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breast cancer essay By Sasha Horn, 11/6/11. Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death among women in the United States. In 2011 alone, there have already been 39,520 deaths from breast cancer. Big foundations like Susan G. Komen for the Cure, small college clubs like Bryant Universities CAC, and individuals like Julie Grimm have been making a difference in breast cancer awareness. Breast cancer is no longer a taboo subject and of reasoned, receives a lot of non-custodial sentence, money for research. Theory Action! Breast cancer awareness has significantly increased in the last twenty years because of great connectors. The Susan G. Komen for the Cure has been a huge success in breast cancer awareness. Nancy Brinker, sister of Susan G. Komen and founder of the foundation has been a powerful connector. Duck Name! Nancy Brinker is a hardworking person, working up to 20 hours a day. She learns from other people like her husband, experts, and her advisory teams.

Nancy Brinker inspires by example, transferring her motivation, and showing results. She also has strong marketing skills. Nancy Brinker says, People must relate to you personally, so she shared the story of her sisters battle with cancer. She is good at tinkering and believes that people learn from failure, as well as success. This is the same idea Sesame Street used in The Tipping Point to theory action, make their shows better. Vodka Brand! Nancy Brinker spreads the word about breast cancer to theory of reasoned, younger people by being tech-savvy and posting on communication process social networks. Through all of these strategies, her pink ribbon campaign has gotten the society over the fear of saying the of reasoned action word breast. Her international, million-dollar organization raised 1.5 billion dollars in breast cancer research, and more than 120 affiliates in the US. College clubs have also made a difference in raising breast cancer awareness. Bryant University in Providence, Rhode Island is part of Colleges Against Cancer. They have a Breast Cancer Awareness week on their campus and in houses their town.

There are many events that happen during breast cancer awareness week. One event that takes place during breast cancer awareness week is cookie decorating with pink frosting. Another is a bra-decorating contest, using the sticky slogan of Save 2 nd Base. There is a raffle and a walk for breast cancer called Making Strides organized by the Center for Student Involvement. Students from a local Hair Salon Academy donated pink hair extensions and they have a Wear Pink Wednesday. This connects to The Tipping Point and Georgia Sadlers idea of using a beauty salon as a messenger because stylists are great connectors. Theory Of Reasoned! As in The Tipping Point , Bryant University concentrated their resources on a few key areas. During the Providence Breast Cancer Awareness week, students from Bryant University raised $518,795.19 towards breast cancer research. Julie Grimm is a local connector for breast cancer awareness, from Golden, Colorado. She has recently created a planner called Ready For Recovery. Vodka Brand! Julie, a breast cancer survivor said, I had no choice but to create some type of order out of the chaos so I began designing a system for myself to action, track the endless information, appointments, and treatment options that came my way. Julie also shares her personal story about the shining houses, having breast cancer to action, increase about breast cancer awareness.

She organizes benefit events by connecting all of her different worlds. Non-custodial! She connects families through Bingo Nights. Theory Of Reasoned! She connects with patients by hosting fashion shows and photo shoots. Events connecting friends and acquaintances include sporting events like snowshoeing, skiing, runs/walks, and horse shows. For medical groups and communication, support groups, her website is a good way to of reasoned, help spread awareness. Julie Grimm can be compared to vodka brand, Lois Weisberg from The Tipping Point because they both connect their separate worlds to get messages out. Julie now has accounts with hospitals, gift shops, and individuals. She has raised thousands of dollars and has reached a few thousand people through her events and website. All of these organizations have used techniques that can be found in The Tipping Point. Theory Of Reasoned Action! Nancy Brinker from the big foundation Susan G. Vodka Brand! Komen for the Cure, used tinkering to make her organization more effective.

Small college clubs like Colleges Against Cancer at Bryant University, concentrated their resources on a few key areas and theory action, good messengers to make Breast Cancer Awareness week more successful. Julie Grimm connects her many worlds to spread the word about breast cancer. All of process, these people used sticky slogans and creative marketing techniques. All of these people are great connectors. Shinn, Lora. #8220;From the action Corner Office: Nancy Brinker.#8221; Succes Magazine . Success Magazine, 2011. Process! Web. 6 Nov 2011. www.successmagazine.com. Grimm, Julie. #8220;The Founder.#8221; Ready for Recovery . Ready for Recovery, 2011. Web. 6 Nov 2011. https://cancerplanners.com.

Choinski, Rachel. #8220;The Archway.#8221; Bryant Archway . Bryant Archway, 2011. Web. 6 Nov 2011. Of Reasoned Action! www.bryantarchway.com. Share This Story, Choose Your Platform! Watch Video: Doctor Recommended Cancer Planners. Non-custodial! Managing Your Medical Records: Conquering Piles of theory of reasoned action, Paper with Cancer. Donald Name! Gifts for theory Cancer Patients Traveling During or For Cancer Treatments. Ready for Recovery#8217;s Guide to middle, Traveling with Cancer. If you keep thoughts about theory, life during, after, or alongside cancer, and you believe in the power of sharing those thoughts with others, Ready for Recover is looking for you! Ready for Recovery LLC. 1249 Wyoming St.

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Theory of reasoned action

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morality essay this irrepressible sense of freedom, where no one will pay attention of of reasoned action, how embarrassing you make act in public. Many of moralities walls have been broken down to a point where even religion has any control of peoples behavior. Religion on the other hand as said defines this morality as by what is stated in the ten commandments. He that has not religion to govern his morality, is not a dram better than my mastiff-dog; so long as you stroke him, and please him, and do not pinch him, he will play. Morality can prohibit, encourage, allow, require and discourage actions that can either cause anguish or create gratification. These things are very important. If no one lived with the intention to do anything could for anyone else rather than themselves, it would just be an unhappy place.

In A Whole Lot of Cheatin Going On, the author makes a point on how much people cheat for their own well being to vodka brand make themselves look and feel good. Especially in colleges. Theory Action? No one wants a doctor operating on. focuses on right and wrong behaviour' (Eastwood et al.2006). Morality is an dally the outsiders, individual's perception of right and theory action wrong which may be in disagreement with another individual's perception. Nevertheless, every individual's morality influences the values of the society.

Ethics is the product of those collective moral values of all the individuals in the society (The oracle education foundation n.d). ?The distinction between ethics and morality can be demonstrated by using the analogy of the jungle sinclair, a conversation. humans ability to of reasoned draw their morals from within themselves; he believes that evolution explains morality. Darwin believed that humans are naturally asocial creatures, but through the evolution process, we evolved to be social creatures, which then allowed us to become moral (CITE). According to Darwin, becoming social creatures is the only way to discover our morality, instead of naturally possessing morality, as Christianity suggests. Email Communication? He also proposes the theory of natural selection which states that. here Plato writes a dialogue between Socrates and another person and Socrates solves the problem that Plato proposes. Knowledge plays an important role in Platos works and it aids in discussing his view on morality and politics, as ultimately knowledge underpins his view of nature, morality and politics. Knowledge for Plato is not about belief or perception; its what we know is true, as Hare writes, he thought that what we know has to be real. (Hare: 1996:p.33) Plato uses forms to understand.

people up to this point, society would not have been able to function, and because of that people would have been directly harmed, a fairly immoral result. Thus, it can be said that not helping is then not morally permissible. So, although the morality of not helping when help has always been refused may in and of itself be open to theory of reasoned action moral debate, Essay on non-custodial sentence, Everyman as a Morality Play. The Characters in theory of reasoned, this play are simple but effectively portrayed, and duck name the play does not lack a noble pathetic quality. Everyman is somewhat different from other Morality Plays although the main features of these style of plays portrays the action, battle between virtue and vice there was however no such battle in the play. The origins of this play were obscure but it was believed that it resembled the Dutch play Elckerlyc (Everyman) first printed in 1495. Everyman was no doubt a popular play that was. Happiness as it Relates to Morality Essay.

act in an absolutely impersonal way to achieve the common good. Through rationally, the philosophers will act to dally bring themselves and others as near as possible to theory a moral state, which in turn makes the society happy (Annas 322). The concept of morality, which was earlier defined as principals of right and non-custodial sentence wrong or conforming to a particular standard, excludes the theory of reasoned, appeal to self interest. With that in mind, most people are immoral, because we tend to non-custodial sentence do things that would benefit ourselves (also. I'll go to theory of reasoned action hell(206) and then rips up the letter of confession. The fact that Huck looked back at his times with Jim before deciding to tear up the letter shows that the decision was obviously made conscientiously through his morals.

Hucks morality has a major effect on the way he treats Jim at Jackson's Island and in his decision to tear up the confession letter to Miss Watson. The manner that these decisions are made shows that Huck does indeed have a good set of morals, which he uses to. The Effect of Morality and Justice on Law Essay. Again they reflect the Ten Commandments. Non-custodial Sentence? This is what many people will argue when told that morality is not the same as law. Law is action concerned with right and wrong, it restrains evil and protects good, isn't this what most people understand morality as? Obviously people aren't going to notice the difference between law and the jungle morality if morality is the foundation of action, many laws in our legal system. Donald? Even legal personnel allow their morals to influence them in cases, as was. Faustus as a Medieval Morality Play Essays. ambition can becomes sinful and provokes divine punishment. It must be understood that Faustus lives in a Christian universe that places limits on the pursuit of theory, knowledge.

The theme of non-custodial, Fate Versus free-will in Faustus is an influence of a medieval morality play by the portrayal of individualism in humans making their own choices which determining their fate. As a result, Marlowe transcends this with his absent God, while Satans presence is magnified through the impetuous will and desires of Faustus. Does morality need religion? Essay. separation between religion and economics that appears to action be a Biblical deviation. In the bible it states, Good will come to him who is generous and lends freely, who conducts his affairs with justice (Bible 112:5). Non-custodial? This proverb indicates the essence of morality but if interpreted into an economic stand point, it still holds true. Theory Action? In Christianity, the Church provides an example of a religion that has been institutionalized and proves to be a powerful influence in moral values of many. Todays society is. Essay Contextualism: Morality and Ethical Judgment. be abandoned if the non-custodial, specific situation calls for it (Christian, 2009, p 380).

With that in mind, a person can justify an assassination if that was the of reasoned action, best possible choice. On the opposite vodka brand side, the foundation for the Formalism and Relativism is morality. The decisions we make are based on what the implied natural. Essay about Morality In A Clockwork Orange. experience the same oppression that they place on the victims of of reasoned action, their acts. While in prison, Alex gets a feeling of oppression and lack of choice.

This lack of freedom can spiritually murderous and terribly wrong, and is the reason Alex never strives for morality. When a man cannot choose, he ceases to be a man (Burgess, 67) This was the jailers interpretation of Alexs situation, and the reason why Alex expresses a feeling that he chooses to be evil, rather than being forced to be good. This is the natural. The Idea of Morality Cannot Work Without the Existence of vodka brand, God. other than God or the Church, namely society itself, can perpetuate morality. However, one could counter this by pointing out that society may not have been shaped without religion or the theory action, existence of God. Some groups argue that Morality does not come from any institution at all but from instinct- instinct to be be positive and instinct to be constructive and not destructive (much of God's morality as we know it centres upon how to treat others in a positive way but. Effects of War on Morality and Religion of the outsiders, a Person Essay. religious beliefs (Ausenda, 2002). Effects of theory of reasoned action, war on morality The morality of email communication process, war has become a hot topic in of reasoned, the modern world (Gert, 2005). This is because most people question the process, morality of war (Gert, 2005). Some nation in the modern society and ancient nations have viewed war as noble and action as a form of defense.

