the president, in his aversion to multilateralism, flunks Realism 101.

He has let America fall prey to crouching tiger hidden dragon bai what economists call the free rider problem. Even if we grant the mistaken premise that the Iraq war would make the whole world safer from terrorism, why should America pay so much blood and treasure? Why let the rest of civilization be a free rider? The high cost of free riders matters all the more in light of how many problems beyond Americas borders threaten Americas interests. The slaughter in Darfur, though a humanitarian crisis, is also a security issue, given how hospitable collapsed states can be to terrorists.

But if addressing the Darfur problem will indeed help thwart terrorism internationally, then the costs of the mission should be shared. President Bushs belated diplomatic involvement in Darfur suggests growing enlightenment, but sluggish ad hoc multilateralism isnt enough. We need multilateral structures capable of decisively forceful intervention and nation building ?? ideally under the essay on unity auspices of the United Nations, which has more global legitimacy than other candidates. America should lead in building these structures and thereafter contribute its share, but only its share. To some extent, the nurturing of international institutions and Competency, Essay solid international law is simple thrift. And the accounting rules are subtle. As weve seen lately, the cost of military action can go not just beyond dollars and cents, but beyond the immediate toll of dead and essay on unity is strength wounded. In an crouching tiger hidden li mu age when cell phones can take pictures and essay videos of collateral damage and then e-mail them, and terrorists recruit via Web site imagery, intervention abroad can bring long-term blowback.

Further, when you consider the various ways information technology helps terrorists ?? not just to recruit more fighters to the cause, but to orchestrate attacks and spread recipes for munitions ?? and you throw in advances in munitions technology, an alarming principle suggests itself: In coming years, grass-roots hatred and resentment of America may be converted into v for vendetta film analysis the death of Americans with growing efficiency. That domestic security depends increasingly on popular sentiment abroad makes it important for America to be seen as a good global citizen ?? respecting international laws and is strength norms and sensing the needs of neighbors. One of President Bushs most effective uses of power was the tsunami relief effort of 2004, which raised regard for and Diminished Capacity Americans in essay on unity, the worlds largest Muslim country, Indonesia. Much of the war on terror isnt military. Of course, some of it is, and Competency, Sanity Essay well need the capacity to project force anywhere, anytime. Still, a full accounting of the costs of intervention makes it clear that we cant afford to be the essay on unity worlds army. Fortunately, globalization has made the peaceful suppression of at least some forms of disorder easier. Economic interdependence makes war among nations less attractive, and definition never before has this interdependence brought so much transborder contact among businesspeople and politicians. So its not shocking that India and China, which clashed repeatedly over essay is strength disputed borders during the cold war, have kept things cool since becoming enmeshed in the global economy. Or that the most worrisome nation of the moment, North Korea, is about the most isolated from the global economy; or that its rival for worrisomeness, Iran, is far from full immersion. Obviously, wars can happen even when theyre irrational.

Still, their growing irrationality is a progressive force worth honoring. It strengthens the emergent definition case for economic engagement and for is strength regional and other international bodies that help cement commercial entanglement with political cooperation. The excesses of correlation, neoconservative idealism have prompted various scholars to adapt realist principles to a changing world. Essay? The political scientists John Ikenberry and Charles Kupchan outlined a liberal realism two years ago, and of competent Mr. Ikenberrys book, After Victory, showed how international governance can serve the interests of hegemonic powers.

This fall the historians Anatol Lieven and John Hulsman will publish a foreign policy manifesto called Ethical Realism. Such works are true to the spirit of Hans Morgenthau, chief architect of realism. Writing in the mid-20th century, he emphasized that realisms implications would change as the world changed. World peace could require radical constraints on national sovereignty, he said, and the nation-state might drop in on unity is strength, significance as larger units rose. Morgenthau seems to have sensed something that later political scientists dwelt on: technology has been making the worlds nations more interdependent ?? or, as game theorists put it, more non-zero-sum. That is, Americas fortunes are growing more closely correlated with the fortunes of people far away; fewer games have simple win-lose outcomes, and more have either win-win or lose-lose outcomes. This principle lies at the heart of progressive realism. A correlation of fortunes ?? being in the same boat with other nations in matters of economics, environment, security ?? is what makes international governance serve national interest. It is also what makes enlightened self-interest de facto humanitarian.

Progressive realists see that America can best flourish if others flourish ?? if African states cohere, if the worlds Muslims feel they benefit from the world order, if personal and environmental health are nurtured, if economic inequities abroad are muted so that young democracies can be stable and strong. More and more, doing well means doing good. Of course, resources arent infinite, and v for film analysis the world has lots of problems. But focusing on national interest helps focus resources. Notwithstanding last weeks carnage in the Middle East, more people have been dying in Sri Lankas civil war than in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

But given the threat of anti-American Islamist terrorism, forging a lasting two-state solution in is strength, the Middle East is a higher priority than bringing lasting peace to Sri Lanka. Definition Of Competent? This sounds harsh, but it is only acknowledgment of something often left unsaid: a nations foreign policy will always favor the essay on unity interests of its citizens and so fall short of moral perfection. We can at least be thankful that history, by intertwining the fates of crouching, peoples, is bringing national interest closer to moral ideals. Harnessing this benign dynamic isnt the essay only redemptive feature of progressive realism. Competency, Capacity Essay? Morgenthau emphasized that sound strategy requires a respectful understanding of all players in essay on unity is strength, the game. The political actor, he wrote, must put himself into the other mans shoes, look at the world and judge it as he does. This immersion in the perspective of the other is sometimes called moral imagination, and it is Competency, and Diminished Essay hard. Understanding why some people hate America, and why terrorists kill, is essay is strength challenging not just intellectually but emotionally. Yet it is negative examples psychology crucial and essay on unity is strength has been lacking in President Bush, who saves time by ascribing behavior that threatens America to the hatred of freedom or (and this is a real time saver) to evil. As Morgenthau saw, exploring the root causes of bad behavior, far from being a sentimentalist weakness, informs the deft use of power. Realpolitik is reality-based.

Is progressive realism salable? The administrations post-9/11 message may be more viscerally appealing: Rid the world of evil, and do so with bravado and intimidating strength. But this approach has gotten some negative feedback from the real world, and there is a growing desire for America to emergent definition regain the on unity is strength respect President Bush has squandered. Maybe Americans are ready to meet reality on crouching tiger bai its own terms. Essay Is Strength? Robert Wright, a senior fellow at the New America Foundation, is the author of The Moral Animal and Nonzero: The Logic of Human Destiny. By ROBERT WRIGHT. As liberals try to articulate a post-Bush foreign policy, some are feeling a bit of cognitive dissonance.

They have always thought of themselves as idealistic, concerned with the welfare of humankind. Not for them the ruthlessly narrow focus on national self-interest of the realist foreign policy school. That schools most famous practitioner, Henry Kissinger, is for many liberals a reminder of how easily the of competent ostensible amorality of classic realism slides into immorality. Essay On Unity Is Strength? Yet idealism has lost some of its luster. Competency, Essay? Neoconservatism, whose ascendancy has scared liberals into a new round of soul-searching, seems plenty idealistic, bent on spreading democracy and human rights. Indeed, a shared idealism is what led many liberals to join neocons in supporting the Iraq war, which hasnt turned out ideally. In retrospect, realists who were skeptical of the on unity is strength invasion, like Brent Scowcroft and Samuel Huntington, are looking pretty wise. Its an unappealing choice: chillingly clinical self-interest or dangerously naive altruism? Fortunately, its a false choice.

During the post-cold-war era, the security landscape has changed a lot, in some ways for the worse; witness the role of nonstate actors last week in India, Israel and Iraq. But this changing environment has a rarely noted upside: Its now possible to build a foreign policy paradigm that comes close to squaring the circle ?? reconciling the humanitarian aims of idealists with the powerful logic of realists. And adopting this paradigm could make the chaos of the Competency, Sanity and Diminished Essay last week less common in the future. Every paradigm needs a name, and the best name for this one is progressive realism. The label has a nice ring (Who is against progress?) and it aptly suggests bipartisan appeal. This is a realism that could attract many liberals and a progressivism that could attract some conservatives. With such crossover potential, this paradigm might even help Democrats win a presidential election. But Democrats can embrace it only if theyre willing to annoy an interest group or two and also reject a premise common in Democratic policy circles lately: that the key to a winning foreign policy is to recalibrate the partys manhood ?? just take boilerplate liberal foreign policy and add a testosterone patch. Even if that prescription did help win an election, it wouldnt succeed in protecting America. Progressive realism begins with a cardinal doctrine of traditional realism: the purpose of American foreign policy is to serve American interests.

But these days serving American interests means abandoning another traditional belief of realists ?? that so long as foreign governments dont endanger American interests on the geopolitical chess board, their domestic affairs dont concern us. In an age when Americans are threatened by overseas bioweapons labs and outbreaks of flu, by Chinese pollution that enters lungs in Oregon, by imploding African states that could turn into terrorist havens, by authoritarian Arab governments that push young men toward radicalism, the essay classic realist indifference to the interiors of nations is untenable. In that sense progressive realists look a lot like neoconservatives and traditional liberals: concerned about the well-being of foreigners, albeit out of tiger dragon bai, strict national interest. Essay On Unity Is Strength? But progressive realism has two core themes that make it clearly distinctive, and theyre reflected in two different meanings of the tiger dragon li mu word progressive. First, the word signifies a belief in, well, progress. Free markets are spreading across the world on the strength of their productivity, and economic liberty tends to foster political liberty. Yes, the Chinese government could probably reverse the growth in popular expression of the past two decades, but only by severely restricting information technologies that are prerequisites for prosperity. Meanwhile, notwithstanding dogged efforts at repression, political pluralism in China is growing. Essay Is Strength? Oddly, this progressive realist faith in Competency, Sanity Essay, markets seems to be stronger than the essay on unity is strength vaunted neoconservative faith in markets.

After all, if you believe that history is on the side of political freedom ?? and that this technological era is giving freedom an especially strong push ?? your approach to fostering democracy isnt to invade countries and emergent impose it. And if you believe that the tentacles of capitalism help spread freedom, you dont threaten to disrupt economic engagement with China for such small gains as the release of a few political prisoners. A strong Democratic emphasis on economic engagement always threatens to alienate liberal human rights activists, as well as union leaders concerned about cheap labor abroad. But the losses can be minimized, thanks to on unity is strength the second meaning of the crouching hidden dragon li mu word progressive. The American progressives of a century ago saw that as economic activity moved from a regional to a national level, some parts of governance needed to reside at the national level as well. Hence federal antitrust enforcement and the Pure Food and Drug Act.

Analogously, problems that today accompany globalization call for institutionalized international responses. On Unity? In the economic realm, progressivism means continuing to support the World Trade Organization as a bulwark against protectionism ?? but also giving it the authority to address labor issues, as union leaders have long advocated. Environmental issues, too, should be addressed at the W.T.O. and through other bodies of regional and definition global governance. Nowhere does this emphasis on international governance contrast more clearly with recent Republican ideology than in arms control . The default neoconservative approach to weapons of mass destruction seems to be that when you suspect a nation has them, you invade it. The Iraq experience suggests that repeated reliance on essay on unity is strength this policy could grow wearying. Definition? The president, to judge by his late-May overture toward Iran and his subdued tone toward North Korea, may be sensing as much. Still, he is nowhere near embracing the essay necessary alternative: arms control accords that would impose highly intrusive inspections on all parties.

Neoconservatives, along with the Buchananite nationalist right, see in this approach an definition unacceptable sacrifice of national sovereignty. But such sacrifices can strengthen America. One reason international weapons inspectors havent gotten a good fix on Irans nuclear program is that the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty gives them access only to declared sites. Essay On Unity Is Strength? Wouldnt Americans be willing to change that and let inspectors examine America more broadly ?? we have nothing to v for vendetta hide, after all ?? if that made it harder for other nations to essay is strength cheat on the treaty? There is a principle here that goes beyond arms control : the national interest can be served by correlation psychology, constraints on Americas behavior when they constrain other nations as well. This logic covers the essay on unity spectrum of international governance, from global warming (well cut carbon dioxide emissions if you will) to examples war (well refrain from it if you will). This doesnt mean joining the deepest devotees of international law and vowing never to fight a war that lacks backing by the United Nations Security Council. But it does mean that, in the case of Iraq, ignoring the essay on unity Security Council and international opinion had excessive costs: (1) eroding the norm against invasions not justified by definition of competent, self-defense or imminent threat; (2) throwing away a golden post-9/11 opportunity to strengthen the United Nations power as a weapons inspector.

The last message we needed to send is the one President Bush sent: countries that succumb to pressure to admit weapons inspectors will be invaded anyway. Peacefully blunting the threats posed by essay on unity is strength, nuclear technologies in North Korea and Iran would be tricky in any event, but this message has made it trickier. Negative Correlation Examples? (Ever wonder why Iran wants security guarantees?) The administrations misjudgment in essay on unity is strength, Iraq highlights the distinction ?? sometimes glossed over by neoconservatives ?? between transparency and regime change. Had we held off on v for invasion, demanding in return that United Nations inspections be expanded and extended, we could have rendered Iraq transparent, confirming that it posed no near-term threat. Essay On Unity? Regime change wasnt essential. To be sure, authoritarianisms demise is Competency, a key long-term goal. Authoritarian states never have the natural transparency of free-market democracies, and the evolution of on unity, biotechnology will make an increasingly fine-grained transparency vital to security. But this degree of transparency will only slowly become a strict prerequisite for negative correlation national security, because the bioweapons most plausibly available to terrorists in the near term arent effective weapons of truly mass destruction. (Anthrax isnt contagious, for example, and there is a vaccine for smallpox.) For now we can be patient and nurture regime change through economic engagement and essay other forms of peaceful, above-board influence. The result will be more indigenous, more culturally authentic paths to democracy than flow from invasion or American-backed coups detat ?? and more conducive to Essay Americas security than, say, the essay current situation in Iraq. And Diminished Essay? Democrats can join President Bush in proclaiming that freedom is on the march without buying his formula for assisting it. When expressing disdain for international governance, the Bush administration morphs from visionary neocon idealist into coolly rational realist.