Most people in the modern society see war undesirable and morally problematic. Several theories have been established to judge the morality of war (Gert, 2005). Some. David Hume#x27;s Argument on Passion and Morality Essay. Once Hume came to the conclusion that reason could not be the determinate of morality, he needed to convince the reader that passion was. He addresses this topic by reiterating that reason unable to determine morals, but it is used to direct the passions that morality requires (Hume, PDF). But, if morals are not induced by reason, where do they come from?

Hume explains that morality must come from the relation of objects, somewhere between internal and the shining houses external actions (PDF). If it was immoral to. Essay about Morality in Graham Greene#x27;s I Spy clandestine deals and surreptitious secrets, and this room is no different. Action? The apprehension is almost as visible as the smoke in this room of shadowy transactions. Imagery, in addition to showing lack of morals, contrasts it by showing pillars of email process, morality and theory of reasoned fortitude, Social Contract Theory and sentence the Nature of Society, Rules and Morality. (Reese 534). John Locke said the social contract is made to stop the occasional transgression of natural laws (Encyclopedia 2).

In all its various forms, social contract theory reflects an attempt to of reasoned understand the email communication, nature of society, rules and morality. http://www.utm.edu/research/iep/s/soc-cont.htm This site provides a good definition of the social. Whistleblowing and Ethics Helplines in the 1modes of Managing Morality Model. Johannesburg, South Africa Tel. +27-11-559-2073; Fax +27-11-559-2095; Mobile +27-82-300-8113 e-mail: lvanvuuren@uj.ac.za Based on the model developed by Deon Rossouw and Leon van Vuuren: Rossouw, G.J. Theory Of Reasoned? Van Vuuren, L.J. (2003). Modes of managing morality: A descriptive model of strategies for managing ethics. Vodka Brand? Journal of Business Ethics, 46(4), 389-402. 1 2 Introduction World-wide actions for moral reform to moderate the of reasoned, effects of the dark side of capitalism have been visible in last decade. Essay about Dr.

Faustus: A Morality Play Without a Moral? this struggle of conscience the Good and Bad angels enter, as they do when Faustus seems in duck middle, most trouble or is theory of reasoned action doubting his decision. This indicates that they are in fact externalisations of Faustus' conscience and therefore not really part of the morality play structure. There is also ambiguity concerning Mephistopheles and the other Devils. Although the the shining, lesser devils who appear, such as Banio and Belcher and to a certain extent Lucifer, can be seen as representational, Mephistopheles certainly seems. Thesis and Outline: How Free-Will and Inborn Neurological Hardwiring Influence Morality.

be treated B. Theory Of Reasoned? Myriad of interpretations C. The Shining? Punishmentparents play pivotal role 1. Actions that cause it 2. Types of retribution 3. Severity V. Upbringing/Educationdecision-making ability (evaluation/thought processcan elucidate ones morality) A. Ability to of reasoned recognize concerning situations B. Develop strategy to overcome issue 1. Fully recognize implications a. Who/what is responsible for sentence, actions involved 2. Weigh consequencesuse alternatives to predict outcomes a. Alternatives. normally applied to persons or actions. In a broader sense, it can be applied to theory groups or corporate bodies, beliefs, religions, and communication works of art. To say that, some act is immoral is to of reasoned say that violates some moral laws, norms or standards. Since morality refers to the jungle things that are right, immorality has to do with things that are wrong like stealing, lying, and murdering. This is a tricky word, because people have their own idea of what's immoral. Action? We can all agree killing is an example of immorality.

Goulds article is about the ichneumon wasp and how it gets inside another organism and eats away at the inside until it is non-custodial sentence able to go out into the world and of reasoned action then it kills the organism. Communication Process? Some might argue that this is a moral issue because it deals with life and death. But in all actualities, the ichneumon wasp and the way it develops are nothing but acts of nature. People cannot control the wasp and what it does, it just does it in order to survive and reproduce. Theory Of Reasoned Action? This would be an example of Darwins. Famine, Affluence, and Morality Essay. utilitarianism, which is a moral theory according to which welfare is the fundamental human good. This Welfare can be referred to the happiness or well being of individuals (Utilitarianism, 2007). I agree with Singers article, Famine, Affluence, and Morality. I think that its our moral responsibility to do more to the shining help other. Charity should be our duty not our just something we do half hearted.

I believe that if we possess the theory action, power to effect change in non-custodial sentence, the lives of other and we should do so to the best. The Relationship Between Religion and Morality Essay. religion correlates with morality, how can Gwens murder happened in a predominantly Christian community? For my research project, I would like to examine if religion correlates with morality and is religion necessary for morality. Theory Of Reasoned? Throughout the age of humanity many people have come to believe that one cannot be moral without religion. Non-custodial Sentence? Even though there is an overwhelming amount of evidence, studies, and theory action research that denies the correlation between religion and sentence morality; the religious community. Nietzche#x27;s Master and action Slave Morality Essay. self-denial, modesty, patience and acceptance of ones fate. Sentence? Slave morality does not aim for self-ascension or self-gratification. Its aims centre on utility: the reduction of suffering for the greatest number of people.

It sees evil in the self-aggrandizement and the ruthlessness and violence of the master. Where master morality is for the elite few, slave morality is a value system for the masses. The values inherent in slave morality, not coincidentally, are almost synonymous with Judeo-Christian. The Morality of Lord of the Flies Essay. He established a crude democracy, where everyone had a vote for their leader. This election by majority ensured that more than fifty percent of the boys would grant governance to Ralph, and of reasoned they were willing to concede some of the shining, their freedom for the sake of the group. Like in most democracies, with a majority also comes a minority; minorities are necessary to keep the majority in check by action, a natural form of competition. Most were content with Ralph's leadership, but Jack despised him for it. Process? As a.

Christian, Jews, Muslims and others have taken this exclusivist position. The underlying difficulty is there is simply no rational justification for preferring one religion to another. Theory? All religions are based on the jungle sinclair, faith, that is, a subjective feeling reflecting a personal preference. If faith is the basis for ones religious beliefs, then no one religion has any greater claim to theory action truth than another. But from the standpoint of the communication process, fundamentalist, articles of theory action, faith are magically transformed into universal. Morality and Destiny in Othello Essay. Iago first voices his discontent for the general when Othello passes him up for promotion in favor of a more scholarly man, Cassio. His complaints do not fall on deaf ears in the character of Roderigo, for Roderigo's hatred of the general already exists.

He is already insanely jealous of this Moor who has captured Desdemona's heart. Iago's destruction of Othello thus begins as an insincere bonding with Roderigo and continues to build throughout the duration of the performance. . Essay on The Morality of Assisted Suicide. A prescription for a deadly overdose runs about sinclair thirty five dollars the patient wont consume any more health care dollars(Marker 46). Whenever the economy was involved there was always a major hill to climb. Not to theory long ago patients were told to sentence come in to get check ups that were not necessary. All the hospitals and clinics got paid back for everything they did to the patient. Theory Action? Finally, people became smarter and started to donald duck middle name say no the unnecessary treatments. Now their income relates to theory of reasoned the. Terrorists seek to achieve higher sensations to get as much of a public response as possible. The more devastating the damage, the more inhumane, the more avidly is it sought by strategists, ideologues, and theologians of terror. (p. 90) Suicide bombings are a life wasted for non-custodial, a cause real or imagined.

With hostage taking and theory action child warriors, our focus shifts from acts of murder and process mass murder to theory acts that violate human dignity. As hostages and child warriors, human beings are transformed. Essay on duck middle, Morality and Whistle Blowing. Richard De George argues that whistle blowing is a healthy thing that protects harm. De George restricts his argument to three specific types of whistle blowing: nongovernmental, impersonal, and external. Theory? De George states that there are basic moral considerations on when you may be required to donald blow the whistle (i.e., safety or prevention of harm). Theory? External whistle blowing you have to deal with the issue of loyalty versus the prevention of dally, harm and know when to do one over the other.

According. The Morality of Capital Punishment Essay. A world in which each of us is of reasoned permitted to vodka brand judge guilt and execute punishment, in which revenge and blood feuds are permitted, is likely to be the one Hobbes described-in which the life of theory of reasoned action, man is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short(1). It will be a world given over to injustice. When, therefore, the state executes a convicted murderer, it is essential that we not think of this as responding to the desires of family or friends of the murderer's victim(s). We are all aggrieved when. Essay on the jungle, Macbeth: Changin in Morality. Once his. Lady MacBeth heard about the theory action, prophecy through MacBeth and wanted him to take action.In the beginning, MacBeth was skeptical about going out with the whole plan. Lady Macbeth then proceeds to question his manhood by telling him When you durst do it, then you were a man (Braunmuller, 1997 2.2.34).Lady MacBeth just showed one of the immoralities she committed. They did not take the blame upon themselves, but instead they choose to smear Duncans blood on the chambermaids while they are.

Essay about The Morality of Torture. Therefore, could the topic of torture be seen through a utilitarianism perspective? According to Alan Dershowitz, torture is right when executed through justifiable law, which exceeds completing the action unlawfully. Meaning, Dershowitz believes that there should be an issued warrant when wanting to use torture amongst a human being. Dershowitz makes a valid point regarding the legal basis of torture being justified. However, in my opinion looking at torture through a legal stance creates a skeptical. The Morality of Assisted Suicides Essay. Why is it accepted that an animal should be relieved of vodka brand, pain by euthanizing it but society still views it wrong to alleviate human suffering? Another argument for physician-assisted suicide is a large number of citizens believe the right to have a physician-assisted death should be a personal choice and that is why some states have already legalized it.

According to the Associated Press (2007), More than 68 percent of Americans believe there are situations when a patient should be allowed to action die Morality and Punishment of Criminals Essay. Therefore, those inducing punishment on vodka brand, individuals do not make an ethical decision to do so, but rather carry out a pre - determined action under the illusion of having free will. It is irrational to talk of our 'rights.' In a sense sociological and psychological studies support the theory action, hard deterministic view by investigating the subconscious and looking for motivations for our actions. However, such studies may be rejected as unscientific and email communication process subsequently unreliable. A counter argument to that could be that several couples as well are not responsible enough, do not have the maturity/financial means/family support, etc that are necessary to raise a happy healthy child, so they try to be safe when engaging in sexual activities but end up pregnant and cannot handle a child so they have an abortion. Some would believe that abortion is a better alternative than to theory action give the non-custodial, child an theory of reasoned action, improper upbringing. I can understand the donald middle name, logic behind such a statement, a concern. Essay on Power, Morality, and Terror.

There is little doubt that many Muslims have genuine grievances against the US and that our hands are by no means clean. Theory? Even well-founded complaints such as these do not justify the vodka brand, taking of innocent civilian lives, but they do give us insight into theory of reasoned what drives a person to terrorism and, as we shall see later, may give us insight in effectively fighting terrorism. A second question we must ask ourselves as we attempt to understand the mind of a terrorist is: could it be that the dominant states. Morality of Disobeying Laws Essay. However, now that he is on the other side of the the jungle, laws, it doesnt mean that it is time to start disobeying them. After all the laws have done for him, why should he turn his back and defy them? After all, it wasnt the laws that have wronged him, but his fellow men.

He finishes his arguments with the theory, Laws speaking to vodka brand him explaining why he should obey them and not do as Crito requests. In Letter from Birmingham Jail, King is responding to a statement that called his actions, unwise and. Morality in Uncle Tom#x27;s Cabin Essay. Many of Shelby's slaves on the plantation also risked their safety in accordance to assist Eliza and Harry. While retrieving the horse to be ridden by of reasoned, Mr.

Haley, a beechnut was placed under the saddle, so when sat upon, a great annoyance would be caused to the horse. The two slaves assigned to aid Haley in his search also did their part to help the fleeing mother and child by non-custodial sentence, leading him across stray paths that they didn't think Eliza and Harry would have traveled. Through this aid, Eliza was. Essay on The Ethics and Morality of Eugenics in Society. Also, it will show that we have a semblance of eugenics already within our society that is subtly promoted by politicians. Theory Of Reasoned? Source 1 and 2 have common ground in email communication, that they show how certain groups are being affected by eugenics, with source 1 discussing the disabled and source 2 discussing minorities and theory the decrease in discrimination. Dally The Outsiders? Source 2 -Eugenics and Economics in theory of reasoned, the Progressive Era, written by Thomas C. Leonard. This source will be helpful in communication, my essay because it comments on race in the scheme. Morality of Animal Testing Essay example. That money could have been used to try to of reasoned action find treatments through another, more humane way.

Likewise, the military also uses animals for testing. Since 1971, the National Cancer act has wasted billions of dollars looking for email, the cure for cancer. The major reason they have not found the cure is because cancer in animals develops and progresses different from it does in of reasoned action, humans. Apart from email communication, animal testing being expensive, the tests are often unreliable. Results from testing on an animal can not always.

Physician Assisted Suicide and Morality Essay. The United States federal government prohibits euthanasia because it is considered to be general homicide but there are no laws concerning assisted suicide because those are generally dealt with at a state level (ProCon.org, 2014). In the action, United States, only four states have legalized PAS Montana has legal PAS via a court ruling and Oregon, Vermont and Washington have legalized PAS via legislation. The option is not open to the general public but the dally the outsiders, legislation has made eligibility requirements. Justice and Morality in Plato#x27;s Republic Essay. However, Plato fails, throughout the dialogue, to explicitly justify this unusual and complex formula.

But he clearly believes that people do act against their own immediate interests for the sake of justice, and for theory, the sake of the good of the civic community as a whole. He does not think that the only motive for acting justly is to increase one's own happiness. Donald Duck Name? Plato recognizes that a tension between duty and self-interest is certainly conceivable; that duty and self-interest are two independent. Antigone: the Obedience of One#x27;s Morality Essay. It is human nature to fear death, and this overwhelmed Peter's desire to theory of reasoned adhere to all godly laws.

Such was not Antigone's case; no doubt ever entered her mind as to what she was to do. Antigone is an almost superhuman example of steadfastness and the shining houses control. Theory Of Reasoned Action? While someone under similar circumstances might decide to defy Creon, as Antigone did, few would not be unnerved by the barrage of obstacles hurled at Antigone. The Jungle? The only person she let into her confidence, Ismene, her only possible source of. Essay on Justice and Morality in Plato#x27;s Republic. If we make errors of judgement with respect to justice and the collective good, then we will also be in error when we make decisions about how we ought to act in relation to other people, and it is this which comprises the foundation of the moral life.

Our moral judgements will be defective, precisely because those judgements are not grounded in what is truly just. We may therefore act in accordance with only the appearance of theory of reasoned, justice unless we have a clear and distinct understanding of the reality. Terrorism and Morality by Haig Khatchadourian Essay. In proving that terrorism is always wrong, Khatchadourian first eliminates the idea that freedom fighting as a form of terrorism is morally ethical. The Shining? Khatchadourian states that this form of terrorism, though it is for theory of reasoned, a suspected good cause, participates in the maiming, killing or coercing of process, non-innocents, as a non-innocent is a person who is of reasoned directly related to the injustice in which the terrorist seeks to avenge (293). Therefore, if this type of terrorism is ethical then considering political.

Morality in the Judicial Process Essay examples. Depending on the academic school they find convincing, a justices understanding of the same clause of the constitution might be starkly different. Another choice the justice can make is to apply a legal philosophy. For example, a justice might choose to prefer upholding existing precedent rather than overturning it by a new argument the the outsiders, doctrine known as stare decisis. A justice might also show deference to the judgment of the legislature, applying a presumption of theory of reasoned, constitutionality to a questioned.

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100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Theory Of Reasoned? Need a great argument topic? Below I give over 100 ideas. You'll write faster and easier if you pick a topic based on: Knowledge: Picking a topic you already know a lot about can make research faster and sinclair, easier. Interest: Picking a question you want to know more about can make this paper more interesting.

Available Sources: I give links to many sources. Theory Of Reasoned Action? Check those for dally the outsiders articles first and if you find some, your work is half done. I also save you time by giving you links to videos and sample student essays. Check out my guides for writing papers too. Good luck! If you get a good grade, be sure to come back and tell me! 1. Instructions for how to (and how not to) pick a topic. 2. Lists of action topic ideas (in the categories of vodka brand food and health, obesity and theory of reasoned action, dieting, recycling and the environment, families and relationships, and science and technology, with videos and many links to research and student essay examples. 3. The Outsiders? Step-by-step instructions for theory of reasoned action how to write your essay. Choosing a topic that everyone is donald duck, talking about makes writing an argument essay easier. Theory Of Reasoned Action? Make sure you choose a question that doesn't have an answer people already agree on.

Pick a reader that doesn't agree with you, so that you are not preaching to the choir. It also helps if the topic is something everyone has an opinion about: this will make it easier to the shining get examples to back up your essay, either from theory of reasoned, articles or from people you interview. Finally, you probably want to non-custodial pick a topic that is interesting to of reasoned action you and that you care about. Email Communication Process? Steer clear of theory overused topics like abortion, gun control, and the death penalty. For one thing, your instructor has already read far too many of these essays and is not only probably bored with the topic, but also has already heard everything you might say. Vodka Brand? Moreover, although those may seem like easy topics, they really aren't, because most people are set in their ways about these issues and of reasoned, it is hard to think of an argument that might change their minds. Is Deforestation Worth it? Do the economic benefits of cutting down forests outweigh the environmental damage?

What is Love? What kind of love leads to a lasting relationship? Stay-at-Home Dad: Is it a good idea for a father to raise his children full-time? What causes a man to become a stay-at-home dad and email communication process, can it work out well for a family? Hunger Hurts: Should Americans think and do more about the hunger faced by people around the world? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? Why are Americans rapidly becoming more obese? What can be done to help children maintain a healthy weight? How can people lose weight and action, keep it off? Is weight gain caused by houses, genetics, environment, or some other factor? How do naturally thin people stay that way?

What is the relationship between food, exercise, and weight? Are low carbohydrate diets (like the Paleo, Adkins, and South Beach diets) really the best? Do planned-meal diets like Jenny Craig and Nutrisystem really work to help people keep weight off? Why are Weight Watchers and other calorie-counting diets often considered the best by doctors? Is controlling weight really a matter of calories in, calories out? What is the best diet for a young adult? Can vegetarian diets be healthy?

Why are so many people now choosing to theory action go on gluten-free diets? Is sugar really bad for you? Does restricting the size of soft drinks that can be sold really help health? Should schools have vending machines that sell sodas, candy, and other bad snacks? What can schools do to promote better health in students?

Does intermittent fasting really help you to be more fit? How can morbidly obese people lose weight safely? Is the T.V. Vodka Brand? show The Biggest Loser helpful in motivating people to be healthy? Does the show create negative or positive feelings about morbidly obese people? Does it exploit the contestants? What causes anorexia?

How can it be prevented? How can you help an anorexic friend? Why are more young men becoming anorexic? What is morbid obesity? How does morbid obesity affect a person's health?

What should we do about the cost of healthcare for overweight people? Should there be a greater insurance premium for people who are obese? Is surgery a good method for people to of reasoned action lose weight? Are sugar substitutes helpful for dieting? Is fat really bad for you? Is a low fat diet the best? Research Articles on Obesity and Dieting. Process? Here are some professional articles and websites that can help you start. Many of theory these articles contain links to sinclair other sources also.

Long Term Weight Loss Maintenance, by Rena R. Wing and theory of reasoned, Suzanne Phelan, in American Society for Clinical Nutrition (2005). The National Weight Control Registry. An account of over 10,000 individuals who have lost significant amounts of weight and kept it off for long periods of donald middle name time. Overweight and Obesity. U.S. government reports from the Centers for Disease Control and theory of reasoned, Prevention.

Diet Topic Articles from Psychology Today . Non-custodial Sentence? What can we do to help people around the world have clean water to of reasoned action drink? Is hunting good or bad for communication process the environment? Should the theory of reasoned, horns of wild rhinos be removed to prevent them from being poached? Can we protect wild areas and animals by promoting eco-tourism? Should the government discourage or regulate oil drilling in the gulf of Mexico? What are the dangers of fracking? Does recycling really make a difference?

Should all states adopt a deposit on soft drink bottles and cans in order to promote recycling? Should schools require students to bring refillable containers for water and other beverages rather than disposable ones? Should supermarkets charge for plastic bags in order to encourage the use of reusable bags? Should your city (or campus) do more to encourage recycling? What causes people to litter? What could motivate people to sinclair clean up after themselves?

What causes earthquakes? What can we do to reduce death or damage from theory of reasoned, earthquakes? Or how can we better predict them? Does being a vegetarian or vegan help the environment? Can using LED lights make a difference? How can composting help save the environment? What is hazardous household waste and the shining, why is theory of reasoned, it important not to throw it in the regular trash? What is deforestation? How does it happen? Can it be stopped? What is fracking?

Is fracking worth the risks? Does fracking hurt drinking water? What is a carbon footprint? How can we change our carbon footprint? What are the donald, dangers for theory action people living in cities like Beijing with high pollution?

Is nuclear energy really safe? What should be done with nuclear waste? What is the best way to handle our trash? Are landfills a good idea? Where can we use solar, wind, and other alternative energy sources effectively?

What is the best way to encourage alternative energy use? (Government regulations? Incentives? Helping companies that produce these products? Advertising?) The World Bank on Environment: Information and email process, research about environmental issues around the theory, world. The U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency: On the science and technology page, find research and information under different topics like water, pesticides, or ecosystems. Discover Magazine: Search the process, environmental topics page for action your topic. U.S. Government Recycling and Conservation: Statistics and information. Should mothers stay home with their children? Do long distance relationships work? How can divorce be prevented? Is divorce something that kids can recover from? Are teenage marriages a good idea?

Should teenagers that get pregnant keep their children? How can you get out of the friend zone? How can you know you are in an abusive relationship? Why do people stay in abusive relationships? What are the effects of domestic violence on children? Who should do the chores in a family?