Foreign policy, were told, is not for naive, Kumbaya-singing liberals who are seduced by illusions of international cooperation. Essay? Yet the president, in his aversion to for algernon charlie the operation multilateralism, flunks Realism 101. On Unity Is Strength? He has let America fall prey to what economists call the free rider problem. Even if we grant the mistaken premise that the Iraq war would make the whole world safer from terrorism, why should America pay so much blood and treasure? Why let the flowers for algernon charlie rest of is strength, civilization be a free rider? The high cost of free riders matters all the more in light of how many problems beyond Americas borders threaten Americas interests. The slaughter in Darfur, though a humanitarian crisis, is also a security issue, given how hospitable collapsed states can be to terrorists.

But if addressing the correlation Darfur problem will indeed help thwart terrorism internationally, then the costs of the mission should be shared. President Bushs belated diplomatic involvement in Darfur suggests growing enlightenment, but sluggish ad hoc multilateralism isnt enough. On Unity? We need multilateral structures capable of decisively forceful intervention and nation building ?? ideally under the auspices of the United Nations, which has more global legitimacy than other candidates. America should lead in building these structures and thereafter contribute its share, but only its share. To some extent, the negative correlation psychology nurturing of international institutions and solid international law is simple thrift. And the essay accounting rules are subtle. As weve seen lately, the Competency, and Diminished cost of military action can go not just beyond dollars and cents, but beyond the immediate toll of dead and is strength wounded.

In an age when cell phones can take pictures and flowers for algernon the operation videos of collateral damage and then e-mail them, and terrorists recruit via Web site imagery, intervention abroad can bring long-term blowback. Further, when you consider the various ways information technology helps terrorists ?? not just to recruit more fighters to the cause, but to orchestrate attacks and spread recipes for munitions ?? and you throw in advances in munitions technology, an alarming principle suggests itself: In coming years, grass-roots hatred and resentment of America may be converted into the death of Americans with growing efficiency. That domestic security depends increasingly on popular sentiment abroad makes it important for America to on unity be seen as a good global citizen ?? respecting international laws and norms and sensing the needs of neighbors. One of President Bushs most effective uses of power was the tsunami relief effort of 2004, which raised regard for v for analysis Americans in the worlds largest Muslim country, Indonesia. Much of the essay on unity is strength war on terror isnt military.

Of course, some of it is, and well need the definition capacity to project force anywhere, anytime. Still, a full accounting of the costs of intervention makes it clear that we cant afford to be the worlds army. Fortunately, globalization has made the peaceful suppression of at on unity least some forms of disorder easier. Definition Of Competent? Economic interdependence makes war among nations less attractive, and never before has this interdependence brought so much transborder contact among businesspeople and politicians. So its not shocking that India and China, which clashed repeatedly over disputed borders during the cold war, have kept things cool since becoming enmeshed in the global economy.

Or that the most worrisome nation of the moment, North Korea, is about the most isolated from the essay on unity global economy; or that its rival for worrisomeness, Iran, is far from full immersion. Obviously, wars can happen even when theyre irrational. Still, their growing irrationality is a progressive force worth honoring. It strengthens the case for economic engagement and for regional and other international bodies that help cement commercial entanglement with political cooperation. Negative Examples? The excesses of neoconservative idealism have prompted various scholars to adapt realist principles to a changing world. The political scientists John Ikenberry and Charles Kupchan outlined a liberal realism two years ago, and Mr. Ikenberrys book, After Victory, showed how international governance can serve the interests of essay on unity is strength, hegemonic powers. This fall the historians Anatol Lieven and John Hulsman will publish a foreign policy manifesto called Ethical Realism. Such works are true to the spirit of Hans Morgenthau, chief architect of realism. Writing in the mid-20th century, he emphasized that realisms implications would change as the world changed. World peace could require radical constraints on national sovereignty, he said, and the nation-state might drop in significance as larger units rose.

Morgenthau seems to have sensed something that later political scientists dwelt on: technology has been making the emergent worlds nations more interdependent ?? or, as game theorists put it, more non-zero-sum. On Unity Is Strength? That is, Americas fortunes are growing more closely correlated with the fortunes of people far away; fewer games have simple win-lose outcomes, and more have either win-win or lose-lose outcomes. This principle lies at the heart of progressive realism. A correlation of fortunes ?? being in the same boat with other nations in matters of economics, environment, security ?? is what makes international governance serve national interest. It is also what makes enlightened self-interest de facto humanitarian. Progressive realists see that America can best flourish if others flourish ?? if African states cohere, if the for algernon charlie worlds Muslims feel they benefit from the world order, if personal and environmental health are nurtured, if economic inequities abroad are muted so that young democracies can be stable and strong. Essay On Unity Is Strength? More and more, doing well means doing good. Flowers? Of course, resources arent infinite, and the world has lots of problems. But focusing on national interest helps focus resources.

Notwithstanding last weeks carnage in on unity, the Middle East, more people have been dying in Sri Lankas civil war than in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. But given the of competent threat of anti-American Islamist terrorism, forging a lasting two-state solution in the Middle East is a higher priority than bringing lasting peace to is strength Sri Lanka. This sounds harsh, but it is only acknowledgment of something often left unsaid: a nations foreign policy will always favor the interests of v for vendetta film, its citizens and so fall short of moral perfection. We can at least be thankful that history, by intertwining the fates of peoples, is bringing national interest closer to is strength moral ideals. Harnessing this benign dynamic isnt the only redemptive feature of progressive realism. Morgenthau emphasized that sound strategy requires a respectful understanding of definition of competent, all players in the game. The political actor, he wrote, must put himself into the other mans shoes, look at essay on unity the world and judge it as he does. This immersion in the perspective of the definition other is sometimes called moral imagination, and it is hard. Understanding why some people hate America, and on unity why terrorists kill, is challenging not just intellectually but emotionally. Flowers For Algernon Charlie After? Yet it is crucial and has been lacking in President Bush, who saves time by ascribing behavior that threatens America to the hatred of is strength, freedom or (and this is a real time saver) to evil. As Morgenthau saw, exploring the crouching tiger hidden dragon root causes of bad behavior, far from is strength, being a sentimentalist weakness, informs the flowers for algernon after the operation deft use of power. Realpolitik is reality-based. Is progressive realism salable?

The administrations post-9/11 message may be more viscerally appealing: Rid the is strength world of evil, and do so with bravado and definition intimidating strength. But this approach has gotten some negative feedback from the real world, and there is essay is strength a growing desire for America to regain the respect President Bush has squandered. Maybe Americans are ready to meet reality on its own terms. Total Pages: 2 Words: 892 References:1 Citation Style: None Document Type: Research Paper. Go to tiger hidden li mu bai the Opinion Page of the online New York Times or Fox News. Nobel Speech-- Aristotle and essay on unity is strength Bitzer.

Rhetorically analyze President Obama's recent Nobel Prize Acceptance speech. Video of Speech: http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/video?id=7164514. Full text of definition, Speech: http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5iRWjTDaT4JuS0nFj9APZAues8vjAD9CGFID00. A Very Brief History of How We Arrived in the Modern Era (The Fall of Classical Rhetoric) The first idea is that rhetoric can help us discover provisional knowledge. Aristotles teacher, Plato, believed that rhetoric was primarily a deceptive art and that only essay on unity is strength, dialectic (a strict examination by logic by question and answer) could arrive at truth which was always transcendent and untouchable. The late eighteenth century Belles Letteres movement also weakened the correlation examples psychology scope of rhetoric. The Belles Lettres movement was the beginnings of on unity is strength, literary criticism and appreciation, but the focus on interpreting the finished products of writing took focus away from the generative powers of rhetoric.

See page 190 in Herrick for a full description of the effects of the Belles Letteres movement. Over the course of the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, rhetoric as a field of interest and of study went into decline. V For Vendetta Film Analysis? Once again, invention was lost from the on unity idea of definition, rhetoric. Furthermore, the focus on literature over essay on unity rhetoric created an academic divide between the subjects. Professors began to drop the subject of rhetoric from hidden dragon li mu bai, their titles and essay issues of classical rhetoric began to take a back seat to the study of literature. The early essays can be seen in the light as in conversation with the Belles Letteres movement and the dominance of the English studies departments. These early efforts in dragon li mu, rhetorical criticism carve out a difference in study, important and relevant to us is the study of the audience. In the introduction to chapter one of Readings in is strength, Rhetorical Criticism, Carl Burghhardt writes that [Herbert A.] Wichelns argues that there are important differences between literary and rhetorical criticism concerned with evaluating the correlation examples psychology wisdom, beauty, and truth contained in essay is strength, the great works of fiction, while rhetorical criticism is devoted to assessing the persuasive effect of situated oratory.

Wichelns focuses on discovering and appreciating how speakers adapt their ideas to particular audiences (1). Neo Aristotelian Analysis Because modern rhetoric is very much the rebirth of the full fecundity of classical rhetoric, it may be proper that we again find Aristotle in emergent, the modern day. On Unity Is Strength? For those of you who have taken the crouching li mu History of Rhetoric, you have already written one Aristotelian analysis with an ancient speech, but Aristotle can be applied to any time period, so it might be useful to you to see him in the modern era and even more useful to those who have not taken The History of on unity is strength, Rhetoric, to understand his basic ideas and to see a basic example of of competent, rhetorical analysis before we move on to the more complex theory. Essay? Aristotle will be vital. Text of Obama's Nobel Peace Prize speech. By The Associated Press (AP) Dec 10, 2009. The text of President Obama's Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech, delivered Thursday in Oslo, Norway, as provided by the White House: Your Majesties, Your Royal Highnesses, Distinguished Members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, citizens of America, and citizens of the world: I receive this honor with deep gratitude and great humility. It is an v for analysis award that speaks to essay on unity our highest aspirations that for all the cruelty and v for hardship of essay, our world, we are not mere prisoners of fate. Our actions matter, and can bend history in the direction of v for vendetta film analysis, justice. And yet I would be remiss if I did not acknowledge the considerable controversy that your generous decision has generated. In part, this is because I am at the beginning, and not the end, of my labors on the world stage.

Compared to is strength some of the giants of history who have received this prize Schweitzer and King; Marshall and Mandela my accomplishments are slight. And then there are the men and women around the world who have been jailed and beaten in the pursuit of justice; those who toil in humanitarian organizations to flowers charlie after the operation relieve suffering; the essay on unity is strength unrecognized millions whose quiet acts of courage and compassion inspire even the most hardened of cynics. I cannot argue with those who find these men and women some known, some obscure to all but those they help to be far more deserving of this honor than I. But perhaps the most profound issue surrounding my receipt of this prize is the fact that I am the Commander-in-Chief of a nation in the midst of flowers for algernon charlie the operation, two wars. One of these wars is winding down. The other is a conflict that America did not seek; one in which we are joined by 43 other countries including Norway in an effort to defend ourselves and all nations from essay, further attacks. Still, we are at war, and I am responsible for the deployment of thousands of young Americans to battle in a distant land. Some will kill. Some will be killed. And so I come here with an acute sense of the cost of armed conflict filled with difficult questions about the Competency, Sanity relationship between war and peace, and our effort to replace one with the on unity is strength other. These questions are not new.

War, in one form or another, appeared with the first man. At the dawn of history, its morality was not questioned; it was simply a fact, like drought or disease the Sanity Capacity manner in which tribes and then civilizations sought power and settled their differences. Over time, as codes of law sought to control violence within groups, so did philosophers, clerics and statesmen seek to is strength regulate the destructive power of war. The concept of correlation examples, a just war emerged, suggesting that war is justified only when it meets certain preconditions: if it is waged as a last resort or in self-defense; if the forced used is proportional; and if, whenever possible, civilians are spared from violence. For most of history, this concept of just war was rarely observed. The capacity of human beings to think up new ways to kill one another proved inexhaustible, as did our capacity to essay is strength exempt from mercy those who look different or pray to v for vendetta film analysis a different God. Wars between armies gave way to wars between nations total wars in which the distinction between combatant and civilian became blurred. In the span of essay on unity, 30 years, such carnage would twice engulf this continent. And while it is hard to v for vendetta film analysis conceive of essay on unity is strength, a cause more just than the v for vendetta film defeat of the Third Reich and the Axis powers, World War II was a conflict in which the total number of civilians who died exceeded the number of soldiers who perished. Essay On Unity? In the wake of v for vendetta, such destruction, and with the essay advent of the nuclear age, it became clear to crouching dragon bai victor and vanquished alike that the world needed institutions to prevent another World War. And so, a quarter century after the on unity is strength United States Senate rejected the Competency, Sanity Essay League of Nations an idea for which Woodrow Wilson received this Prize America led the world in constructing an architecture to keep the peace: a Marshall Plan and essay is strength a United Nations, mechanisms to govern the waging of war, treaties to protect human rights, prevent genocide and crouching tiger hidden dragon bai restrict the most dangerous weapons.

In many ways, these efforts succeeded. Yes, terrible wars have been fought, and atrocities committed. But there has been no Third World War. The Cold War ended with jubilant crowds dismantling a wall. Commerce has stitched much of the world together.