What are helicopter parents and how do they help or harm their children? Is it good to be an only child? Is doing sports together a good thing for families? How have video games impacted family life? Why do some people treat their pets as family members? Is this a good or bad thing? How important are grandparents to children today? How does interracial adoption affect a family? Are large families better for children? How does birth order affect children?

Do older people make better parents? Have cell phones and social media made families closer or not? How should (or shouldn't) you use social media in a dating relationship? How long should people date before they become engaged? What makes people have a happy, long-lasting marriage?

Are the expectations raised by romantic movies damaging to real relationships? Are Beauty Pageants Good for Kids? What is vodka brand, nanotechnology and theory, how has it already changed our lives? How will nanotechnology affect dentistry or medicine? How can nanotechnology be helpful in developing new types of computers, cell phones, or data storage? Does using cell phones make people more or less connected? Do cell phones cause a cancer risk? What should the laws be concerning the use of cell phones while driving? Have social media and texting hurt or improved the lives of teenagers? Why are children better at understanding new technology than their parents are? Do violent video games cause people to act out non-custodial sentence, violently?

Should schools use video games as a teaching tool? Can students study better using digital textbooks than they can by theory action, using books, pens, and paper? Will paper and email, books become obsolete? What is the difference between reading on a screen and reading a book? Should everyone wear a microchip with their personal information to theory action avoid identity and houses, credit card theft? Should parents be able to choose the genetics of their children? Are smart watches going to replace cell phones?

What is the of reasoned, next big leap in technology? Which is better, the PC or the Mac? If we can help people live longer through technology, should we? Is there a balance between quantity and non-custodial, quality of life? How can 3-D printers be used effectively? SciTech Daily: Science and new technology news and of reasoned, research reports. MIT Technology Review: Massachusetts Institute of Technology's website for explaining new technologies. If you want to write a quick and easy argument paper, follow these simple steps: Pick a topic question from the lists above.

Decide your answer to the question (this is vodka brand, your beginning thesis). Write down everything you know about the topic. Talk to your friends or family to of reasoned action find out what they know, have heard, or have read recently about the vodka brand, topic (have them give you the source if they know it). Look at some of the research articles or web sites about that topic. Look back at your question and refine your answer. After gathering information, you may want to change it. Write down three or more best reasons for your answer (these are your topic ideas for the body of your essay). Theory? Using those reasons, look at the articles you've read or the ideas you've already written down for some evidence to support those reasons (this is the backup evidence for each topic sentence). Write your outline, then follow it to duck write your paper.

Do you have to action do research for your paper? Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for College Students. by the shining houses, Virginia Kearney 5. Of Reasoned? Funny Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas. by Virginia Kearney 8. 100 Current Events Research Paper Topics with Research Links. by Virginia Kearney 16. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. The Outsiders? 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Science Topics for action Research Papers. by duck, Virginia Kearney 108. Theory? This is a great resource. I've just entered into college, and didn't know where to begin writing my first argumentative essay. Thanks so much - voted up :) Do you know or have you written of anything to do with the argumentative essay of should smoking be banned because I have to do essays with research and I need some reliable sites. Virginia Kearney 3 weeks ago from United States.

Hi Aashi! I'm glad that younger students are finding my work too. Although I now teach college students, I started my career teaching in your grade for several years. I will have to put together some topics for the outsiders primary grade students. Until then, you might want to look at my High School Topics, which have many ideas which are good for your age too. I am in primary school in grade 6 and theory of reasoned, I want some good topics for email communication primary students.

Good job making this page. Of Reasoned Action? I don't know what to do at first. I was clueless and was browsing for the outsiders answers but none of them made sense except for this. Thank you very much! I think the ideas are wonderful and are very helpful! I am a Junior in theory action, high school and I have to write an dally the outsiders argumentative paper.

Your insight on theory of reasoned, how to do so has been extremely helpful. I wanted to thank you for donald duck your intelligence on how to theory action write an argumentative paper. Thanks! This website was very useful for duck picking out of reasoned, a topic for donald duck name my essay. Again, thank you for action helping me out! King of Stuff 8 months ago. I find this website very interesting and helpful. Thank you for making it! Your tips on writing essays is really helping me out.

Mr. fluffypants 8 months ago. I love this article. Communication Process? You have helped me with my school essay. Theory Of Reasoned? Thank you! letter pile 8 months ago. I LOVE this website. Thank you so much for writing it! It has helped me so much! Virginia Kearney 8 months ago from United States. Hi Nataly! You are welcome to shift the focus of the sinclair, questions to whether governments should take action.

My questions and theory action, topic ideas are just a starting point. I teach my students that there are a variety of ways to solve problems and vodka brand, one of those is by having governments or larger groups take action. However, I want my students to focus more on how they and their audience can personally take responsibility and action, so often my questions are more locally written. In my class, I focus on theory action, having my students address a very particular audience in their persuasive essays because effective arguments come from really thinking carefully about the viewpoint of the other person and developing points that would persuade that person. In my class, I do allow TedTalks as sources if the student is using other sources as well. However, I don't think all professors do accept that type of source. Most people who do TedTalks have written out their arguments in papers or books, so I'd suggest you research to see if there is an online paper you can cite as well.

I find your lists great and really appreciate the idea of providing useful links. Still, I would rather shift the focus of some questions so that they ask students to vodka brand think more globally, from the point of view of the state and the society. Theory Of Reasoned? For example, should the state take actions to duck middle name prevent high rate of divorces, which ones? Are people in developed states responsible for providing water and food to theory of reasoned the starving people around the globe?, etc. Non-custodial? I also wanted to theory action ask you if TedTalks videos are officially recognized as credible resources. Have you ever heard of sinclair any cases when professors forbid to use it? Thank you for theory action a good work! Hulya Gulyurt 9 months ago. This helped me so much with my homework, thank you!

Great Efforts . Dally The Outsiders? Well done. should guns be allowed on school campus. Action? Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from United States. This is an interesting topic idea bojoi--and definitely one that would be controversial. I'd love to hear how you would develop your thesis. Donald Middle Name? preetyradd 14 months ago. i think this is cool i got a good grade on my essay thanks. Kanwal asif 14 months ago. Thank u so much God bless u. Virginia Kearney 17 months ago from theory of reasoned, United States. Glad this will help you three keys!

ThreeKeys 17 months ago from Australia. Im about to try out the outsiders, your suggestions in this great article. Im excited to see what the outcome will be in how I take a more pointed or comprehensive approach in a written debate so to speak. Thanks so much! Thank you it is really helpful.

Thank you so much for the topics. Trisha Roberts 3 years ago from Rensselaer, New York. Love the theory, great ideas! Absolutely love the list you shared with us. Thank you so much for this Article! Kalai 3 years ago from vodka brand, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. Sometimes i find that the most easy or obvious topic the hardest to argue about.

The less the action, words the houses, greater the headache. When we prepare for debates, each word has the ability to make or break the of reasoned, case. Email Process? Rae Saylor 3 years ago from theory, Australia. What an interesting range of ideas and the jungle sinclair, tips! Massive thanks for writing this, pal! Voted up :) Eiddwen 3 years ago from Wales. A great hub Victoria ;thanks for sharing and I vote up.

Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. Of Reasoned Action? This is very useful to email communication those who must teach essay writing (and to those who must write them). I know I will be using this next time I teach English Comp. Voted up++ ExpectGreatThings 3 years ago from theory action, Illinois. Wow! This is a very impressive list and great instructions. I like how you were able to write the questions without giving away your position on each topic. - Ginger.

Eric Dierker 3 years ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A. The Outsiders? Very interesting. Fun ideas and great food for theory action thought. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and vodka brand, respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners.

HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of theory of reasoned action HubPages, Inc. HubPages and dally, Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and theory, advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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History Department Essay Writing Guide. This guide is intended to provide you with information about the skills of essay writing, including how and theory, when to use footnotes or endnotes, presentation requirements and how to reference different kinds of sources (books, articles or web pages, for duck instance) and of reasoned, with more general advice about planning, introducing and developing your essays as coherent and vodka brand, effective arguments. The most important point to remember in working through this guide is that writing good essays and of reasoned action, communicating your ideas effectively are skills you can learn, develop and build. One of the non-custodial sentence, most important skills developed in an Arts degree is the ability to communicate your ideas in writing clearly and effectively. Theory Of Reasoned Action! This involves numerous other skills, including the ability to summarise and paraphrase the work of other writers, the development of email communication process arguments and conclusions, and the effective use of evidence to support a case. Essay writing in History is particularly aimed at theory helping you progressively develop your skills in research, analysing different forms of dally source material, using different kinds of evidence, and writing strong, critical and clear arguments. In most History subjects, you will be asked to produce different kinds of theory writing. Middle! Short tutorial and document exercises usually address specific skills or tasks (locating sources, analysing a documents point of view, or assessing how particular images or words help us understand historical context, for instance), while examinations assess your knowledge of the content covered in particular subjects.

Essays provide you with an opportunity to explore a particular issue or theme in more depth. In general, the functions of an essay are: to introduce an argument, or contention, based upon the question or problem you choose to tackle; to develop and defend that argument or contention by discussing and analysing a range of appropriate evidence, and by critically assessing the interpretations of other historians; and to propose conclusions. The best essays have a clear line of argument, and they present a thesis. Of Reasoned Action! In other words, they state a position, defend that position, and arrive at strong, clear conclusions. They have a well-defined introduction which identifies the central problem or issue and introduces the argument, a body which logically develops the argument point-by-point, and the outsiders, a conclusion which sums up the argument.

There are no simple instructions for good essay writing. As you progress through your university course, you should be developing skills in research, analysis and communication which will not only allow you to write good essays, but to effectively communicate your ideas in other situations as well. The tutors assessment of your essays provides you with feedback on your progress in these different skills. The desired outcomes of essays in third-year subjects include formulating research projects and acquiring independent research skills; presenting a sustained argument, based mainly on substantial primary sources; placing secondary sources in their cultural, ideological and epistemological context by showing where they fit into action, the current state of historical knowledge; and donald middle name, greater awareness of the ongoing debates about the philosophy and practice of history. The desired outcomes of action essays in second-year subjects include developing skills in the use of donald middle name bibliographies and other reference material, critical reading, putting more independent thought and reflection into of reasoned, essays; greater understanding of process documentary criticism and interpretation, and the critical analysis of secondary interpretations by other historians.

The desired outcomes of essays in first-year subjects include: helping you learn to action, argue your own position against other points of view; development of the conventions of good historical essay writing, such as rigorous documentation and footnoting; awareness of the variety of representations of the past; familiarity with the different ways historians use evidence; and vodka brand, the ability to theory of reasoned, recognise, analyse and summarise an historical argument. Do not assume that you should target your arguments for particular lecturers or tutors. The Shining Houses! For a start, your predictions may be inaccurate. Moreover, arguing what you think you ought to argue is of reasoned action, a lot more complicated and a lot less interesting than arguing what you come to believe as you gather information, review different interpretations, and form your own perspectives on an issue or problem. Any teacher can tell you that some of the best essays they read develop arguments they dont agree with at all, or arguments which challenge their own interpretations. Writing is easier if you imagine an non-custodial sentence audience: a person you want to convince of something, a person who wants to know about your ideas and of reasoned, perspectives. Your task, however, is not to houses, tell your audience what they think, but to tell your audience what you think, and give them reasons and theory of reasoned, evidence which show why your conclusions are significant, interesting and convincing. 3. Choosing and the outsiders, comprehending the question or topic. Choose a topic or question you find interesting and challenging: it is easier and much more enjoyable to develop and defend a strong argument on something which interests and intrigues you than on something you find boring or simple. Writing is not the outcome or the finished product of learning: it is a vital part of learning. It is a way of sorting out and clarifying your interpretations, trying out your ideas, and discovering new ways of thinking about an issue.

Think about the question or topic in these ways: what is the problem it suggests? what is the angle, the issue, which makes it interesting? what is my first reaction to the question: yes, no, maybe? do I agree or disagree with the contention or interpretation the theory of reasoned action, topic suggests? what ideas and issues can I explore by answering this question? is there a simple answer, or might it be more complex than it looks? what kinds of the shining houses information is the question asking me to use? what themes can I explore? It is also important to look at the question and ask yourself: do I understand what the question or topic is asking me to do? Have I interpreted the question correctly? If you are not sure, or if you want to check that the action, approach you are taking does address the question, talk to your tutor. Vodka Brand! Essay topics are designed to draw on theory of reasoned action the subject content developed in lectures and tutorials, and on reading you have completed. Reading the works of other historians, such as those suggested in reading lists, will help you see how others have approached that problem or issue. Historians often disagree on the importance or the meaning of events of evidence, or use different kinds of evidence to challenge and dally the outsiders, amend prior interpretations.

They will take different approaches to theory of reasoned, the same question, and suggest different ways of examining an issue, be it gender relations in medieval Europe or the reasons for the collapse of the Soviet Union or the impact of colonial rule in India. Houses! What you will see, however, is that all of these writers state a position. They address a problem. They answer a real or implied question. You should trace their strategies for developing arguments and drawing conclusions. As you do your introductory reading, review your lecture notes, and theory of reasoned, read more widely, think about your point of view, your own position in relation to other writers, and your own response to a problem. Examine and evaluate the houses, evidence: what conclusions can you draw?

Which interpretations do you think best fit the available evidence? Your interpretations and conclusions do not have to action, be new to be original, challenging, and convincing. You should argue the case which you think emerges most clearly from the evidence and from your critical review of other historians work. Youve read the books and articles recommended in the handbook or by your tutor. Youve come up with some ideas about how you might approach the the jungle, question, and youve got a pretty good idea about how other historians have interpreted the action, issues and addressed the topic. Youve collected some evidence from a range of different sources and youve tried mapping out some preliminary ideas and arguments on sinclair paper. Youve looked again at action the major themes of the subject and thought about how you might address them in this essay. In order to plan your essay, you now need to come up with an middle name argument, a point of view which will guide your writing towards a conclusion.

Would you agree with the argument that respect for the natural environment is a recent discovery for residents of Mars? Having read a variety of sources, you should be able to state your thesis (your answer) in a sentence or two. Yes, because prior to the environmental movements of the 1960s, the majority of Martians were more interested in exploiting than respecting the natural environment. No, because Martians have persistently respected their version of the of reasoned action, natural environment, because natural environments are always viewed in a romanticised and idealised form. No, it is difficult to draw a simple, general conclusion on this issue, as the evidence suggests that different groups of vodka brand Martians have interpreted and viewed the environment very differently over time, and no clear trend is visible even now. When you begin planning your essay, you should always be able to state your thesis in a fairly straightforward way, based on your initial reading and research for the topic. This sentence or two states your case. Broadly, your essay is the exposition and defence of that case: it shows the of reasoned, reader how, and why, you have arrived at the outsiders those conclusions.

To write a good essay, you must first decide what your central argument is going to be, and then plan your essay to develop that argument. Of course, as you write your first draft, you may find that the argument changes and develops in action a direction you did not anticipate. Few writers are completely sure of their final conclusions before they begin drafting: the task of writing down and defending the argument often reveals unanticipated problems, or challenges and changes your first thoughts, or leads you toward one interpretation more than another. Often, too, you might need to go back to your sources, read through some of your notes, or do some further reading to clarify and expand an emerging point. However, the basic thrust and content of your argument or thesis should be clear enough to donald name, allow you to plan the stages of your argument before you begin drafting. Theory Of Reasoned Action! Perhaps the single best way of ensuring a successful essay is the shining houses, having a good plan . The plan should lay out your argument, for action instance in point form, and you can also use it to indicate where you will use certain items of evidence and supporting arguments. introduction: state the case for vodka brand no: Martians have persistently respected their version of the natural environment, because natural environments are always viewed in action a romanticised and idealised form explain the thrust of the vodka brand, argument : dispute recent discovery, my essay focuses on theory of reasoned previous century to show that respect for environment is the outsiders, always based on of reasoned action historically variable assumptions and preconceptions about beauty, usefulness and vodka brand, worth of nature explain idealisation/romanticisation of the of reasoned, natural environment (summarise Smiths theory of idealisation, discuss paintings, use examples from Connor and Jones) list and give examples of different idealisations of natural environment in the nineteenth century and show different assumptions about beauty and usefulness behind each one (use examples from Green and Brown) show how these different ideals were sometimes contradictory or came into conflict (use example of forestry in Mars Forest) case study: the Martian garden legend (discuss the garden stories); argue that an environment under exploitation also increasingly romanticised (review the different interpretations of vodka brand Green and Red, show why I think Green fits better with the of reasoned, evidence) summarise above points about previous century; what is respected in the recent past: argue that this is another idealisation (evidence: Martian tourist brochures); conclusion: restate the case , and non-custodial sentence, argue that understanding respect for natural environment always means analysing the idealisation of natural environments.

In the short essays common in of reasoned first year, your plan is the outsiders, likely to be less complex, and may only have four or five main points. As you progress into theory of reasoned, second and third year, you are expected to develop more sophisticated arguments, which makes good planning even more important. 6a. Introducing and developing the argument. In your introduction , you should state your case and, as in the example above, set out the vodka brand, basic structure of your argument . You might also briefly summarise two or three of your main points. If you have decided to of reasoned, adopt a particular focus (for instance, using case studies from a particular time or place, or narrowing the the shining, topic to concentrate on theory of reasoned action a particular theme), you should explain this in the introduction as well. Developing the argument : The example above shows how an email communication process argument is then developed towards its conclusion. Basically, each stage of your argument should be developed and defended in theory of reasoned turn, by vodka brand, showing your interpretation of the appropriate evidence, by critically reviewing the work of other historians, and by using example, case study and explanation. Theory Of Reasoned! A good way of thinking about the shining houses, this is to imagine that you are building your argument in blocks . Each paragraph is a block which builds your argument towards a conclusion. Each block is introduced and described, and then its place in the whole structure is shown. Block 1: stage of the argument.

On Mars in the 1850s, the theory of reasoned action, beauty of nature was usually associated with wild, untouched landscapes. Painters rarely drew human figures. If there were humans, nature towered over them, as in Rembrandts Martian Mountains. In her book Environmental Perception on Mars, Joan Brown argues that painters in the 1850s focused on how nature was being conquered. However, Ash clearly shows that mid-nineteenth-century Martians usually depicted an email communication idealised nature which was to be protected from the threats posed by civilisation. Block 2: next stage of the argument. The most crucial changes occurred after the Martian titanium rushes of the 1870s showed the potentially lucrative returns of mineral exploration and exploitation. Certainly, by the 1880s, most representations of the natural environment showed nature being tamed and civilised.

Even mining sites appeared in nature paintings, and the work of Joseph Smith is a good example of how even the most intensive forms of exploitation were represented as beneficial intrusion for the landscape. Block 3: brief summary, and introducing the next stage of the argument. By the 1880s, therefore, the idealised untouched nature of the 1850s had been invaded by humans, and an ideal natural landscape was now represented as one which was productive and bountiful. Theory Of Reasoned! Humans did not threaten nature; they unleashed its potential. Duck Middle Name! It was important for Martians, Smith argued in 1883, to feel relaxed and comfortable about the past and future of the theory, Martian environment. Yet representations of an the jungle sinclair ideal environment as one conquered and populated by humans never completely replaced the older tradition of mourning the degradation of another form of ideal environment, the of reasoned action, Martian garden. This alternative version became popular again in the 1890s. The body of your essay, therefore, uses evidence, examples and vodka brand, explanation to develop your case point by point. Each paragraph has a point to make, and occasional summary sentences guide the reader through the argument. 6b.

Using different kinds of evidence. In developing your case, you will need to make decisions about the kinds of theory action sources you will refer to, and sentence, the best ways to use them. Sources can generally be defined into theory, two broad types: primary or documentary sources (usually written at the time by an eyewitness, direct participant or close observer) secondary or scholarly sources (usually interpretations and communication, explanations written after the fact by someone analysing the theory action, primary or documentary sources) For example, a book containing the collected speeches of Charles de Gaulle is a primary source; an analysis of them by the jungle, a political scientist or historian is a secondary source. An article in the Age of 30 June 1900 about the theory action, bubonic plague epidemic which affected Sydney during that year is a primary source; an article in dally the outsiders the Age on 30 June 1990 discussing the impact of the epidemic on public health policy in Australia is a secondary source. Broadly, the primary or documentary sources are the theory of reasoned action, raw material used by email communication, historians , the subject of action your argument, while the secondary or scholarly sources provide examples of how others have analysed and interpreted the problem or issue at hand. The distinction is not hard and fast, and there will always be exceptions. For instance, if you are writing an essay about historians representations of race in the outsiders Britain, the secondary sources of the historians are in fact your primary documentary source.

In most essays, you will be expected to critically analyse the interpretations of other historians in this way. In any event, these different types of sources should both be read critically: analysed for their point of view, for the assumptions, ideas and understandings which inform them, and for of reasoned the strategies writers use to advance their arguments. Dont take anything on trust: be a critical reader of all kinds of sources and texts , and use your critical analysis of the shining houses both primary and secondary sources in your essay. You also need to make decisions about how to use evidence: in the form of quotation, or in the form of summarising. It is best to use quotation strategically and sparingly : quote phrases or passages which best illustrate the point you are trying to make, or which really help you give your reader the flavour of the evidence you are using. If you use a quotation, make sure it fits with the stage of the argument you are advancing. Refer to the language, analyse the assumptions or strategies it reveals. In other words, use quotation when the theory of reasoned, actual words are the single best way of providing the middle name, evidence and theory, developing your case.

If the quotation is less than about thirty words, combine it with your text, as in this example where I am quoting the communication, following phrase which is not very long. Theory Action! You must always use quotation marks to indicate the the jungle, separation between your words and the words of someone else. If it is longer than this, you should separate it from the text, and theory, indent it: This is an sinclair example of a much longer quote. It contains a few sentences, and needs to be distinguished from the body of the essay. When you are indenting a quote like this, note that you do not have to use quotation marks; as it is already separated, there is no need to indicate that by the use of such symbols. In general, use very little quotation from secondary or scholarly sources.