Billions have been lifted from poverty. The ideals of liberty, self-determination, equality and the rule of law have haltingly advanced. We are the heirs of the fortitude and foresight of essay on unity, generations past, and it is a legacy for which my own country is rightfully proud. A decade into negative correlation a new century, this old architecture is essay is strength buckling under the weight of new threats. The world may no longer shudder at the prospect of war between two nuclear superpowers, but proliferation may increase the emergent risk of catastrophe. Terrorism has long been a tactic, but modern technology allows a few small men with outsized rage to murder innocents on a horrific scale. Moreover, wars between nations have increasingly given way to wars within nations. The resurgence of ethnic or sectarian conflicts, the growth of secessionist movements, insurgencies and failed states have increasingly trapped civilians in unending chaos. In today's wars, many more civilians are killed than soldiers; the on unity is strength seeds of future conflict are sown, economies are wrecked, civil societies torn asunder, refugees amassed and children scarred.

I do not bring with me today a definitive solution to the problems of war. What I do know is that meeting these challenges will require the same vision, hard work and hidden dragon persistence of those men and women who acted so boldly decades ago. And it will require us to think in new ways about the notions of essay, just war and the imperatives of charlie after the operation, a just peace. We must begin by acknowledging the hard truth that we will not eradicate violent conflict in our lifetimes. There will be times when nations acting individually or in concert will find the use of force not only necessary but morally justified.

I make this statement mindful of what Martin Luther King said in this same ceremony years ago: Violence never brings permanent peace. It solves no social problem: It merely creates new and more complicated ones. As someone who stands here as a direct consequence of Dr. King's life's work, I am living testimony to the moral force of non-violence. I know there is nothing weak, nothing passive, nothing naive in the creed and lives of Gandhi and King. But as a head of state sworn to protect and defend my nation, I cannot be guided by their examples alone. I face the essay on unity is strength world as it is, and emergent definition cannot stand idle in the face of threats to the American people.

For make no mistake: Evil does exist in the world. Essay? A nonviolent movement could not have halted Hitler's armies. Negotiations cannot convince al-Qaidas leaders to of competent lay down their arms . To say that force is sometimes necessary is not a call to cynicism it is a recognition of history, the imperfections of man and the limits of reason. I raise this point because in is strength, many countries there is v for analysis a deep ambivalence about military action today, no matter the cause. At times, this is joined by a reflexive suspicion of America, the worlds sole military superpower. Yet the essay on unity world must remember that it was not simply international institutions not just treaties and declarations that brought stability to a post-World War II world. Whatever mistakes we have made, the plain fact is this: The United States of America has helped underwrite global security for more than six decades with the blood of our citizens and crouching hidden bai the strength of our arms . The service and sacrifice of on unity, our men and women in uniform has promoted peace and prosperity from Germany to Korea, and enabled democracy to take hold in places like the Balkans.

We have borne this burden not because we seek to impose our will. We have done so out of enlightened self-interest because we seek a better future for our children and flowers charlie after grandchildren, and we believe that their lives will be better if other people's children and grandchildren can live in freedom and prosperity. Essay On Unity Is Strength? So yes, the correlation psychology instruments of war do have a role to on unity play in preserving the peace. And yet this truth must coexist with another that no matter how justified, war promises human tragedy. The soldiers courage and negative examples psychology sacrifice is full of glory, expressing devotion to country, to cause and to comrades in arms . But war itself is never glorious, and essay on unity is strength we must never trumpet it as such. So part of our challenge is v for analysis reconciling these two seemingly irreconcilable truths that war is sometimes necessary, and war is at some level an expression of human folly.

Concretely, we must direct our effort to the task that President Kennedy called for long ago. Let us focus, he said, on a more practical, more attainable peace, based not on a sudden revolution in human nature but on a gradual evolution in human institutions. What might this evolution look like? What might these practical steps be? To begin with, I believe that all nations strong and essay is strength weak alike must adhere to standards that govern the examples use of essay is strength, force. I like any head of state reserve the right to act unilaterally if necessary to defend my nation. Nevertheless, I am convinced that adhering to standards strengthens those who do, and film isolates and weakens those who dont. The world rallied around America after the 9/11 attacks, and continues to support our efforts in Afghanistan, because of the horror of those senseless attacks and the recognized principle of self-defense. Likewise, the on unity world recognized the need to examples confront Saddam Hussein when he invaded Kuwait a consensus that sent a clear message to all about the cost of aggression. Furthermore, America cannot insist that others follow the rules of the road if we refuse to follow them ourselves. Is Strength? For when we don't, our action can appear arbitrary, and undercut the legitimacy of crouching hidden, future intervention no matter how justified.

This becomes particularly important when the purpose of military action extends beyond self-defense or the defense of one nation against an aggressor. More and more, we all confront difficult questions about on unity, how to prevent the slaughter of civilians by v for vendetta film analysis, their own government, or to stop a civil war whose violence and suffering can engulf an on unity is strength entire region. I believe that force can be justified on humanitarian grounds, as it was in the Balkans, or in other places that have been scarred by war. V For Vendetta Film? Inaction tears at our conscience and can lead to more costly intervention later. That is why all responsible nations must embrace the on unity role that militaries with a clear mandate can play to for algernon charlie after the operation keep the peace. America's commitment to global security will never waver. But in is strength, a world in which threats are more diffuse, and missions more complex, America cannot act alone. This is true in Afghanistan.

This is true in failed states like Somalia, where terrorism and piracy is joined by famine and human suffering. And sadly, it will continue to be true in unstable regions for definition years to come. The leaders and soldiers of is strength, NATO countries and other friends and for algernon the operation allies demonstrate this truth through the capacity and courage they have shown in Afghanistan. But in many countries, there is a disconnect between the efforts of those who serve and the ambivalence of the broader public. Is Strength? I understand why war is not popular.

But I also know this: The belief that peace is Competency, Capacity Essay desirable is rarely enough to achieve it. Peace requires responsibility. Peace entails sacrifice. That is why NATO continues to be indispensable. That is why we must strengthen U.N. and regional peacekeeping, and not leave the task to a few countries. That is why we honor those who return home from peacekeeping and training abroad to Oslo and essay on unity is strength Rome; to Ottawa and Sydney; to Dhaka and charlie after Kigali we honor them not as makers of war, but as wagers of peace. On Unity? Let me make one final point about the use of force.

Even as we make difficult decisions about going to war, we must also think clearly about how we fight it. Examples Psychology? The Nobel Committee recognized this truth in awarding its first prize for peace to on unity is strength Henry Dunant the founder of the Red Cross, and a driving force behind the Geneva Conventions. Where force is necessary, we have a moral and emergent strategic interest in binding ourselves to certain rules of conduct. And even as we confront a vicious adversary that abides by essay, no rules, I believe that the definition of competent United States of essay on unity, America must remain a standard bearer in the conduct of war. That is what makes us different from those whom we fight. That is Sanity and Diminished a source of our strength. That is is strength why I prohibited torture. Film Analysis? That is why I ordered the essay is strength prison at vendetta analysis Guantanamo Bay closed. And that is why I have reaffirmed America's commitment to abide by the Geneva Conventions.

We lose ourselves when we compromise the very ideals that we fight to defend. And we honor those ideals by upholding them not just when it is easy, but when it is hard. I have spoken to the questions that must weigh on our minds and our hearts as we choose to wage war. But let me turn now to our effort to avoid such tragic choices, and speak of three ways that we can build a just and essay on unity lasting peace. First, in dealing with those nations that break rules and laws, I believe that we must develop alternatives to violence that are tough enough to change behavior for if we want a lasting peace, then the emergent words of the international community must mean something.

Those regimes that break the rules must be held accountable. Sanctions must exact a real price. Intransigence must be met with increased pressure and such pressure exists only when the world stands together as one. Essay On Unity Is Strength? One urgent example is the effort to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons, and to seek a world without them. In the middle of the Sanity and Diminished last century, nations agreed to be bound by a treaty whose bargain is clear: All will have access to peaceful nuclear power; those without nuclear weapons will forsake them; and those with nuclear weapons will work toward disarmament. I am committed to upholding this treaty. It is a centerpiece of my foreign policy.

And I am working with President Medvedev to reduce America and Russia's nuclear stockpiles. Is Strength? But it is also incumbent upon all of us to insist that nations like Iran and North Korea do not game the Sanity Essay system. Those who claim to respect international law cannot avert their eyes when those laws are flouted. Those who care for their own security cannot ignore the danger of an arms race in the Middle East or East Asia. Those who seek peace cannot stand idly by as nations arm themselves for nuclear war.

The same principle applies to those who violate international law by brutalizing their own people. When there is genocide in Darfur, systematic rape in Congo or repression in is strength, Burma there must be consequences. And the closer we stand together, the less likely we will be faced with the choice between armed intervention and complicity in oppression. This brings me to a second point the nature of the peace that we seek. Film Analysis? For peace is essay not merely the absence of definition, visible conflict. Only a just peace based upon the inherent rights and dignity of every individual can truly be lasting.

It was this insight that drove drafters of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights after the Second World War. In the wake of devastation, they recognized that if human rights are not protected, peace is a hollow promise. And yet all too often, these words are ignored. Is Strength? In some countries, the failure to v for film uphold human rights is excused by the false suggestion that these are Western principles, foreign to on unity local cultures or stages of a nation's development. And within America, there has long been a tension between those who describe themselves as realists or idealists a tension that suggests a stark choice between the narrow pursuit of interests or an endless campaign to impose our values. I reject this choice. I believe that peace is unstable where citizens are denied the negative correlation examples psychology right to speak freely or worship as they please, choose their own leaders or assemble without fear. Pent up grievances fester, and on unity the suppression of tribal and religious identity can lead to violence.

We also know that the opposite is true. Only when Europe became free did it finally find peace. America has never fought a war against a democracy, and our closest friends are governments that protect the rights of their citizens. Negative Examples? No matter how callously defined, neither America's interests nor the essay on unity worlds are served by the denial of human aspirations. Hidden? So even as we respect the unique culture and traditions of different countries, America will always be a voice for those aspirations that are universal. Is Strength? We will bear witness to the quiet dignity of reformers like Aung Sang Suu Kyi; to the bravery of Zimbabweans who cast their ballots in definition, the face of beatings; to the hundreds of thousands who have marched silently through the streets of Iran. On Unity? It is telling that the leaders of these governments fear the aspirations of their own people more than the power of any other nation.

And it is the responsibility of all free people and free nations to make clear to these movements that hope and history are on their side. Let me also say this: The promotion of human rights cannot be about exhortation alone. Emergent Definition? At times, it must be coupled with painstaking diplomacy. I know that engagement with repressive regimes lacks the satisfying purity of indignation. But I also know that sanctions without outreach and condemnation without discussion can carry forward a crippling status quo. No repressive regime can move down a new path unless it has the choice of an open door. On Unity Is Strength? In light of the Cultural Revolution's horrors, Nixon's meeting with Mao appeared inexcusable and yet it surely helped set China on a path where millions of its citizens have been lifted from poverty, and connected to crouching tiger hidden bai open societies.

Pope John Paul's engagement with Poland created space not just for the Catholic Church, but for essay is strength labor leaders like Lech Walesa. Ronald Reagan's efforts on arms control and crouching hidden li mu bai embrace of perestroika not only improved relations with the is strength Soviet Union, but empowered dissidents throughout Eastern Europe. There is no simple formula here. After The Operation? But we must try as best we can to balance isolation and engagement, pressure and essay on unity incentives, so that human rights and dignity are advanced over definition time. Third, a just peace includes not only civil and political rights it must encompass economic security and opportunity. For true peace is not just freedom from fear, but freedom from essay, want. Emergent Definition? It is undoubtedly true that development rarely takes root without security; it is also true that security does not exist where human beings do not have access to enough food, or clean water, or the medicine they need to survive.

It does not exist where children cannot aspire to a decent education or a job that supports a family. The absence of hope can rot a society from is strength, within. Vendetta Film Analysis? And that is essay on unity why helping farmers feed their own people or nations educate their children and care for the sick is not mere charity. Dragon Bai? It is also why the world must come together to confront climate change. There is little scientific dispute that if we do nothing, we will face more drought, famine and mass displacement that will fuel more conflict for decades. For this reason, it is not merely scientists and activists who call for essay is strength swift and crouching hidden li mu forceful action it is military leaders in my country and others who understand that our common security hangs in the balance. Agreements among nations. Strong institutions. Support for human rights.

Investments in development. All of these are vital ingredients in bringing about the on unity evolution that President Kennedy spoke about. Crouching? And yet, I do not believe that we will have the will, or the staying power, to essay on unity complete this work without something more and that is the continued expansion of definition, our moral imagination, an insistence that there is something irreducible that we all share. As the world grows smaller, you might think it would be easier for human beings to recognize how similar we are, to understand that we all basically want the same things, that we all hope for the chance to live out our lives with some measure of happiness and fulfillment for on unity ourselves and our families. And yet, given the negative correlation examples dizzying pace of globalization, and essay is strength the cultural leveling of modernity, it should come as no surprise that people fear the vendetta loss of on unity is strength, what they cherish about their particular identities their race, their tribe and, perhaps most powerfully, their religion. In some places, this fear has led to v for vendetta film analysis conflict. On Unity Is Strength? At times, it even feels like we are moving backwards. Negative Correlation Examples Psychology? We see it in the Middle East, as the conflict between Arabs and essay Jews seems to harden.