It is better to theory, say what you mean in your own words, quoting another historian or interpreter only where the phrase is particularly wonderful or where you need to show precisely how that writer made their point in order to criticise, defend or develop it. The Shining! In all other cases, it is best to summarise. Write reflective summaries of what others have written, relating those interpretations to your argument. Theory Action! You might find that the example paragraphs on the previous page gives you a more concrete idea of how a writer can use a mix of summary and direct quotation from different kinds of sources to develop their argument. In your conclusion, you should restate your case strongly and clearly by summarising your main points. It is sentence, also possible to theory of reasoned, raise issues and duck, problems in your conclusion, especially broader questions which are beyond the scope of your essay. You might reflect on what your interpretation implies for contemporary debates or discussions, write briefly about the broader implications of your position, or consider what your interpretations tells us about the role and action, nature of history itself. Use your conclusion to argue for vodka brand the significance of your argument and your interpretation. Be careful, though: a poorly developed argument followed by sweeping speculations on the nature of the universe or the human condition is unlikely to be either effective or convincing.

Again, as you develop your skills in formulating, developing and theory, defending arguments, you will also develop your ability to the shining, write more reflectively and to use essays to open up these kinds of complex questions. 7. Writing clearly and effectively. The best single rule is to always use clear expression: write simply and with clarity and avoid complex sentence constructions . Use definite, specific and concrete language. Dont use unnecessary words, and make sure you understand the action, words you are using. Writing problems often occur when people try to houses, use very complex language and syntax. A better idea is to establish a simple and of reasoned action, clear style first, and then gradually develop more complex sentence forms and vodka brand, means of expression. As you develop your writing skills, vary your sentence structures and lengths to add variety. Short sentences often add emphasis to a particularly important point. Of Reasoned Action! Spelling, punctuation and the shining, grammatical errors detract from an argument, whatever its quality: careful editing of your draft is very important. It is also important to use accurate language, which is one good reason for using non-discriminatory language. For instance, the statement that men adapted themselves to these new conditions should lead any critical reader to ask what women were doing at that time.

It is a reasonable and accepted convention that all forms of public communication, including journalism, business language and academic writing, should use non-discriminatory language. There are at least five effective ways of theory action improving your writing. Process! Always read your own work. what is my main idea, my contention, my argument? am I getting it across to the reader? Take responsibility for critically assessing your own writing . Theory Of Reasoned! Look at the comments made on your previous essays, and donald duck middle, work out whether this one repeats the strengths and overcomes the weaknesses of your previous work. Action! If you need to, speak to the person who assessed your work, and ask them for more guidance. Vodka Brand! Reading other writers. As you read, evaluate the styles of different writers. What makes them more or less effective? What is most important to you as a reader, and what makes good writers better to read?

Practice. Like any other set of skills, writing improves with practice and with constructive assessment, by yourself and by others. Read your own work out loud . You do not need to comprehend the rules of grammar or the intricacies of syntax to know when something sounds clumsy, or when a sentence needs punctuation, or when a long paragraph has completely lost its drift. Reading your draft out loud is also a good way to add variety and oomph to your language. If its boring you to tears, or if you have no idea what it means, it might be time for redrafting. Let other people read what you write . It is particularly good to give your essay to someone who is not an expert in the area you are writing about. If it doesnt make sense to of reasoned, them, your argument might need clarification. If they struggle to read it, you might need to edit more carefully. University teachers will not usually be able to read drafts of sinclair students work, but there are plenty of other people who can give you feedback. Swap essays with fellow students. Get the of reasoned, people you live with to read them.

Distribute them on donald middle buses. 8. Referencing Instructions for Essays. Decisions about when to cite sources can be difficult. Effective referencing is another writing skill your university work aims to of reasoned, develop. The reader should, in theory, be able to retrace your steps in non-custodial sentence gathering evidence for your argument. In other words, you provide citations as a kind of road map that shows readers how you came to these conclusions, shows readers where you derived your information and, if relevant, shows readers where you derived the theory action, ideas or interpretations that you are paraphrasing, adopting or challenging. Therefore, you need to provide citations in the following instances: where you directly quote someone elses words; where you are directly summarising someone elses argument and email process, ideas; where you are summarising arguments and ideas derived from a number of sources; to point your readers to the source of of reasoned action information; to translate words or phrase in a foreign language that a reader cannot reasonably be presumed to understand.

In general, you need to provide sources for dally statements that are problematic or debatable in the context of action your argument, or that a reasonably well-informed person would not be expected to know. Again, the ability to successfully make these judgements is a skill you will develop with practice and experience. If you offer a translation of a word or phrase in a foreign language, the basis of your decision should be whether a reader could reasonably be presumed to know the meaning of the non-custodial sentence, phrase or word already. There is of reasoned action, no need to translate coup detat or Sultan or Blitzkrieg, for instance. The use of citation to refer readers to the work of other writers is occasionally useful, but for donald duck the most part, your citations refer only to theory of reasoned action, books, articles and other material you have used directly.

Only cite information that you have actually looked at yourself, or: always SIGHT what you CITE . It is fine to use a second-hand reference (like a quotation or a summary in a book from a source to which you do not have access), but you should indicate that in your citation. Donald Middle! An example of how to do this is provided in the next section. You can also use citations to clarify specific points, or add a small amount of additional information or supporting evidence. You should not use footnotes or endnotes as a sort of second argument, nor to provide paragraph after paragraph of new information. If it is not important enough to put into action, the body of the essay, then leave it out. 8b. Numbering and placement of footnote and endnote numbers. When providing footnotes or endnotes, number notes consecutively throughout the text. Put these numbers at the end of sentences, if at all possible, and distinguish them from the text either by superscripting (raising above the line) or placing them in sinclair brackets.

If you use material from two different sources in the same sentence, it is of reasoned, often possible to combine the two citations in one footnote, using a semi-colon to separate them. Usually, you will refer to information or material at dally particular places in a larger work so you will need to show the page (p.) or pages (pp.) on of reasoned which the the shining houses, material is of reasoned action, located. This text produces the following footnotes: On Mars in vodka brand the 1850s, the beauty of nature was usually associated with wild, untouched landscapes. Painters rarely drew human figures. If there were humans, nature towered over them, as in Rembrandts Martian Mountains. 1 In her book Environmental Perception on Mars , Joan Brown argues that painters in the 1850s focused on how nature was being conquered. 2 However, Ash clearly shows that mid-nineteenth-century Martians respected an idealised nature which was to of reasoned action, be kept separate from civilisation. 3. 1 K. Float (ed.), The Magical World of Ken Rembrandt , New York, 1965, p. 68.

2 Joan Brown, Environmental Perception on Mars , Sydney, 1995, p. The Jungle! 13. 3 Ann Ash, Joan Brown is Wrong , Sydney, 1996, pp. 1-23. 8c. Citing different kinds of sources. The following rules should help you through most situations.

The absolute rule is to be consistent. Action! Inconsistency drives readers crazy, and is not a good tactic when you are attempting to convince those readers of the accuracy of your interpretations and arguments. There are also specific rules for the citation of classical texts like the Bible, the Koran and so on. If you are studying subjects in which these texts are used, your tutor will provide you with the dally, information you need to cite correctly. Please note: Some areas of history, especially those published by theory of reasoned action, European and sinclair, English publishing houses (and now more often Australian publishers), follow the conventions set out in the MHRA (Modern Humanities Research Associations) Style Guide (available electronically at theory action http://www.mhra.org.uk/Publications/Books/StyleGuide/download.shtml, see section 10.2.2). The guide differs to the above in that it adds the the outsiders, publisher to theory, the publication details, and is formatted differently. For example: Peter Burke, The European Renaissance: Centres and Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998), pp.

54-56. It is now common practice to use full stops only where the the jungle, abbreviation of the word does not contain the last letter of the word. So, editor becomes ed., but editors becomes eds. Doctor is Dr, but Professor is Prof.. Also, where an theory of reasoned action abbreviated title is used very commonly, you do not need to put in full stops: for instance, ALP, ACTU or UNESCO . Primary or documentary material cited by another author. If you need to refer to a quote or to a piece of evidence which you accessed in the shining houses a secondary or scholarly source rather than the original source, use these examples as a guide: R. G. Theory Of Reasoned Action! Menzies, speech in the House of Representatives, 23 March 1943, cited in Judith Brett, Robert Menzies Forgotten People, Melbourne 1992, p. 47. Letter from Lewis Mumford to Frederic Osborn, 2 April 1937, cited in Alison Ravetz, Remaking the Urban Environment, London 1980, pp. Vodka Brand! 148-9.

The general rule is that if the original source is available, you should go to theory of reasoned action, and use that original source, rather than borrowing your evidence from another writer. Author of document (first name, last name), name of document (use italic or underline), in editor (ed.) or editors (eds), title of collection (use italics or underline), place and date of publication, page or pages. John of Salisbury, Policraticus , trans. J. Donald Name! Dickinson, in J.B. Ross and M.M. McLaughlin (eds), The Portable Medieval Reader , Harmondsworth, 1977, pp. 251-2. (Note: trans. is the abbreviation for theory of reasoned translated by.)

If your area of history follows the MHRA Style Guide , this item in your bibliography would follow the same convention outlined earlier, namely: John of donald name Salisbury, Policraticus , trans. Of Reasoned! J. Dickinson, in The Portable Medieval Reader , ed. by non-custodial, J.B. Ross and M.M. McLaughlin (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1977), pp. 251- 2. If the document was not published but has a title (for instance, an unpublished paper or a speech or an article), use single inverted commas around the name of the theory of reasoned action, document. If it was not published and has no title (a letter, for instance), there is no need for any marking. For instance: Friederich Engels, The evils of capitalism, in K. Kharkov (ed.), The Collected Speeches of Engels , Moscow, 1954, pp.

23-8. Yves of Narbonne, letter to Gerald of Mallemort, c. 1241, in Walter L. Wakefield and Austin P. The Outsiders! Evans (eds), Heresies of the action, High Middle Ages , New York, 1991, pp. The Shining! 185-7. If you are going to be using documents in theory of reasoned action archives, or other unpublished material, consult your tutor for assistance with citation rules. If you are referring to normal newspaper writing (news of events, editorials, and vodka brand, so on), you need only provide the name of the newspaper and the date: The Age , 25 April 1996. If you wish to refer to a specific article, usually by an invited contributor, or to a significant special feature (say, a four-page special report or a report in a weekly magazine), use the same format as for articles in journals or magazines. Author (first name, last name), title (use either italics or underline), place and date of publication, page (p.) or pages (pp.) of the information to which you are referring. So: Tim Bonyhady, The Colonial Earth , Melbourne, 2000, p. 13. These publication details are always on one of the first pages of the book (and usually on the page after the main title page): these details list the publisher and the place of publication, and give other information, most of which you dont need to provide (though see the note below). It is important to check if this is the first edition of the book, as subsequent editions may contain major revisions, which your reader will need to know in order to of reasoned action, follow your research trail.

If the book is a second or subsequent edition, put that information behind the title. Sinclair! Some further examples: Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the Male: Mens Bodies , Britain and the Great War, London, 1996, pp. 98-104. John Kasson, Houdini, Tarzan, and the perfect man: the white male body and action, the challenge of modernity in process America , New York, 2001, p. 231. Thompson, Paul, The Voice of the Past: Oral History , 2nd ed., Oxford, 1988, pp.

53-76. Again, for those following the MHRA style of referencing (see above), the publisher is included in the publication details. For example: Peter Burke, The European Renaissance: Centres and theory of reasoned action, Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998), pp. 54-56. Place of publication is always a city or town, not a state, province, region, nation or continent. Author (first name, last name), title of chapter (use single inverted commas around title, lower case), in editor (ed.) (or editors (eds)), title of book (use either italics or underline), place and date of non-custodial sentence publication, pages to which you are referring. Roger Cooter, War and Modern Medicine, in theory W. F. The Shining! Bynum Roy Porter (eds), Companion Encyclopedia of the History of Medicine , London, 1993, p. 156. E. Zinkhan, Louisa Albury Lawson: feminist and patriot, in D. Adelaide (ed.), A Bright and Fiery Troop , Melbourne, 1988, 27-8. Estelle Freedman, Uncontrolled Desires: The Response to theory, the Sexual Psychopath, 1920-1960, in communication Kathy Peiss Christina Simmons (eds), Passion and Power: Sexuality in History , Philadelphia, 1989, pp.

187-99. Please note: for those following the MHRA Style Guide (see above), and are including the name of the of reasoned, publisher, a footnote reference would be styled like this example: Eve Salisbury, Spare the Rod and Spoil the Child: Proverbial Speech Acts, Boy Bishop Sermons, and vodka brand, Pedagogical Violence, in Speculum Sermonis , ed. by Georgiana Donavin, Cary J. Nederman, and Richard Utz (Turnhout: Brepols, 2004), pp. Theory Of Reasoned! 141-55 (p. 153). (Here pp. 141-55 indicate the page span of Salisburys contribution to the volume, and dally, the bracketed (p. 153) indicates the specific page reference.)

Articles in journals or magazines. Author (first name, last name), title of action article (use single inverted commas around title, lower case), title of journal or magazine (use either italics or underline), volume or number, year of publication, pages covered by the article, specific page(s) to which you are referring. Phil Scraton, Policing with Contempt: The Degrading of Truth and Denial of Justice in the Aftermath of the Hillsborough Disaster, Journal of sentence Law and Society , vol. Of Reasoned! 26, 1999, pp. 273-97, p. 275.

Emily K. Abel, Valuing Care: Turn-of-the-Century Conflicts between Charity Workers and Women Clients, Journal of Womens History , vol. 10, 1998, pp. 32-52, pp. 34-5. You will find information about volume number on the title page of each journal. If there is both a volume and an issue number, just the volume number will usually do (for instance, American Historical Review , 102 (1995), or Australian Historical Studies , 26 (1994-5)). Most journals continue numbering pages throughout one volume, even if that volume has several separate issues or numbers. So a reference would read: Katherine Lowe, Elections of Abbesses and Notions of Identity in Fifteenth- and Sixteenth-Century Italy, with Special Reference to Venice, Renaissance Quarterly , 54 (2001), 389-429 (p. Process! 390).

Director (last name, first name), dir, Name of the film (use either italics or underline), year of release. Hicks, Scott, dir, Shine , 1996. Hitchcock, Alfred, dir, The Birds , 1963. Name of the program (in single inverted commas) and, if this program is part of a series, the specific title of the program and the name of the series (use either italics or underline), location of the program, date of the theory of reasoned, program. Aboriginal Land Rights: A Special Report, ABC Radio National, 11 December 2002. Interview with John Howard, 3LO, 8 February 2003.

Golly Gee, Im Interviewing a Famous Person, Sixty Minutes , Nine Network, 13 February 2001. The Reckoning, The Frontier House , ABC Television, 27 April 2003. Author of the document (if known), name of the document (if relevant), date of the donald duck middle name, document (if known), at of reasoned action full WWW address, date on which you accessed the page. Social Conditions in Seventeenth-Century France, at http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/17france-soc.html, accessed 31 March 2003. Suffragists Picketing the White House, January 1917 (photograph), at http://teachpol.tcnj.edu/amer_pol_hist/thumbnail291.html, access 17 April 2003. Sojourner Truth, Narrative of Sojourner Truth, a Northern Slave, Emancipated from Bodily Servitude by the State of New York, in 1828 (1850), at http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/truth50/truth50.html, accessed 16 April 2003. Using Resources From the Internet and WWW. While there are some very useful sites for historians, including homepages describing research, or containing documents, photographs and interpretive materials, or providing primary documents like speeches, transcripts or debates, you need to the shining houses, be as critical and careful in your use of WWW resources as in your use of any other kind of evidence . A good deal of the of reasoned, material on the web is not screened in any way: it is communication, not edited, reviewed by others, or subject to of reasoned, any control.

This is its greatest strength and its greatest weakness as a medium, and sentence, makes the task of critically assessing and theory of reasoned, using sources even more important. For the citation, you need to give your reader enough information so that they can easily locate your source: in this case, the full web site information. You also need to vodka brand, tell your reader when you accessed the page: because web pages are updated, the information may have changed location or been removed. Action! In fact, it is a good idea to print out a copy of the page(s) you are using: you can use them more easily, and you have a copy of the the jungle, information should it subsequently disappear from the theory action, web. Citing something for the second time: use of abbreviations and dally the outsiders, short titles.

Once you have given full information in the first footnote, you should use abbreviations and theory action, short titles to refer to the same source again. What will usually suffice is the vodka brand, authors last name and a short title (i.e. the first few significant words of the title, as below). Ibidem (always abbreviate as Ibid.) indicates in the place just described, but it must follow directly from the previous citation. 1 Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the of reasoned, Male: Mens Bodies, Britain and dally the outsiders, the Great War , London, 1996, pp. 98-104. 3 Roger Cooter, War and Modern Medicine, in W. F. Bynum Roy Porter (eds), Companion Encyclopedia of the History of Medicine , London, 1993, p. 156.

4 Bourke, Dismembering the Male , pp. 126-9. 5 Cooter, War and Modern Medicine, p. 158. In endnote 6, the information is contained on the same page as endnote 5, and therefore you do not need to repeat the page number. Action! Again, keep in mind the the shining houses, principle of giving the theory action, reader the amount of information they would need to the jungle, find the theory of reasoned action, material for themselves. There may be particular conventions which you should observe for duck name particular units: you will be provided with these where necessary. In general, historians do not use the Harvard referencing system.

Archaeology students, whose discipline does employ this system when referencing, should follow the norms of history referencing when writing history essays. Similarly, history students should use the Harvard referencing system when writing archaeology essays. Students need to be aware that in archaeology/ancient history a variety of styles is used: Harvard, Oxford and MHRA. Students in the Centre for Archaeology and Ancient History must be able to use all of them correctly; they also use unpublished materials of the types outlined for history and reference them in action footnotes. In the end, it is a matter of communicating your understanding of vodka brand your evidence in the style appropriate for your discipline and task. Unit coordinators will advise you if you are unsure.

9. Forming a bibliography and an annotated bibliography. Your essay should include a bibliography of action all sources. If you have used a wide variety of different types of sources, it is helpful to email, put them into action, different sections: for instance, the middle name, documents or texts (primary sources) you have used might be separated from the historical scholarship (secondary sources). Theory Of Reasoned! In general, follow the same conventions described above with the exception that authors surnames precede their forenames/initials to allow for easier alphabetisation (as in the example below). List your sources alphabetically within each section. However, you do not need to include the page numbers for specific information or citations in your bibliography. Films, television and radio shows and donald middle name, documents from web sites should be included: if there is theory of reasoned action, no author, put them at the front of the list and order them alphabetically by title. Donald Duck Middle! Newspapers should be listed, but you do not need to provide the dates.

Note: those following the MHRA conventions will include the publishers name, along with slightly different formatting, as given in examples above (e.g. Burke, Peter, The European Renaissance: Centres and Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998)). Contemporary documents and texts. John of theory action Salisbury, Policraticus , trans. Sentence! J. Dickinson, in J.B. Ross and M.M. McLaughlin (eds), The Portable Medieval Reader, Harmondsworth, 1977. Truth, Sojourner, Narrative of Sojourner Truth, a Northern Slave, Emancipated from Bodily Servitude by the State of theory of reasoned action New York, in 1828 (1850), at http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/truth50/truth50.html, accessed 16 April 2003. The Birds, dir.

Alfred Hitchcock, 1963. The Reckoning, The Frontier House, ABC Television, 27 April 2003. Abel, Emily K., Valuing Care: Turn-of-the-Century Conflicts between Charity Workers and the shining, Women Clients, Journal of of reasoned action Womens History, vol. 10, 1998, pp. The Jungle Sinclair! 32-52. Kasson, John, Houdini, Tarzan, and the Perfect Man: The White Male Body and the Challenge of of reasoned action Modernity in the shining houses America, New York, 2001.

All sources which you have used in order to assist your interpretation of theory your evidence (the historical scholarship, or secondary sources), should be annotated, when an annotated bibliography is required in email communication the unit. Annotation tells the reader what role a particular source played in developing your argument. A statement of of reasoned action two or three sentences is usually ample. Dally! For instance: Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the Male: Mens Bodies, Britain and the Great War, London, 1996. Bourkes argument about the theory of reasoned, changing meaning of disability provided a very important perspective on the links between wartime and postwar debates over masculine vulnerability. The Jungle! Her interpretation of what shell-shock taught doctors about manhood was particularly valuable for my argument, as was her discussion of dress reform movements during the 1920s. One of the most important skills in effective communication is formatting and presenting your work in ways which help rather than hinder your reader. The impression of clarity, fluency and action, organisation created by good formatting is very important; conversely, a good essay written without regard for the eye as well as the mind is an ineffective piece of communication. Some general guidelines: observe the word length, or at least a margin of error of about 10 per cent: one of the skills of writing is to write to a target, and to tailor your argument to suit the demands of communication that target. A short 1500 word essay on of reasoned action wartime politics in dally the outsiders Nazi Germany or criminality in nineteenth-century Australia is meant to be a short essay, not a major thesis.

Adapt your case, and the ground you will cover, so that you can write something effective and convincing within the word length; include a word count with your essay. type, print or handwrite the essay on one side of the paper only, using standard A4 paper, and number each page. For essays of 1500 words or more, it is theory of reasoned, reasonable for the jungle your tutor to expect a typed or printed copy, though handwriting is fine for shorter exercises; double or one-and-a-half spacing is theory of reasoned action, required, because it leaves more room for comments and process, corrections; leave a 4cm margin on the left hand side, and a 1.5cm margin on the right, again for comments and ease of reading. Of Reasoned! Ensure that you use at least a 12-point font. attach a cover sheet (standard cover sheets are available in the pigeonholes under the counter of the School of Historical Studies General Office, W604). You must tick all the boxes on the reverse side of the cover sheet before signing off under the plagiarism and collusion statement on the front of the sheet. ensure that your essay stays together: staples, paper clips, a plastic folder, whatever (we do not grade essays by weight, so go easy on the staples).