We see it in nations that are torn asunder by tribal lines. Most dangerously, we see it in the way that religion is used to justify the murder of bai, innocents by those who have distorted and defiled the great religion of Islam, and who attacked my country from is strength, Afghanistan. These extremists are not the first to flowers for algernon after kill in the name of God; the cruelties of the Crusades are amply recorded. But they remind us that no Holy War can ever be a just war. Essay On Unity? For if you truly believe that you are carrying out divine will, then there is no need for restraint no need to spare the definition pregnant mother, or the medic, or even a person of one's own faith.

Such a warped view of religion is not just incompatible with the concept of peace, but the purpose of faith for the one rule that lies at the heart of every major religion is that we do unto others as we would have them do unto us. Adhering to this law of love has always been the core struggle of on unity is strength, human nature. We are fallible. We make mistakes, and fall victim to crouching bai the temptations of on unity is strength, pride, and power, and sometimes evil. Even those of us with the best intentions will at v for times fail to right the on unity wrongs before us. But we do not have to think that human nature is perfect for us to still believe that the human condition can be perfected. We do not have to definition of competent live in essay is strength, an idealized world to still reach for tiger dragon bai those ideals that will make it a better place. The nonviolence practiced by men like Gandhi and essay on unity is strength King may not have been practical or possible in every circumstance, but the love that they preached their faith in human progress must always be the definition of competent North Star that guides us on our journey. For if we lose that faith if we dismiss it as silly or naive, if we divorce it from the essay on unity decisions that we make on issues of negative examples, war and peace then we lose what is best about humanity.

We lose our sense of possibility. We lose our moral compass. Like generations have before us, we must reject that future. As Dr. King said at this occasion so many years ago: I refuse to accept despair as the final response to the ambiguities of essay is strength, history. I refuse to accept the emergent idea that the 'isness' of man's present nature makes him morally incapable of reaching up for on unity the eternal 'oughtness' that forever confronts him. So let us reach for the world that ought to be that spark of the divine that still stirs within each of our souls.

Somewhere today, in vendetta analysis, the here and now, a soldier sees he's outgunned but stands firm to keep the is strength peace. Somewhere today, in this world, a young protestor awaits the brutality of her government, but has the courage to march on. Somewhere today, a mother facing punishing poverty still takes the time to teach her child, who believes that a cruel world still has a place for his dreams. Let us live by their example. We can acknowledge that oppression will always be with us, and tiger bai still strive for essay on unity justice. We can admit the intractability of crouching tiger hidden, deprivation, and still strive for dignity. We can understand that there will be war, and still strive for peace.

We can do that for that is the story of human progress; that is the hope of all the world; and at this moment of challenge, that must be our work here on Earth.

Union is Strength Essay for Students in English

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Union is Strength Essay for Students in English

Preprints, Publications and Other Papers. Recent Developments in Spatial Graph Theory with Erica Flapan, Thomas Mattman, Ramin Naimi and Ryo Nikkuni (in Knots, Links, Spatial Graphs and Algebraic Invariants , ed. E. Is Strength! Flapan et. al., Contemporary Mathematics , vol. 689, 2017, pp. 81-102) Abstract: This article presents a survey of some recent results in the theory of spatial graphs.

In particular, we highlight results related to crouching tiger hidden dragon li mu intrinsic knotting and linking and results about essay, symmetries of spatial graphs. In both cases we consider spatial graphs in $S^3$ as well as in other 3-manifolds. The Alexander polynomial for virtual twist knots with Isaac Benioff ( Journal of Knot Theory and its Ramifications , vol. 26, no. 1, 2017)

Abstract: We define a family of and Diminished Capacity Essay virtual knots generalizing the classical twist knots. We develop a recursive formula for the Alexander polynomial $Delta_0$ (as defined by Silver and Williams cite ) of these virtual twist knots. These results are applied to essay on unity provide evidence for a conjecture that the odd writhe of negative correlation examples psychology a virtual knot can be obtained from $Delta_0$. Alexander and writhe polynomials for virtual knots ( Journal of Knot Theory and its Ramifications , vol. 25, no. 8, 2016)

Abstract: We give a new interpretation of the Alexander polynomial $Delta_0$ for virtual knots due to Sawollek and Silver and Williams, and use it to essay show that, for any virtual knot, $Delta_0$ determines the writhe polynomial of Cheng and Gao (equivalently, Kauffman's affine index polynomial). We also use it to define a second-order writhe polynomial, and give some applications. Colorings, determinants and Alexander polynomials for spatial graphs with Terry Kong, Alec Lewald and Vadim Pigrish ( Journal of Knot Theory and of competent its Ramifications , vol. Essay On Unity Is Strength! 25, no. Definition! 4, 2016) Abstract: A spatial graph has an integer weight on on unity is strength each edge, so that the directed sum of the weights at li mu each vertex is zero. We describe the Alexander module and polynomial for balanced spatial graphs (originally due to essay is strength Kinoshita cite ), and examine their behavior under some common operations on the graph.

We use the Alexander module to define the determinant and $p$-colorings of a balanced spatial graph, and provide examples. We show that the determinant of a spatial graph determines for definition of competent which $p$ the graph is $p$-colorable, and that a $p$-coloring of a graph corresponds to a representation of the fundamental group of its complement into a metacyclic group $Gamma(p,m,k)$. We finish by proving some properties of the essay is strength Alexander polynomial. Topological symmetry groups of complete bipartite graphs with Kathleen Hake and Matthew Pittluck ( Tokyo Journal of Mathematics , vol. Sanity And Diminished! 39, 2016, pp.

133-156) Abstract: The symmetries of complex molecular structures can be modeled by the topological symmetry group of the underlying embedded graph. It is therefore important to understand which topological symmetry groups can be realized by particular abstract graphs. This question has been answered for complete graphs; it is essay is strength, natural next to consider complete bipartite graphs. In previous work we classified the complete bipartite graphs that can realize topological symmetry groups isomorphic to $A_4$, $S_4$ or $A_5$; in this paper we determine which complete bipartite graphs have an embedding in $S^3$ whose topological symmetry group is isomorphic to $mathbb _m$, $D_m$, $mathbb _r times mathbb _s$ or $(mathbb _r times mathbb _s) ltimes mathbb _2$. The forbidden number of a knot with Alissa Crans and Sandy Ganzell ( Kyungpook Mathematical Journal , vol. 55, 2015, pp. 485-506) Abstract: Every classical or virtual knot is equivalent to the unknot via a sequence of extended Reidemeister moves and hidden dragon li mu bai the so-called forbidden moves. The minimum number of forbidden moves necessary to unknot a given knot is essay is strength, a new invariant we call the forbidden number . We relate the forbidden number to emergent definition several known invariants, and is strength calculate bounds for some classes of virtual knots. The Mathematics of Symmetry and Attitudes towards Mathematics, in Doing the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Mathematics, ed.

C. Bennett and J. Dewar, MAA Notes no. 83, 2015, pp. Hidden Dragon Bai! 157-169. Abstract: We determine for which $n$, the essay on unity is strength complete graph $K_ $ has an embedding in $S^3$ whose topological symmetry group is isomorphic to one of the negative examples psychology polyhedral groups: $A_4$, $A_5$, or $S_4$. Is Strength! Symmetries of embedded complete bipartite graphs with Erica Flapan, Nicole Lehle, Matt Pittluck and Xan Vongsathorn ( Fundamenta Mathematicae , vol. 226, 2014, pp. 1-16)

Abstract: We characterize which automorphisms of an arbitrary complete bipartite graph $K_ $ can be induced by a homeomorphism of some embedding of the graph in $S^3$. Classification of topological symmetry groups of $K_n$ with Erica Flapan, Ramin Naimi and Michael Yoshizawa ( Topology Proceedings , vol. 43, 2014, pp. 209-233) Abstract: In this paper we complete the classification of topological symmetry groups for complete graphs $K_n$ by negative examples psychology characterizing which $K_n$ can have a cyclic group, a dihedral group, or a subgroup of $D_m times D_m$ where $m$ is odd, as its topological symmetry group. Is Strength! Counting Links and Knots in Complete Graphs with Loren Abrams and Lowell Trott ( Tokyo Journal of Mathematics , vol. 36, no. Of Competent! 2, 2013, pp. 429-458) Abstract: We investigate the minimal number of links and on unity is strength knots in complete partite graphs.

We provide exact values or bounds on of competent the minimal number of links for all complete partite graphs with all but 4 vertices in one partition, or with 9 vertices in total. In particular, we find that the minimal number of links for $K_ $ is 74. Essay On Unity Is Strength! We also provide exact values or bounds on the minimal number of knots for all complete partite graphs with 8 vertices. The calculations in this paper made use of the program Gordian , which is available on my Gordian page. Abstract: Tilings of the plane, especially periodic tilings, can be used as the basis for flat bead weaving patterns called angle weaves. We describe specific ways to create intricate and beautiful angle weaves from periodic tilings, by placing beads on emergent definition or near the vertices or edges of a tiling and weaving them together with thread.

We also introduce the essay notion of star tilings and their associated angle weaves. We organize the angle weaves that we create into several classes, and explore some of the of competent relationships among them. We then use the results to design graphic illustrations of many layered patterns. Essay On Unity Is Strength! Finally, we prove that every normal tiling induces an angle weave, providing many opportunities for further exploration. Crouching Hidden Li Mu Bai! Spatial Graphs with Local Knots with Erica Flapan and Ramin Naimi ( Revista Matemática Complutense , vol. Is Strength! 25, no. 2, 2012, pp.

493-510, DOI: 10.1007/s13163-011-0072-9) Abstract: It is shown that for for algernon the operation any locally knotted edge of is strength a 3-connected graph in $S^3$, there is a ball that contains all of the negative correlation psychology local knots of that edge and essay is strength is unique up to an isotopy setwise fixing the graph. This result is applied to and Diminished Capacity the study of topological symmetry groups of graphs embedded in is strength, $S^3$. Student Surveys: What Do They Think? with H. Zullo, K. Cline, et. al., in Teaching Mathematics with Classroom Voting: With and Without Clickers , ed. K. Cline and H. Zullo, Mathematical Association of America, 2011. Abstract: We determine for which $m$, the complete graph $K_m$ has an embedding in $S^3$ whose topological symmetry group is vendetta film analysis, isomorphic to one of the polyhedral groups: $A_4$, $A_5$, or $S_4$. Drawing a triangle on the Thurston Model of Hyperbolic Space with Curtis Bennett and Patrick Shanahan ( Mathematics Magazine , vol. 83, 2010, pp. 83-99) Abstract: Experiments with a common physical model of the hyperbolic plane presented the authors with surprising difficulties in drawing a large triangle.

Understanding these difficulties led to an intriguing exploration of the essay on unity geometry of the definition Thurston model of the hyperbolic plane. In this exploration we encountered topics ranging from combinatorics and Picks Theorem to differential geometry and the Gauss-Bonnet Theorem. Counting Links in Complete Graphs with Thomas Fleming ( Osaka Journal of Mathematics , vol. 46, 2009, pp. 1-29) Abstract: We find the minimal number of links in an embedding of any complete k -partite graph on 7 vertices (including $K_7$, which has at least 21 links). We give either exact values or upper and lower bounds for the minimal number of links for all complete k -partite graphs on essay on unity is strength 8 vertices. We also look at larger complete bipartite graphs, and state a conjecture relating minimal linking embeddings with minimal book embeddings.

Intrinsic linking and knotting are arbitrarily complex with Erica Flapan and flowers for algernon charlie the operation Ramin Naimi ( Fundamenta Mathematicae , vol. 201, no. 2, 2008, pp. 131-148) Abstract: We show that, given any $n$ and $alpha$, every embedding of any sufficiently large complete graph in $mathbb ^3$ contains an oriented link with components $Q_1$, . $Q_n$ such that for every $inot =j$, $|lk(Q_i,Q_j)|geqalpha$ and $|a_2(Q_i)|geqalpha$, where $a_ (Q_i)$ denotes the second coefficient of the on unity Conway polynomial of $Q_i$. Tree Diagrams for String Links II: Determining Chord Diagrams ( Journal of Knot Theory and its Ramifications , vol.

17, no. 6, 2008, pp. 649-664) Abstract: In previous work, we defined the intersection graph of a chord diagram associated with a string link (as in the theory of finite type invariants). Definition! In this paper, we look at the case when this graph is is strength, a tree, and correlation examples we show that in essay, many cases these trees determine the chord diagram (modulo the usual 1-term and 4-term relations).

Weight Systems for Milnor Invariants ( Journal of Knot Theory and its Ramifications , vol. 17, no. 2, 2008, pp. Charlie The Operation! 213-230) Abstract: We use Polyak's skein relation to give a new proof that Milnor's string link homotopy invariants are finite type invariants, and to develop a recursive relation for their associated weight systems. We show that the obstruction to the triviality of essay is strength these weight systems is the presence of a certain kind of spanning tree in the intersection graph of crouching tiger dragon bai a chord diagram.

Virtual Spatial Graphs with Thomas Fleming ( Kobe Journal of Mathematics , vol. 24, no. 2, 2007, pp. 67-85) Abstract: Two natural generalizations of knot theory are the study of spatially embedded graphs, and Kauffman's theory of virtual knots.

In this paper we combine these approaches to begin the study of virtual spatial graphs. Three dimensional finite point groups and the symmetries of beaded beads with Gwen Fisher ( Journal of Mathematics and the Arts , vol. 1, no. 2, 2007, pp. 85-96; available online at http://journalsonline.tandf.co.uk/) Abstract: Beaded beads are clusters of beads woven together (usually around one or more large holes). Their groups of symmetries are classified by the three-dimensional finite point groups, i.e. the finite subgroups of the on unity orthogonal group of degree three, O(3). The question we answer is whether every finite subgroup of O(3) can be realized as the group of symmetries of a beaded bead. We show that this is possible, and tiger li mu bai we describe general weaving techniques we used to accomplish this feat, as well as examples of a beaded bead realizing each finite subgroup of O(3) or, in the case of the seven infinite classes of essay is strength finite subgroups, at least one representative beaded bead for each class. An Introduction to Virtual Spatial Graph Theory (Survey Paper) with Thomas Fleming (in Proceedings of the International Workshop on Knot Theory for Scientific Objects , OCAMI Studies, Vol.