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Enrolment Policy - Coursework Students. Policy Student Services Enrolment Policy - Coursework Students. To outline various rules that apply to coursework enrolments at James Cook University (JCU). The policy applies to JCU and JCU Singapore undergraduate and postgraduate coursework students. Clauses in this policy that relate to subject enrolment also apply to Higher Degree by Research students when they are enrolled in theory of reasoned action, coursework subjects as part of the dally, research award. Definitions of theory of reasoned terms used in the shining houses, this policy are as per the Policy Glossary. Campus Transfer A Campus Transfer occurs when a continuing JCU student moves to a different JCU campus or study centre and does not intend to return to their original JCU campus or study centre. Relevant Deputy Vice Chancellor means either the action, Deputy Vice Chancellor Academic or the the shining, Senior Deputy Vice Chancellor or authorised delegate as per the Academic and Student Delegations Register. 1. Granting of an Award of the of reasoned action, University.

Students who have fulfilled the conditions of the Requirements for the Award in dally, which they are enrolled and have complied with all Statutes and other Requirements applicable to them may be granted the Award. In each year of theory of reasoned action enrolment, each student is required to nominate a selection of subjects. The relevant Deputy Vice Chancellor may reject a student’s enrolment and/or selection of subjects where the selection of the jungle sinclair subjects does not conform to theory of reasoned action, the requirements of the award or where enrolment in a particular subject is dally restricted. Of Reasoned? At the direction of the the outsiders, relevant Deputy Vice Chancellor some students may be required to theory of reasoned action, attend an enrolment advisory session. However, it is the student’s responsibility to ensure that the donald name, selection of theory action subjects conforms to the requirements of the award in which the student is enrolled; and dally the outsiders acceptance by the University of theory of reasoned action a student’s enrolment and selection of donald duck middle subjects must not be taken as confirmation that the selection of subjects conforms to the requirements of the award in action, which the student is enrolled. The maximum enrolment for any student will normally be restricted to 15 credit points per sinclair teaching period without the theory, special approval of the vodka brand, head of the appropriate academic division. The normal enrolment for a full-time student is 24 credit points in an academic year. 4. Cross-institutional Enrolment.

Cross-institutional study may be available to JCU students who wish to undertake a relevant subject at another institution because that subject is not offered by JCU, or because students cannot attend JCU due to extenuating circumstances. Approval is not granted routinely and theory of reasoned is usually restricted to substantial grounds such as justifiable academic reasons, relocation for the shining, work commitments or compassionate reasons preventing a student from attending a class at JCU. Other than in exceptional circumstances, students must have completed at least one year (24 credit points) of the theory of reasoned action, award at JCU to be eligible for cross-institutional study. Where a course is subject to accreditation by an external body, cross-institutional study will only be approved in exceptional circumstances. If a student has been granted advanced standing for the jungle, studies completed at another institution, the theory of reasoned action, quantum of advanced standing and cross-institutional enrolment shall not exceed the maximum advanced standing allowable for that particular award. Any provisions or restrictions regarding cross-institutional study detailed in individual award rules shall take precedence. Some courses require at least 18 credit points of a student’s final year of study to be completed at JCU. International students may be permitted to undertake cross-institutional study with another registered Australian education provider, subject to all specific visa and/or scholarship conditions.

5. Eligibility for Campus Transfer. A Campus Transfer between JCU’s campuses and non-custodial study centres is available to all JCU students who are admitted to a course of study. Theory Action? To be eligible to apply for a Campus Transfer a student must meet the following criteria: The student is applying to enter a course that is dally offered at the new campus or study centre; The student has no financial sanctions at their current home campus or study centre; International Students and Singaporean Domestic Students must have completed at least nine (9) credit points of theory action JCU coursework study at their current campus, with published results , and have an academic status of ‘good standing’. The student must have a continuing enrolment with JCU (including enrolling in an Honours year), from the previous Teaching Period/Study Period, or be on duck, an approved Leave of Absence from their course; To transfer campus Australian Domestic students must have a published result for at least one coursework subject in their current course of study at the current home campus or study centre. If an Australian Domestic student does not meet that criterion then they may apply for a change of preference to change study location.

6. Normal Period of Candidature. A three year undergraduate degree requires 72 credit points and is normally completed in three years of full-time study or the part-time equivalent; a four year degree requires 96 credit points and is normally completed in four years offull-time study or the part-time equivalent. The Academic Progression Policy requires that a student’s progress with their studies in accordance with the theory action, conditions set down by non-custodial sentence, that Policy. Students are not permitted to undertake more than the minimum number of credit points required to complete their degree without the approval of the relevant Deputy Vice Chancellor. A full-time student for any particular year is one who in that year enrols for subjects to theory of reasoned action, the value of at least 18 credit points. Apart-time student for any particular year is one who in that year enrols for subjects to the shining, the value of less than 18 credit points. 8. Of Reasoned? Suspension or Termination of Enrolment. Where a student’s enrolment is suspended or terminated, their attendance at non-custodial the University, participation in online tuition or participation in a professional or clinical placement will cease, with effect from the action, date of suspension or termination. 9. Completion of a Subject. To complete a subject a student shall fulfil the requirements of the appropriate college as approved by vodka brand, the appropriate academic division for that subject in regard to attendance at lectures and theory of reasoned classes, presentation of oral, written,practical and field work and satisfactory performance in examinations or in other forms of assessment. These conditions will be specified in each subject outline issued at vodka brand the commencement of the subject.

Except with permission, granted on action, advice from the Dean of the appropriate college or their authorised nominee, a student may not enrol for any subject until a passing grade has been obtained for any prerequisite subject or subjects or other conditions have been met as detailed in the Master Schedule of subjects. Where two subjects are listed in the Master Schedule of subjects as an inadmissible subject combination, credit may be gained for only one of the subjects. 12. Professional Experience. Where a course includes prescribed professional or clinical placements, students may be required to vodka brand, undertake such placements away from the campus at of reasoned action which they are enrolled at their own expense. 12.1 Students may be required to be interviewed, in accordance with the relevant procedures, to assess their suitability to undertake, or to continue in, a professional or clinical placement. 12.2 Where a course includes a prescribed professional or clinical placement(s) and where that placement(s)may involve contact with young people, a student’s initial enrolment and middle continuing enrolment in that course will be conditional upon the following: 12.2.1 eligibility of the student for a Suitability to Work with Children Card at of reasoned action the time of the first enrolment; 12.2.2 maintenance of that eligibility throughout the whole of the course; 12.2.3 actual application for or acquisition of a Sustainability to Work with Children Card prior to commencement of email process Placement.

In the action, event that a student becomes ineligible for a Suitability to Work with Children Card, at any time between the date of first enrolment and the date of sentence completion of the course, the student will not be able to complete the of reasoned, degree. 13 Withdrawal from Subjects by houses, Students. A date shall be specified for each study period in which a coursework subject is offered, after which date a student who withdraws from the subject will receive an academic penalty, i.e. a fail in the subject. This date is known as the Last Date for Withdrawal Without Academic Penalty. The Last Date for Withdrawal Without Academic Penalty for theory of reasoned action, each study period is a date that falls after the census date for the study period and is approximately half-way through the study period. The Last Date for donald duck, Withdrawal Without Academic Penalty for of reasoned, each study period each year is approved by Academic Board and is published on the JCU website. When a student withdraws from a subject on donald middle, or before the Last Date for Withdrawal Without Academic Penalty, no subject enrolment or result will be recorded for that subject on the student’s official Academic Record. A student who withdraws from a subject after the Last Date for Withdrawal Without Academic Penalty shall be deemed to have failed that subject unless the academic division is action satisfied that there are special reasons for email communication, waiving this provision.

A student may apply to theory, the relevant Deputy Vice Chancellor for withdrawal without academic penalty, which may be granted if the relevant Deputy Vice Chancellor or authorised nominee is satisfied that the cancellation is justified by reason of special circumstances not related to the student’s academic ability or diligence. The following would normally constitute acceptable grounds for granting withdrawal without academic penalty: A serious health problem or the onset of a chronic health problem since the last date for withdrawal without academic penalty, as evidenced by medical certificates (e.g. serious illness, hospitalisation). Serious personal trauma as evidenced by medical or counsellor certificates. Demonstrable change in personal circumstances since the last date for withdrawal without academic penalty as supported by name, personal declaration by way of theory a signed Statutory Declaration and sentence other relevant material (e.g. additional and unforeseen employment demands on a part-time student; severe financial stress; onset of theory severe illness in an immediate family member). The following would not normally be acceptable grounds for granting withdrawal without academic penalty after the relevant date: Failure to prepare adequately for assessment requirements outside the circumstances outlined above. 14.

Addition or Substitution of Subjects Without Approval of the Subject Coordinator. A date shall be specified for each study period in which a subject is offered, after which students are not permitted to add or substitute coursework subjects without the approval of the subject coordinator. This dates hall be six days after the commencement of the study period for all study periods not exceeding 17 weeks duration and dally the outsiders thirteen days after the commencement of the study period for study periods exceeding 17 weeks duration;and shall be published on the JCU website. A student’s performance in a subject shall be graded within the range of grades specified in the policy Standard System for Reporting Grades. The degree with honours may be taken with honours in theory, a single discipline or with combined honours in two disciplines. 16.1 The examination for the degree with honours shall be as designated by the Dean of the appropriate college or authorised nominee and shall be by:

16.1.1 Passing or by being granted credit for passes in such assignments, exercises and written papers as may be prescribed; and. 16.1.2 Completing such other requirements, as may be approved and prescribed by the appropriate School responsible for vodka brand, examining the various subjects in which the student is enrolled; and. 16.1.3 The presentation of a thesis or other form of research writing, including professional practice research reports, in manner and at a standard satisfactory to the appropriate college Dean or authorised nominee, and consistent with the Honours Assessment and Postgraduate Coursework Policy. 16.2 The Bachelor Degree with Honours may be awarded in theory action, the following classes: The award of Class I Honours is acknowledged on the Testamur which is conferred at a Graduation Ceremony or Council meeting. Class III Honours is not awarded in Engineering and Law. 17.

Advanced Standing for Previous Studies. A student may be granted advanced standing towards an award of this University for dally, subjects completed at this or another University in accordance with the Advanced Standing for Previous Studies and Recognised Prior Learning policy. Deputy Vice-Chancellor Academic. Date for next Major Review: Minor amendments to align with Council approved Academic and Student Delegations Register. Associate Director, Enrolment and theory action Client Services.

Addition of: 1. Clause 5. Eligibility for Campus Transfer; 2.Definition of campus transfer; 3. References of ‘Academy DVC’ changed to ‘relevant DVC’. Executive Approval received from Chair Academic Board 11/01/2015. Acting Director, Student Services. Amended to reflect organisation restructure. Change of title from University Requirements for Undergraduate and Postgraduate Awards and sentence inclusion of policy provisions from Dates for Withdrawal Without Academic Penalty and Addition or Substitution of Subjects Without Prior Approval of action Subject Coordinator Policy. Change of approval authority only from Council to Academic Board. Endorsed by Academic Board on 18/04/2011 and approved on an interim basis (ie until the vodka brand, document can be presented to Council) by the Vice-Chancellor. Published in Policy Library and Student Handbook.

James Cook University Memberships. We acknowledge Australian Aboriginal People and Torres Strait Islander People as the first inhabitants of the nation, and acknowledge Traditional Owners of the lands where our staff and students live, learn and work. Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Information.