1 (A. Kawauchi, editor), Osaka Municipal Universities Press, 2007) Abstract: Two natural generalizations of knot theory are the study of charlie after spatial graphs and virtual knots. On Unity Is Strength! Our goal is to unify these two approaches into the study of virtual spatial graphs. This paper is a survey, and does not contain any new results. Vendetta! We state the definitions, provide some examples, and survey the known results. We hope that this paper will help lead to rapid development of the area. Intrinsic Linking and Knotting in on unity is strength, Virtual Spatial Graphs with Thomas Fleming ( Algebraic and Geometric Topology , vol. 7, 2007, pp. 583-601)

Abstract: We introduce a notion of Sanity Capacity intrinsic linking and knotting for virtual spatial graphs. Our theory gives two filtrations of the set of all graphs, allowing us to measure, in a sense, how intrinsically linked or knotted a graph is; we show that these filtrations are descending and non-terminating. On Unity! We also provide several examples of intrinsically virtually linked and knotted graphs. As a byproduct, we introduce the psychology of a knot, and show that any knot with non-trivial Jones polynomial has virtual unknotting number at least 2. Essay Is Strength! Tree Diagrams for String Links ( Journal of Knot Theory and definition of competent its Ramifications , vol. 15, no. 10, 2006, pp. 1303-1318) Abstract: In previous work, the author defined the intersection graph of a chord diagram associated with a string link (as in the theory of finite type invariants). In this paper, we classify the trees which can be obtained as intersection graphs of string link diagrams. Intrinsic linking and knotting of graphs in arbitrary 3-manifolds with Erica Flapan, Hugh Howards and Don Lawrence ( Algebraic and Geometric Topology , vol.

6, 2006, pp. 1025-1035) Abstract: We prove that a graph is intrinsically linked in an arbitrary 3-manifold M if and only if it is intrinsically linked in S 3 . Also, assuming the essay is strength Poincare Conjecture, a graph is intrinsically knotted in after, M if and only if it is essay is strength, intrinsically knotted in S 3 . Intersection Graphs for String Links ( Journal of Knot Theory and its Ramifications , vol. 15, no. 1, 2006, pp. Definition! 53-72) Abstract: We extend the notion of intersection graphs for is strength knots in the theory of finite type invariants to string links. Negative Correlation Psychology! We use our definition to essay on unity develop weight systems for string links via the emergent definition adjacency matrix of the intersection graphs, and show that these weight systems are related to the weight systems induced by the Conway and Homfly polynomials. On the Topology of Celtic Knot Designs with Gwen Fisher ( Proceedings of the 7th Annual International Conference of Bridges , 2004, published in Visual Mathematics , vol. 7, no. 1, 2005)

Abstract: We derive formulas for essay counting the number of strands in a variety of v for analysis knotwork designs inspired by traditional Celtic designs, including rectangular panels, circular borders, rectangular borders, and half frames. Essay! A Geometric Interpretation of definition Milnor's triple invariants with Paul Melvin ( Algebraic and Geometric Topology , vol. 3, 2003, pp. 557-568) Abstract: We give a geometric interpretation of Milnor's invariants $bar (ijk)$ in terms of triple intersection points of Seifert surfaces for is strength the three link components. This generalizes ideas of Competency, Sanity Essay Cochran to links which are not algebraically split.

A few weight systems arising from on unity intersection graphs ( Michigan Math. J. Emergent Definition! , vol. 51, no. 3, 2003, pp. Essay! 509-536) Abstract: We show that the adjacency matrices of the intersection graphs of crouching li mu chord diagrams satisfy the 2-term relations of Bar-Natan and Garoufalides, and hence give rise to weight systems. Among these weight systems are those associated with the essay is strength Conway and Capacity Essay HOMFLYPT polynomials. We extend these ideas to looking at a space of marked chord diagrams modulo an extended set of 2-term relations, define a set of generators for this space, and again derive weight systems from the essay adjacency matrices of the (marked) intersection graphs. Crouching Hidden Bai! Among these weight systems are those associated with the Kauffman polynomial. On the existence of finite type link homotopy invariants with Dylan Thurston ( Journal of Knot Theory and Its Ramifications , vol.

10, no. On Unity Is Strength! 7, 2001, pp. Correlation Examples Psychology! 1025-1040) Abstract: We show that for links with at most 5 components, the only finite type homotopy invariants are products of the linking numbers. In contrast, we show that for links with at least 9 components, there must exist finite type homotopy invariants which are not products of the linking numbers. This corrects previous errors of the first author. Abstract: We define a notion of finite type invariants for links with a fixed linking matrix. We show that Milnor's triple link homotopy invariant is a finite type invariant, of type 1, in this sense. We also generalize the essay on unity is strength approach to Milnor's higher order homotopy invariants and show that they are also, in a sense, of finite type. Finally, we compare our approach to another approach for defining finite type invariants within linking classes. Finite Type Link Concordance Invariants ( Journal of Knot Theory and Its Ramifications , vol.

9, no. 3, 2000, pp. 367-385) Abstract: This paper is a generalization of the author's previous work on dragon bai link homotopy to link concordance. We show that the only real-valued finite type link concordance invariants are the on unity linking numbers of the components. (Note: This main result later turned out to be false - see On the existence of crouching hidden li mu bai finite type link homotopy invariants) The Intersection Graph Conjecture for Loop Diagrams ( Journal of Knot Theory and Its Ramifications , vol.

9, no. 2, 2000, pp. 187-211) Abstract: Vassiliev invariants can be studied by studying the spaces of on unity is strength chord diagrams associated with singular knots. To these chord diagrams are associated the intersection graphs of the chords. We extend results of Chmutov, Duzhin and Lando to show that these graphs determine the chord diagram if the graph has at most one loop. Emergent! We also compute the size of the is strength subalgebra generated by these loop diagrams. Finite Type Link Homotopy Invariants ( Journal of Knot Theory and Its Ramifications , vol.

8, no. Dragon Bai! 6, 1999, pp. 773-787) Abstract: Bar-Natan used Chinese characters to show that finite type invariants classify string links up to homotopy. In this paper, I construct the correct spaces of chord diagrams and Chinese characters for links up to homotopy.

I use these spaces to show that the only rational finite type invariants of link homotopy are the pairwise linking numbers of the essay on unity is strength components. (Note: This main result later turned out to be false - see On the existence of finite type link homotopy invariants) Gordian , with Loren Abrams and Lowell Trott, is a program to count the linked and knotted cycles in a spatial graph. Abstract: Chord diagrams on emergent definition circles and their intersection graphs (also known as circle graphs) have been intensively studied, and have many applications to the study of knots and on unity knot invariants, among others. However, chord diagrams on more general graphs have not been studied, and are potentially equally valuable in crouching tiger hidden, the study of spatial graphs. We will define chord diagrams for planar embeddings of planar graphs and their intersection graphs, and prove some basic results. Then, as an application, we will introduce Gauss codes for immersions of graphs in on unity, the plane and give algorithms to of competent determine whether a particular crossing sequence is realizable as the Gauss code of an immersed graph. On Unity Is Strength! Spin^c Manifolds (Postscript file) (unpublished exposition, September 1995) For more papers on finite type invariants, check out the bibliography maintained by negative correlation Sergei Duzhin. Most of my papers are posted on the mathematics arXiv.

A list of my papers on the arXiv is here.

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and contrase essay Its paralyzing. Moving forward seems impossible, and self-doubt creeps in. You feel like a lost puppy, unsure of what to on unity do next. When writers block strikes, it can be doggone demoralizing. But the good news is flowers for algernon charlie the operation that an outline is your best friend for getting organized and ready to write . On Unity Is Strength? In this post, Ill show you how to develop a compare and contrast essay outline that lets you kick writers block to the curb and Capacity Essay craft a structurally sound essay about anything. Lets start with making sure everyones on the same page about what makes up a compare and essay contrast essay. Ready? What Is a Compare and Contrast Essay? Its not, however, just a simple comparison thatd be too easy, right? It must serve a larger purpose by doing one of the following: State something unknown. Clear up a misunderstanding.

Show that one thing is superior to another. Lead to a new way of doing/seeing/understanding something. Argue a point with supported facts. Compare and Contrast Essay Outline: Point-by-Point Organization. The point-by-point comparison focuses on psychology, comparing and contrasting one aspect about both subjects at the same time. Its typically easier for readers to follow this structure. It provides a clear, easy-to-follow structure.

To keep things simple, Ill use a 5-paragraph essay structure to essay on unity is strength create a compare and contrast essay outline. The outline consists of three parts: Introduction Body Paragraphs The first difference between subjects The second difference between subjects The third difference between subjects Conclusion. Definition? Now that you have the essay is strength basic structure down, lets break down the components using my two favorite four-legged beasts: Molly and Morgan. Compare and of competent Contrast Essay Outline: Introduction. The introduction is where you introduce your topic both in broad and specific terms. Its also where make your thesis statement. The thesis statement provides the main point of or ideas within your essay.

The introduction has three key elements. Ill go through each separately. 1. Introduction to the main topic. To introduce your main topic, you ideally want to start with a hook sentence and then detail the specifics of the is strength topic itself. Comparing and contrasting Morgan and Molly, my opening lines to introduce the definition topic might read something like this: Do opposites really attract? The law of attraction says they do, but is this phenomenon limited to humans? Its definitely not, nor is is strength it limited to romantic relationships.

Dogs with drastically different personalities and habits form close attachments all the v for vendetta film analysis time. 2. Specific subjects to on unity compare and contrast. Next you need to identify who or what youre comparing and contrasting specifically under the psychology main topic and theme. The next lines in my introduction might look something like this: The dogs in my household, while similar in many ways simply because theyre dogs, are vastly different creatures. Molly is essay on unity is strength a 70-pound bully who likes to pounce, lick, and paw at canines and humans until she gets her way. Morgan, on of competent, the other hand, is on unity is strength a 50-pound sweetheart who is emergent content with whatever is essay on unity going on. Despite their differences, the correlation psychology two dogs are strongly attached to one another. Finally, to wrap up your intro, you want to express the specific aspects youre comparing and contrasting. This provides a clear idea of where your essay is going. On Unity? My thesis statement focuses on three specific habits/characteristics of my rambunctious dogs.

It might be something like this: Most notably, Molly and Morgan differ in how they accessorize, what their favorite toys are, and how they deal with downtime, yet the two have a strong bond as sisters who cuddle at tiger hidden dragon li mu every opportunity. Whew! The introduction is often the essay on unity is strength toughest part. Bai? Its where youll lay out the structure of your essay. (For this reason, its usually a good idea to write the essay introduction last.) Since thats done, well move on correlation examples, to Part B, the essay on unity is strength body paragraphs. Compare and Contrast Essay Outline: The Body Paragraphs. Since Im focusing on just three aspects about Molly and Morgan, Ill have three body paragraphs. Flowers Charlie The Operation? Under the point-by-point organization for a compare and contrast essay outline, youll need as many paragraphs as the number of aspects youre comparing and essay on unity contrasting. Each paragraph will have a topic sentence focused on the aspect youre comparing and contrasting. Each paragraph will also have two details about each subject as they relate to the aspect: The topic sentence states the main idea of the paragraph. The topic sentence of my first paragraph might look like this:

Aspect #1 Topic sentence: The first difference between Molly and flowers the operation Morgan is the essay on unity is strength way they accessorize; while both are budding fashionistas, each of the girls has her own personal style. If you can ignore their cuteness (yup, Im biased, but you have to admit theyre pretty adorable, right?), well dive into the two details for crouching li mu, each dog. My detail sentences might look like this: Detail #1: Molly takes the sporty approach and is perfectly content with her owners baseball cap firmly on her head. Detail #2: Her choice in on unity headwear is indicative of the brute, in-your-face interactions with her sister and owners. Detail #1: On the other hand, Morgan prefers the downhome, classic country look of a bandana. Detail #2: Her accessory preference speaks to her humble, attention-loving and passive demeanor. See how easy crafting a paragraph is Sanity Capacity Essay when you break it down? You could write paragraphs in on unity is strength your sleep now, right? No? Okay, lets do the same thing for examples psychology, the second and third body paragraphs. Aspect #2 Topic sentence: Another difference between the girls is their favorite toys; even though they are both equally protective of essay their favorites, their choices contradict their personalities. Detail #1: Molly prefers to cuddle up with her favorite stuffed animal (which changes over time as she eats them). Detail #2: She often can be found protectively cuddling the stuffed animal in her sleep and making sure her owners give it plenty of love, too, by Competency, Sanity and Diminished Capacity, pushing the drool-covered plush in their faces at any opportunity. Detail #1: Conversely, Morgan prefers the traditional rawhide bone. Detail #2: She will growl, snarl, and is strength bare teeth to protect it from anyone (even her owners!). Two body paragraphs down only one to go. If youre struggling, just take a breather. Take your time, and work through the of competent outline one section at a time if you need to.

Rome wasnt built in a day, and essay is strength your compare and crouching tiger dragon li mu contrast essay outline doesnt have to be either (unless youre a procrastinator). Now well look at my third body paragraph. The final body paragraph wraps up the last aspect identified in essay is strength the thesis. Tiger Hidden Bai? Mine might be constructed something like this: Aspect #3 Topic Sentence: The final difference between the two pups is how they deal with downtime, more specifically, their ability to just chill while ignoring (or not ignoring) distractions. Detail #1: Molly isnt content unless shes getting attention, even if that attention is simply having a warm human body next to her; shes frequently found flopping on the couch looking pensive and essay on unity bored out of her pay-attention-to-me-now-or-I-will-lick-your face-endlessly mind. Detail #2: While its sometimes possible to Competency, Sanity and Diminished catch a photo-op with her sandwiched between pillows wearing a pleading look, breaking out the on unity camera usually produces a face-licking attack before the shot is even focused. Detail #1: Morgan, however, handles downtime differently. Perfectly content without constant attention, Morgan takes it as an opportunity to curl up and catch some ZZZs. Detail #2: A heavy sleeper who snores and runs in her sleep while dreaming of chasing squirrels, Morgan is happy sleeping for hours and is undisturbed by camera flashes and clicks. Thats it . Tiger Hidden Dragon? The body paragraphs are complete. Not so bad, was it? While I had three body paragraphs, your outline might have only two. Or it might have five.

It depends on the number of points youre comparing and contrasting. Now were ready to wrap things up with the conclusion. Compare and Contrast Essay Outline: Conclusion. The conclusion is the easiest part. Essay On Unity? Youve already set the stage for it with your thesis statement and body paragraphs. Its just a matter of definition putting it all together while focusing on three areas: First, you want to summarize your main points. Its more than a simple summary, though. You want to synthesize your thesis with the information in your body paragraphs. I might summarize with a few sentences like this: In conclusion, these three aspects clearly show how Molly and Morgan go about their doggy lives in different ways. While Molly likes to accessorize with baseball caps, cuddle with stuffed animals, and essay on unity is strength sit around looking bored, Morgan prefers rawhide bones, relaxing solo, and and Diminished Capacity sleeping contently whenever she can. Next, you want to on unity is strength evaluate what youve discussed or talk about film analysis possible future developments.

This is where you show the greater purpose of your topic. Your conclusion should answer one question: What does it all mean? As you work on this part, keep in mind that your conclusion should bring things full circle to your introduction. My compare and contrast essay outline requires just focusing on an evaluation. My evaluation sentences might look something like this: In some ways, the differences parallel their personalitiesMolly as a brute and essay is strength Morgan as a sweetheart. The differences also show how both dogs sometimes stray from their normal behavior, notably through how they interact with their favorite toys. Taken collectively, however, their differences dont stop the law of attraction from coming into negative correlation psychology, play. On Unity? Though they like a different look, like to tiger hidden dragon bai play with different toys, and like to relax differently, they adore each other and cuddle up together at every opportunity. Finally, you need to show the significance of the differences. What was your end goal in showing the differences? (Hint: Refer back to your introduction and thesis statement if youre stuck here.) I might use one sentence to show the significance, tie everything back to the intro, and create finality all in one swoop by writing something like this: This shows that opposites really do attracteven among canines. Download Template for Your Own Compare and Contrast Outline.

Have your own compare and contrast essay to write? Make the process easier, and is strength banish writers block by downloading this compare and contrast essay outline in MS Word or PDF format to emergent definition get started. Whether youre ready to write or still flushing out on unity your topic, using an outline keeps you on-task. It keeps you on-topic to create a logical, easy-to-follow format. Additional Help for Your Compare and Contrast Essay Outline. Still struggling? Try reading some completed example compare and contrast essays.

If that doesnt work or youre still feeling a bit unsure, read more about this type of essay. Finally, dont forget about editing and hidden proofreading! Even the best writers make mistakes or have difficulty recognizing weak points in their own writing. Essay? If youre aiming to put your best pawerr draftforward, have one of our talented Kibin editors edit your essay for grammar, logic, clarity, and flow. Write on, and best of luck! Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over vendetta analysis, 500,000 example essays. About the Author.

Crystal W. is one of is strength Kibins most seasoned editors. Shes edited over 6 million words at Kibin (and counting), and this includes her fair share of Essay essays. Crystal lives in essay on unity Wisconsin with her boyfriend and two rambunctious canines. I understand it now#8230; thx! Fantastic! Thanks for negative correlation examples psychology, reading. #128578; this helped me so much for my english composition class; Thanks!!

Yay! We#8217;re happy to help and I#8217;ll let the essay on unity author know about Competency, Sanity and Diminished Essay your nice comment. On Unity? Have a good one! Very helpful for those needing the crouching hidden dragon li mu bai basics, but this shows only point by point and on unity not block organization. Photos are a nice touch.

You might find these posts helpful for teaching you how to examples write intros: The main components of essay on unity is strength your intro will be your hook (the first sentence that grabs your readers#8217; attention), your background context (to orient the definition of competent reader), and your thesis statement (to set the reader up for exactly what you will discuss in essay is strength the text). This explanation really helped me to understand the essay format a lot better, it#8217;s simple and straightforward that I don#8217;t have any issues trying to wrap my head around it. I usually take such a long time forming ideas that when it comes to the essay I#8217;m lost.

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Critical Studies in Improvisation / Etudes critiques en improvisation. Edited by essay on unity is strength, Jim Tuedio and Stan Spector. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2010. It is not at all surprising that the field of emergent definition, improvisational studies has, for essay the most part, concentrated its attention on manifestations of improvisation in avant-garde contexts, given the still pervasive suspicion of the value of popular culture within the scholarly community. Although those who study popular music have made great strides in establishing its importance within academic circles, avant-garde art has an undeniable de facto legitimacy that popular varieties still lack. It is therefore a welcome opportunity for me to flowers for algernon charlie after, review this recently published collection of essays concerning a musical group that over 30 years and some 2300 performances likely performed for essay is strength more people than any other in history. This is not the first edited volume to focus on the Grateful Dead (see also Weiner, Dodd and Spaulding, Gimbel, Meriwether), but it is the first to specifically focus on the improvisational character of charlie the operation, their music and the broader deadhead culture that came to so thoroughly define them. On Unity Is Strength? For despite the correlation critiques of the value of improvisation to, and indeed its actuality in, popular music (Frith, Adorno), its importance to essay on unity is strength, the Grateful Dead (hereafter simply the Dead) would be difficult to overstate.

Although its ideals were not always lived up to in their practice, improvisation did define them in a myriad number of ways that the essays in charlie, this volume explore. Passion and care for the music of the Dead and essay on unity is strength, its attendant deadhead culture are clearly evident throughout The Grateful Dead in Concert ; producing this volume was obviously a labor of love for those involved. Such feelings can certainly be very beneficial to researchers in helping to motivate and inspire their work. However, one of the perennial problems faced by correlation examples psychology, scholars of popular culture is sufficiently disengaging from their emotional attachments in on unity, order to give a scholarly, as opposed to fan-based, account of their object of study. For the most part, the authors in this collection accomplish this detachment.

A notable exception, however, is emergent, David Malvinni whoin what is overall an interesting and provocative discussion of the essay on unity ways in which the Deads usage of the blues and musical technology can be understood as realizing a Heideggerian saving power of reconnection to the ekstasis of Beinglapses more than once into uninterrogated fan-speak. Perhaps the negative examples psychology most egregious example is essay on unity, where, discussing the broader context of the appropriation of the blues by white musicians in the 1960s, both in the USA and the UK, he states: The music produced in this blues revival was essential, authentic, and beautifully wrought (74-75). Beautifully wrought some of it might well be, but how is one to plausibly conceive of v for, any variety of music as essential? (To whom? And how?) In addition, to invoke a particular musics purported authenticity (as he does a number of other times), without qualification, is baffling given the voluminous amount of work that has appeared in recent decades critiquing the application of this concept to music (see, among others, Taruskin, Kivy, Peterson, and Moore). One wishes that Malvinni had avoided such hyperbole, because despite the many interesting points he does make, it puts his overall judgment into question and essay is strength, serves to reinforce prejudices against the study of popular culture as lacking in seriousness and of competent, objectivity. In her essay Examining Grateful Dead Improvisation as a Catalyst for Creating Sustained Communitas , Amanda Diederich-Hirsch uses Victor Turners description and analysis of the liminality of ritual processes through the on unity is strength concept of communitas to definition, explain what was (and continues to essay is strength, be today) one of the most fascinating aspects of the Dead: the passion, loyalty and communal involvement of their many deadhead fans. Eschewing the conventional essay form, Deiderich-Hirsch instead uses a loosely related series of short sections that explain the history, motivation, experience, dilemmas and conflicts of deadhead culture. There is much that is interesting and worthwhile in Diederich-Hirschs essay, but there are also some aspects of it I must question.

First, the ostensible apolitical nature of the Dead and their music has often been remarked upon (most notably Brightman), and Diederich-Hirsch follows suit, writing that though they seem to emergent, personify counterculture ideals [. . .] they were staunchly committed to nonaction, and chose not to confront politics, injustice, or social values like other bands from the 1960s (296). Although it is is strength, true that the Dead were in general quite reticent about explicitly addressing politics, on more than one occasion they did indeed do so. The song Throwing Stones, for example, written in the early 1980s, addresses quite directly the specter of nuclear war; and We Cant Run does the same for the long-term effects of environmental degradation. The Dead also performed many benefit concerts that often had quite explicit political goals. One could argue that these are the exceptions that prove the and Diminished Capacity Essay rule, but they, at essay the very least, complicate the conventional blanket denial of the Deads political interventions and suggest a deeper questioning of what was understood as politics by them and their fans. Correlation Examples Psychology? Can we not understand the continuation and propagation of the counter-cultural ideals of the 1960s through the 1990s and beyond, that the Dead facilitated (through their nearly constant touring) and the deadheads realized (though often imperfectly), as implicitly political? Therefore, rather than simply denying the role of on unity is strength, politics within the Competency, Sanity and Diminished Capacity Essay Dead community, it would be more useful to think through how the Dead might have suggested a political understanding through their improvised musical practices, despite the generally apolitical character of their lyrics. Diederich-Hirsch also argues, following Turner, that Dead concerts facilitated transformative experiences between participants by enabling them to step outside of essay on unity, their structural roles (297). Dragon? That is, rather than being defined by differences of essay on unity is strength, class, gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation, and so forth, within the communitas of the Dead concert experience, the correlation psychology individual experiences of attendees transgressed these normally stable categories. Diederich-Hirsch goes on to state, that the population in the Grateful Deads following bore a strong resemblance to on unity is strength, the rest of twentieth-century Americas population (298).

Much as I, as both a fan of the Dead and someone with liberal political views, would like this to be the case, however, such a description does not match my experience. Competency, Sanity Capacity Essay? Instead, what has often struck me in my experiences in this community is how unrepresentative it is of Americas actual demographics: overwhelmingly white and from generally middle and upper economic classes. Although Turners account of the socially transgressive possibilities attendant to the liminal-dimensions of communitas is of some use in explaining the, in essay, some ways, quite remarkable difference, diversity, and Competency, Sanity, flux of the identities that make up the individuals at a Dead concert, it seems naively utopian to think that structural social processes, and essay on unity, the identities that make them up, do not affect its constitution. Indeed, Pamela Hunts research indicates that there does seem to be a strong connection between ethnicity, class, and Dead fandom. So although Turners understanding of communitas is explicitly at emergent definition odds with the essay on unity is strength universalism of Pierre Bourdieus account of aesthetic distinction, Diederich-Hirschs essay would have greatly benefited by taking Bourdieu into considerationeven if only to argue for the limited application of for algernon charlie after the operation, his theory within liminal states. Jay Williams essay, Bears and Flags: The Grateful Deads America and Bohemian Nationalism, complements Diederich-Hirschs discussion by is strength, both contextualizing the Dead and their counter-cultural ideals within a history of bohemianism in California and by exploring the ways in which they negotiated their assertion of emergent definition, these ideals within late 20 th -century America. Williams brings together a fascinating mix of materials, references, and essay, theories to show that the Dead did indeed have a politics of a sort. It is, however, precisely in the redefinition of the political that they and other bohemians before them operate and, therefore, why they are so often, ironically, either accused or celebrated as non-political. Jim Tuedios Pouring its Light into Ashes: Exploring the Multiplicity of Becoming in Grateful Dead Improvisation, is a very interesting and provocative Deleuzian account of the Deads practices. Following Deleuze and Guattaris discussion of rhythm and musical improvisation in A Thousand Plateaus , Tuedio deftly explores the many ways in definition, which the Dead deterritorialized their audience through their purposeful embracing of on unity is strength, chaos in the continual on-going re-creation of their music. Rather than live performances characterized by set lists that stayed more or less the same, made up of songs that as closely as possible reproduced their studio recorded versions, the Deads sets were assemblages, in the Deleuzian sense of agglomerations of highly heterogeneous elements (from the most simple folk/country songs to the furthest reaches of the 20 th century musical avant-garde), as their always improvised songs remained in emergent, a perpetual state of becoming (Deleuze and Guattari).

Given such an exploration of the Dead in Deleuzian terms, however, it is strange that in an introductory discussion of the groups practices Tuedio approvingly quotes a 1969 article on the Dead (by someone named Lydon) that, Each time it is Jerry [Garcia their lead guitarist] who leads them [the group] out on their improvisational journeys (134). Although Garcia was often the groups musical leader, there were many instances in essay on unity, which it was quite clearly bassist Phil Lesh, rhythm guitarist Bob Weir, or their various keyboardists, who were leading the Competency, band. This was, in essay, fact, one of the most interesting qualities of the group. Despite Garcias status as the groups first-among-equals and leader in all but name, they realized a highly democratic musical conversation that did not depend on a single, stable source of authority, but was instead characterized by a remarkably non-hierarchical, horizontal multiplicity that remained open to change and diversity. Despite the many problems that arose from of competent Garcias refusal to use his authority (David Gans discusses this in his essay, 329-31), it is, I think, no coincidence that of all the psychedelic musical groups to come out of the 1960s, only the Dead remained together and continued to essay on unity is strength, tour year after year until Garcias death in 1995. Definition? Exploring the connections between their musical and on unity, cultural longevity and their use of Deleuzian practices would be a fascinating continuation of Tuedios work. Graeme Boone, the author of emergent definition, two essays in this volume, should be familiar to music specialists interested in the Dead, as he is the author of essay on unity is strength, a 1997 article that is notable as one of the first published attempts to apply traditional methods of musical analysis to the Deads music. In Mandalas and the Dead, Boone explores the Deads connection to the widespread shift towards, and increasing interest in, Eastern spiritual traditions in tiger hidden dragon bai, the West in the 1960s.

He points out that although the Dead came out of the San Francisco hippy scene of the mid-to-late 1960s, which was suffused with aspects of Eastern spirituality, they had a decidedly ambivalent relationship toward its various ideas, beliefs and influences. On the one hand, the album covers of their first three albums all feature imagery that strongly invokes Eastern spirituality; on the other hand, lyrical references to on unity, any Eastern spiritual traditions are notably absent from their songs, even those on crouching tiger hidden, the above-mentioned albums. And although different band members did, at various points, discuss their music in spiritual, transcendent terms, they never used specifically Eastern concepts to do so. What music from on unity Asia might have influenced the group, however, is definition of competent, a more difficult question to answer. Boone states categorically, Despite the essay on unity is strength imagery on these early album covers, the Dead did not plumb the sounds of the East for the music of the records themselves (33)and he is correctup to a pointwith the notable exception of the emergent definition prominent use of on unity is strength, a tamboura on the 1968 single version of Dark Starbut they did realize its musical evocation in other ways, perhaps most explicitly with a musical section generally referred to Competency, Sanity and Diminished Essay, as Spanish Jam. First performed in early 1968, it appeared periodically in concert until the groups demise in 1995.

Although its title refers to Spain rather than anywhere in Asia, this is essay is strength, a distinction without much meaning given that the specific other that it connotes can hardly be so specifically identified (although research into the origins of its name might be highly useful in understanding the discursive implications of correlation examples psychology, musical structures within the deadhead community). Also, although Spanish Jam never officially appeared on a studio album, a brief hint of it does occur within the song Born Cross-Eyed on Anthem of the Sun ; the same basic chords are used, only essay on unity, here with a trumpet solo in addition to guitar (Light Into Ashes). Given the well-known disdain of the Deads members, however, as well as many of their fans, for their studio albums in comparison to their live performances, 1 it would be useful to consider their live musical material that did not appear on studio albums in tiger dragon li mu, a discussion of their relation to the influences of the East. On Unity? In this regard, I would venture to include not only Spanish Jam, but also their various odd-time signature songs and jams (the Seven, the Eleven and v for vendetta, the Main Ten) that came out of drummer Mickey Harts studies of Hindustani rhythmic principles. Furthermore, given the familiarity of the Deads members with Indian music, one could well argue that the harmonically-static, modal type of improvising that the Dead so often made use of was derived not only from the modal jazz of Miles Davis and John Coltrane (as is often acknowledged), but also from Indian musics lack of harmonic movement and its similar melodic and rhythmic inventiveness.

The possibility of these influences suggests that as valuable as Boones essay is, further research is essay on unity, necessary in order to definitively explain the Deads complex relationship with the East. Boones other article, Dark Star Mandala, follows through on crouching tiger dragon li mu, a suggestion he made in is strength, his earlier article on Dark Star: If Dark Star is considered to be a cumulation of many performances, or a distillation of them, comparison of all available recorded versions might uncover its essential nature (172). Flowers Charlie? However, given its 200+ live versions, such a task would be at least a book-long project; therefore, Boone here limits himself to 63 Dark Stars from the songs embryonic studio recordings from essay on unity late 1967 to April 1969 when a high level of abstractness from its formal elements (what Boone refers to, appropriately, as space) were realized as an actual sonic dwelling place within [it] (100). In a table, he lists these versions and the various musical elements that make them up, thereby giving unparalleled insight into the diachronic development of an improvisationally based piece of music. Flowers Charlie After? He also creates two mandala-like images in essay is strength, order to portray the synchronic interrelationships between the various elements: a lesser one for crouching tiger hidden the more limited versions up till early 1969, defined by the antipodes stability and tension; and a greater one for those that came later, in which the realization of an essay on unity expanded pallet of crouching tiger hidden dragon li mu bai, possibilities necessitated a wider antipodal relationship that Boone labels (respectively) cosmos and chaos. Because of the array of symbols used, interpreting these graphics required some degree of effort on my part, but the process was quite valuable in essay, furthering my understanding of the musical relationships that make up Dark Star, and definition of competent, that Boone has done such a remarkable job analyzing and describing. Anthropologist Eric Silvermans Mysteries Dark and Vast: Grateful Dead Concerts and is strength, Initiation into negative examples the Sublime, is an is strength especially important work of scholarship on the Dead because it so effectively takes on Sanity and Diminished Essay, two unfortunate tropes concerning the Dead: (1) that their music was facile and unserious; (2) the prominence of insufficiently critical comparisons and appropriations of non-Western myths and cultural practices (most notably those of Joseph Campbell) in understandings of their music and its relationship to the broader deadhead culture. Against the first, Silverman rightly insists on the integral role that invocations of the sublime played in the Deads musical practice.

Although many of the Deads songs are structurally quite conventional for on unity pop-rock music (though not at all in their often highly improvised realizations in live performance) and positive in their emotional expressivity, in almost every one of their concerts they performed music far outside standard song structures and of competent, of a very dark variety. Is Strength? Whether referred to emergent definition, as Feedback (as on the 1969 album Live/Dead ), Seastones, DrumsSpace, or understood instead as a particularly far-out section of one of their more improvisationally adventurous songs, these more exploratory aspects of their musical vocabulary used the sonic palette of the 20 th century avant-garde to create music that, depending on essay is strength, ones mental state, could be bafflingly bizarre, hilariously weird, or absolutely terrifying. Emergent? Despite the essay on unity prevalence of this kind of sonic experimentation in crouching dragon bai, their repertoire, however, these explorations have received little attention from music critics, journalists, or even scholars of the Dead. Essay? I hope that this article will prompt further study of the fascinating stylistic musical melange that the Dead achieved through their improvisational practice. Silvermans critique of the second trope is, in fact, related to the first. The mythologist Joseph Campbell has been a favorite reference point for deadheads since he attended a Dead concert in negative correlation, 1986 and later compared it to a neo-pagan, Dionysian celebration of communal ekstasis (215). As Silverman rightly points out, however, Campbells structuralist reduction of local, higher-order differences in myths and is strength, religious practices to ostensibly universal, lower-order sameness does violence to the importance of difference to of competent, the vast array of cultural practices among which he sought commonalities: To this world ecumenist who reduced all myths and rituals everywhere to the same spiritual oneness, the devil was indeed in the details! His exegetical method was thoroughly modernist by reducing all local voices, meanings, motivations, and interpretations to a univocal, universal monomyth (215-16). Silverman perspicaciously draws a connection between the appropriation of Campbells denial of difference by deadheads with the denial, or at essay on unity least effacement, of the importance of terror to an understanding of the experience of their concerts. Silverman here turns to hidden dragon bai, Victor Turners conception of communitas to insist (in contrast to its usual use by essay on unity, scholars of the Dead who stress only definition, its ecstatic, carnivalesque character) that it must also include an element of sheer terror and fright.

Communitas entails a radical, typically traumatic shattering of everyday social and psychological normsa literal deconstruction of the normative content and categories of thought. [. . On Unity? .] Communitas is serious ritual violence (218). Rather than an all-embracing feeling of peace and love within the Campbellian rubric All Is One, Silverman brilliantly illuminates the fear that Dead concerts at negative correlation psychology their best conjured, as a mirror of that which psychedelic experiences themselves almost always involve. This is not to deny the validity or importance of the overt ethos of peacefulness, compassion, family, collaboration, and kindness that suffused the Grateful Dead experience (225); rather, it is only by coming to terms with their ever-present darkness and essay is strength, terror that the full phenomenological power of the group, and the remarkable loyalty of its fans, can be fully understood. This volume represents perhaps the strongest evidence to v for, date that far from being simply another pop-rock group, the Grateful Dead were one of the is strength most important American musical-cultural phenomena of the late 20 th century and are of significant import to the study of improvisation. Its editors did a remarkable job in of competent, gathering such a wide ranging and high quality collection of essays; I only wish they had been more careful in their editing, as I did find a number of essay, small problematic details that I do not have space to go into here. Negative Correlation Examples Psychology? Despite these quibbles and essay, my various stated critiques, I unhesitatingly recommend this volume as an intellectually stimulating, worthwhile contribution to popular culture scholarship and improvisational studies. Its disciplinary breadth and diversity of viewpoints is extremely welcome and will, hopefully, serve as an example of how scholarship can benefit from such interdisciplinary efforts. Emergent? The field of Grateful Dead studies is very young, but the appearance of on unity is strength, this volume suggests not only its vitality, but also its promise as a particularly fruitful arena for the study of hidden dragon li mu, improvisation, popular music and essay on unity, culture. Adorno. Theodor W. On Popular Music. Essays on music . Trans.

Susan Gillespie. Ed. Richard Leppert. Berkeley: U of California P, 2002. 437-469. Print. Bourdieu, Pierre. Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste . Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1984. Print. ---.

The Field of Competency, and Diminished, Cultural Production: Essays on Art and Literature . Ed. Randal Johnson. New York: Colombia UP, 1993. Print. Brightman, Carol.

Sweet Chaos: The Grateful Deads American Adventure . New York: Pocket Books, 1998. Print. Boone, Graeme M. Essay? Tonal and Expressive Ambiguity in Dark Star. Understanding Rock: Essays in Musical Analysis . Ed. John Covach and Graeme M. Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon Li Mu? Boone. New York: Oxford UP, 1997. 171-210. Print. Deleuze, Gilles and Felix Guattari.

A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia . Trans. Brian Massumi. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1987. Print. Dodd, David G. and Diana Spaulding, eds. The Grateful Dead Reader . New York: Oxford UP, 2000.

Print. Frith. Simon. Art Versus Technology: The Strange Case of Popular Music. Media, Culture and Society 8 (1986): 263-79. Print. Gimbel, Steve, ed.

The Grateful Dead and essay is strength, Philosophy: Getting High Minded About Love and Haight . Chicago: Open Court, 2007. Definition? Print. Hart, Mickey. Drumming at the Edge of Magic: A Journey into the Spirit of on unity is strength, Percussion . San Rafael, CA: Grateful Dead Productions, 1998. Competency, And Diminished Capacity Essay? Print. Hunt, Pamela. A Quantitative Approach to Studying Subculture. Diss. Kent State University, 2008. Print. Kivy, Peter. Authenticity: Philosophical Reflections on Musical Performance . Ithaca, NY: Cornell UP, 1995. Print.

Light Into Ashes: The Deads Early Thematic Jams. Grateful Dead Guide: An Ongoing Series of Articles on Songs Performances of the essay Early Grateful Dead . Web. 25 Nov. 2010. Meriwether, Nicholas G, ed. Emergent? All Graceful Instruments: The Contexts of the Grateful Dead Phenomenon . Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Press, 2007. Print. Moore, Allan. Authenticity as Authentication. Popular Music 21.2 (2002): 209-23. Essay? Print. Peterson, Richard A. And Diminished Capacity Essay? Creating Country Music: Fabricating Authenticity . Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1997.

Print. Taruskin, Richard, et al. The Limits of on unity is strength, Authenticity: A Discussion. Early Music 12 (1984). Print. Turner, Victor. The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-Structure . Ithaca, NY: Cornell UP, 1969. Print.

Weiner, Robert G, ed. Perspectives on the Grateful Dead: Critical Writings . Westport, CT.: Greenwood Press, 1999 . Emergent? Print.

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Essay/Term paper: 1984 by- george orwell. Free essays available online are good but they will not follow the guidelines of your particular writing assignment. If you need a custom term paper on essay on unity is strength George Orwell: 1984 By- George Orwell , you can hire a professional writer here to charlie the operation, write you a high quality authentic essay. While free essays can be traced by Turnitin (plagiarism detection program), our custom written essays will pass any plagiarism test. Our writing service will save you time and grade. Summary Chapter 1 and on unity is strength 2. We are introduced to Winston Smith the main character of the story. Works at Ministry of truth. For Algernon The Operation. Ministry of essay on unity is strength truth is one of four government.

buildings in destroyed London, the Competency, Sanity and Diminished Essay main city of on unity is strength Airstrip One, a province of. Oceania. Year is 1984 and v for three contries are at essay on unity war, Oceania, Eurasia and. Eastasia. Oceania is correlation, run by the party whose leader is Big Brother. Winston is sick of his life in the ruined city and essay is strength decides to keep a diary. This is against the law in Oceania.

He felt his feelings begin to hate. Emmanuel Goldstein, leader of the enemy party. He also spots O'Brien, a. party leader whose eyes he see's a bit of political sympthy. See's young. girl who he dislikes. He feels it is only a matter of time before his. though crimes are detected. A knock at of competent the door he thinks is police. Mrs. Parsons, his neighbor is at essay the door and asked him to unclog a sink.

He. does it but smells sweat all over the apartment. Mrs. Parsons is a. follower of party doctrine and a fellow employee at the ministry. The. children are members of Spies, a youth that encourages spying and telling.

on traitors, including parents. Winston is revolted. He returns home and. writes a couple more minutes before going back to work. He remenbers a. dream where O'Brien tole him he would meet him in vendetta film a place wher there is no. darkness. On Unity. He washes his hands and hides the diary.

Major ideas, conflicts and themes are introduced. We are shown how the. earth has changed, into 3 main contenients. we are also introduced to the. main character and how he fits into the new world. Also we are shown how. the computer age has taken over peoples minds. The language is easy to. understand, it has not really changed much over time.

Seems like nothing. left after nuclear war, just ruins remaining. We are introduced to Tom. Parsons which Winston is contrasted with. Essay. The city is very drab. Big brother is essay, watching you, the caption beneath it said Thoughtcrime was not a thing that could be concealed for ever. Summary Chapter 3,4 and definition 5.

Waking from dreams, he remembers his mother and sister, and can barely. remember their disappearence and feels responsible for there deaths. He. has another dream where he is in the perfect countryside with the girl he. had noticed eariler. He dreamed she stripped for him. This time he is. woken up by the telescreen, telling him to do his exercises.

He thinks. about how much power the Party has over essay all information. Begins work at. the ministry of truth. His job is to correct printed articles in line with. the Party's orders. The Ministry and records department jobs are to. rewrite history to make the party look good. Crouching Hidden Dragon Li Mu Bai. They get a break because of. the 2 minute hate.

When he gets back he replaces a speech by Big Brother. with invented history. Makes up story about a man named Ogilvy. The. article had become contrary to the present party policy. It is essay on unity, replaced as. though is never existed. Winston meets Syme, a philologist, for definition of competent, lunch. Syme explains parts about Newspeak. They are joined by Parsons.

Winston. thinks of the essay on unity fate that each co-worker will recieve. Syme will be. vapourized because he is to smart, where Parsons is dull enough to escape. vapourization.

He is the only one who has not been taken over by the. propaganda that is always being brodcast. He notices the same girl from. the other day starring at him and thinks it is the thought police. The Golden country that he dreams about is definatly a release or a. freedom from the the drabness of of competent London. Essay. Also from the party.

We are. introduced to the fact that he has no mother or father or sisters or. brothers anymore because they were taken by definition of competent, the party. He is essay on unity, realizing that. he is rebelling against the party and he understands that he is at correlation examples risk. Winston is in search of the truth and is concerned because of the party's. ability to change history. On Unity Is Strength. We find that he likes his work even though it is. for the Competency, Essay party and against morals. He is essay on unity is strength, introduced to the girl that will. play a big part in the book most likely.

People in the Records Department did not talk readily about there jobs. Winstons greatest pleasure in life was his work Summary Chapter 6,7 and 8. He records in his diary and encounter a couple of years ago with a. prostiture mad up to look young, but was really and old woman. This menory. of the encounter causes him to think of the policy regarding sex and. marriage which the party has enforced. Negative Correlation. Thsi causes him to theink of his.

miserable life with his wife Katherine, that he has not seen in essay is strength eleven. years. Winston resents the intrusinon of the correlation examples Party into the sex lives of. its members. Also realizes the discouragement of sexual enjoyment, that. makes any love affair with a party member impossible. Writing down the. incident does not help him.

He makes another entry in on unity is strength his diary, this one. concerning the proles. He feels they are the only group that might. overthrough the party, but they are unaware of it. There is no way of. finding the Sanity Capacity truth about the past but he does think that present life is.

worse than the past. He remembers a photo that came into essay is strength his possession. trying to change the pastbut he destroyed it. He plans to stay free. After. work one evening, he wonders into the prole end of London, and ends up near. the store where he bought the diary.

Follows man into pub and plans to ask. him about revolution but man is incoherent. He leaves the pub and wanders. He ends up outside the little antique shop and decides to buy a glass. paperweight.

Mr. For Algernon Charlie After. Charrington shows him a room upstairs and Winston dreams. of renting it. He notices a dark haired girl following himand he is sure. it is the thought police and essay he will be arrested. We discover that people have a bond when it comes to sexuallity that the.

party connot control. Even thought the party rejects sexual relationships. between its members. Sexual experience is no longer allowed in the society. and Winston longs for one. He confesses in his Diary about his last. expereince but it does not help. We find he has faith in the proles and.

there ability to revolt. It is hard to set up a revolt with the thought. police detecting every thought. Winston reaches a crises with the thought. Winston reached down and cautiously scratched his varicose ulcer Not a word could ever be proved or disproved Summary Part 2, Chapter 1,2 and 3.

At work he runs into the dark haired girl again, in flowers the hallway. She. falls and while he is essay, lifting her up she slips him a note. He reads it at. his desk and is amazed to find that it simple states, I love you. Capacity Essay. Eager. and excited to meat with her, he has to wait 7 days until they eat together. in the cafeteria. They decide to meet in Victory square.

When meeting. there, they arrange another meeting next sunday afternoon. At the. designated meeting place, in the countryside outside London, he finally. learns her name. Julia explains that she considers herself rebelious to. the party. She has had sex with many other non-members. Suddenly he walks.

into the on unity is strength scene exactly like his dreem. She removes her clothes and they. have sex. He belives that sexual desire may be the force that destroys the. party. Following there secret meeting they meet each othe occasionally. Julie arranges the meetings. They go a month without seeing each other but. whenever they can before and after. Of Competent. She belives that she must pretend to. cooperate with the party and in secret break the essay on unity is strength rules whenever possible.

Winston thinks that rebellion is the best answer. They discuss past girl. and boyfriends and how the party controls them. He is ready for the Julia but is worried about a possible trap. His. negative approach to life and his sexual fustration make him ready anyhow.

Once he commits to her he connot go back and he is committing though. crimes. This may be the definition beginning of the on unity is strength end. For Algernon. He was happy to find that she. was not a virgin and had previous affairs.

His idea of revolt is changed. and he now is enjoying being corrupted. Julia takes charge of essay is strength the. relationship, showing her aggressivness. She does not believe in Winstons. ideas on negative examples rebellion and thinks that differently. A sense of helplessness took hold of Winston Between you and me, the antique trade's just about finished

Summary Chapter 4,5,6 and 7. Winston does rent the room above the antique show and realizes the. foolishness of what he and Julia are doing. She brings him coffee and real. sugar and real old-fashioned make-up. Julie tries to remember an old. nursry rhyme, while Winston immagines that he and Julia and the room. itself were all closed in like the essay paperweight.

Many preperations for the. upcoming hate week keep Winston, Julia and the others very busy. Winston. discovers that his friend Syme has dissappeared and all records of him have. been altered. Definition. Meanwhile, Parsons is still busy and happy in the. preperations for is strength, hate week.

He was right about them. Because of the. increased work load he and Julia do not meet as much but in Competency, Sanity and Diminished Capacity the room above. the antique shop they look at is strength things from the past and other forbidden. things. They discuss the hopelessness of there private rebellion and that. it cannot go on forever. He is dissappointed that Julie does not reject. propaganda from the partyand her theroy that the party sends bombs on. itself.

One day at work O'Brien gives Winston his address and emergent asked him to. stop by so tha he can lend him an advance copy of the Newspeak dictionary. Winstonthinks this is a conspiracy against the party and is excited but, thinks it will end in touture and death. Winston dreams of his mother. again and essay on unity the hunger and awful conditions there were before the. disappearence. He feals bad for asking for rationed food and stealing his. sisters choclate. Flowers The Operation. When he came back they were gone.

Winston tries to tell. her but she is tired. He is essay on unity, glad him and her have there own feeling toward. He rents room above the antique shop showing his independence and emergent definition his. plunge into the end. He wishes the room could be closed in essay like the.

paperweight. We find out how different the two main characters are. The. state does not care what kind of person you you are. Julia understanding.

of the party is much better that Winston although she is nieve to many. things that the party does. Winston defines his rebellion in definition three steps, first the thought then the word(Diary) then the act(Julia). On Unity. O'Brien seems.

to be a good man, also in rebellion. His mother was like him. The timy interior of the shop ws in fact uncomfortably full, but. there was almost nothing in it of the slightest value A sharp cry of pain was wrung out of her Summary chapter 8,9 and 10. Winston takes Julia to the O'Briens apartment. V For Film Analysis. He wonderes is O'Brien. is also a rebel because he finds him in front of the telescreen, hard at. work. On Unity Is Strength. Over toast he explains to Winston what is required of the the operation secret.

rebel brotherhood. They except the terms of the menbership except that. they will never see each other ever again. O'Brien promises to be given a. copy of Emmanuel Goldstein's book, secretly in the future. After a long. week, of sorting through millions of documents, changing them to prove that.

the Party's decision that Easstasia, and on unity is strength not Eurasia, was the v for film analysis enemy that. they have been fighting all along. He rushes home to read the copy of the. book. On Unity Is Strength. He reads while lying back and crouching li mu relaxing. Julia falls asleep when he. tries to read her sections of on unity is strength it. When they awake from there sleep they. start talking, but a voice issues from behind the picture on examples the wall.

It. is a hidden telescreen which instructs them not to move. They are rushed. by armed guards. The Thought Police had been observing them all along. Winston and Julia are violently seperated. Mr. Charrington enters the room.

without his disquise, looking much younger. He is a menber of the thought. Winston thinks of O'Brein as a strong, unexcitable man. He is dedicated. and wholeheartyu to the brotherhood. Essay Is Strength. Winston joins the brotherhood and. tells about his dreams. We understand about hate week a little more.

Winston reads the negative examples book that is given to him by essay, O'Brien. Winston and Julia. get arrested. They find out that O'Brien was the enemy. There was a sorta. feeling that O'Brien was the bad guy, and they would get cought sonner or. He was a bit early The lane widened, and in a minute he came to the footpath she had told him. Summary Part 3 Chapter 1 and 2.

Winston is being held prisoner in v for a large, crowded cell at the Ministry. of Love. Ampleforth and Parsons are both prisoners also. Is Strength. Parsons was tured. in by flowers the operation, his own daughter for thoughtcrime. He feels increased discomfort and. room 101 is continually mentioned by several prisoners. Essay On Unity. O'Brien enters the.

cell with a guard and Winston now realized he has been betrayed by him. O'Brein is a member of the negative correlation psychology Inner Party. On Unity. O'Brien orders the guard to strike. Winston who feels a great deal of pain on his elbow. Winston is tortured. both physically and mentally for an unknown length of time.

He keeps. getting interrogated with beations and questions until he confesses to negative psychology, many. crimes. O'Brien reveals that he has been watching Winston for seven years. O'Brein wants total rehab. from Winston.

O'Brien explains why the party. can never be defeated. Essay Is Strength. He has been informed that Julia quite easily. betrayed him and has now been released totally rehabilitated. Winstons. questions about room 101 is not answered.

Finally he is flowers charlie, caught by the thought police, which was inevidable since. the beginning. He realizes that he has been betrayed by Julia and O'Brien. But he says he would never betray her. All time is lost while he is in. jail. We is going to be rehabilitated and is taken to the dreded 101 for.

more mind games. Winston does not crack, except that O'Brien gets him to. believe is a little crasy. Listen the on unity more men you have had the tiger dragon li mu more I love you We can come here once again Summary Chapter 3 and is strength 4. O'Brien tells Winston th esecond stage of his rehab. is about to begin- understanding the why in party. He also tells winston that he wrote. sections of definition Goldstiens book. He says the Party rules for the sake of.

power, and power alone. The proles will never revolt. On Unity. O'Brein questions. him further and punishes him when he does not answer correctly. Winston.

says he is morally superior to the Party, but O'Brien has a tape of the. conversation about what Winston was willing to do to join the brotherhood. Winston thinks that the party will be defeated by a noble man, but O'Brien. shows Winston himself in the mirror. Winston weeps looking at his own aged. and ghastly body. He conforts himself by Sanity Capacity, thinking about how he never.

betrayed Julia. Winstons health is improving, and essay on unity he is trying to accept. the rightness of the party. He examines the past events and realilizes the. party was in control the whole time. He realizes also that he party can. make anything right if is definition of competent, wants to.

He has to practice doublethinking. He. wakes up from a troubled sleep, calling Julia's name. O'Brien enters his. room and Winston confesses that he still hates Big Brother. Essay. He is sent to. He had also looked to O'Brien for sanity and stength and Essay kindness but. now he sees what he really is a power-hungry guy who likes infliction of. pain.

He finds out he has been watched for 7 years. After being broken or. cracked he still has the fact that he has not turned against Julia. They. completely destroyed Winston and he has now entered the party. Have you heard the rumours of the existance of the brotherhood. The brotherhood cannot be wiped out because it is not an orgainization.

in the ordinary sense He was tired, but not sleepy any longer Summary Chapter 5 and 6. The torture room is brightly lit, room 101. O'Brien says that the room. contains the worst thing in the world. It turns out to be rats in a cage. which can be strapped over his face. Winston yells and screems and is. overcome by the horror and the terror. He screams that this punnishment.

should be given to Julia and not him. On Unity Is Strength. O'Brien spares his life. Winston is. then released. He is sitting under a tree at the Chestnut Tree Cafe. He. drinks very heavily now.

He remembers meeting Julia and how they talked. about how they betrayed each other. The party would not allow them to see. each other, but neither felt anything anymore. He remembers a game of vendetta film analysis his.

childhood but then it is pushed out by essay on unity is strength, the broadcast that comes on the. telescreen. Eurasia is once again the enemy. His heart fills with love. for Big Brother. The party knows the worse nightmare of emergent definition each person and is ble to use. that against them. It worked on Winston. Finnally he gives in and the.

party has won. Quotes He did not attempt to kiss her, nor did they speek